来源：网络 发布时间：2014-08-12 作者：上外口译培训
The 5000-year-long civilization is the source of pride of every Chinese. The traditional Chinese culture, both extensive and profound, starts far back and runs a long, long course. More than 2,000 years ago, there emerged in China Confucianism represented by Confucius and Mencius, Taoism represented by Lao Zi and Zhuang Zi, and many other theories and doctrines that figured prominently in the history of Chinese thought, all being covered by the famous term” the masters’ hundred schools.”
The traditional Chinese culture presents many precious ideas and qualities, which are essentially populist and democratic. For example, they lay stress on the importance of kindness and love in human relations, on the interest of the community, on seeking harmony without uniformity and on the idea that the world is for all. Especially, patriotism as embodied in the saying ”Everybody is responsible for the rise or fall of the country”; the populist ideas that “people are the foundation of the country” and that “people are the more important than the monarch”; the code of conduct of “Don’t do to others what you don’t want others to do to you”.
诸子百家：the masters’ hundred schools.
the interest of the community：天下为公
Everybody is responsible for the rise or fall of the country”：天下兴亡，匹夫有责
民为邦本 people centered / human oriented
己所不欲，勿施于人 do not force others to do what you don't like to
He was buried in trees.
Last night Wang Xiaoer's mother called him in and said to him very seriously, "you are not young any more, and it is about the right time that you find a right girl and have a family. Just a couple of days ago, the matchmaker Mrs. Wang in the neighbor village introduce you a very beautiful girl whose name was Ruhua, and she was tender considerate and hardworking, but the only problem she's got is she eats a lot."
Nongtang is the local term used by Shanghai people for linong, which means a lane that connects houses or a group of houses connected by lanes. In Nongtangs, besides hawkings of snack there were hawkings of vegetables, even live chicken and duck; Once or twice in a week, there would be hawking of redering services, such as repairing shoes. Every sort of trades would have their own melodic tune in hawking, people could identify them without stepping out to see. It reflects the culture, life-style and philosophy of Shanghai people.
The houses in Longtangs, generally two storied, are proximately attached to each other in rows, sharing the same front and back lanes. People living along the same lane had the habit of nodding or greeting each other when passing by, some even had the mood to chat a little while. The advantages of the Nongtang life lie in the good neighborhood relationship,” good neighbors are more helpful than far away relatives” proved to be true in Shanghai. As the city is now undergoing a large-scale reconstruction, those Nongtangs of comparative good quality will be conserved.