2014年高级口译难点强化练习:长难句翻译1

来源:网络   发布时间:2014-08-18   作者:上外口译培训

  很多报考高级口译考试的同学抱怨英语中的长难句,在各类英语考试中长难句也是重难点之一,英语习惯使用长句来表达较复杂的意思。上外口译为广大考生整理了一系列长难句翻译练习试题,含有参考译文,供大家练习使用。

  1. The American economic system is, organized around a basically private-enterprise, market-oriented economy in which consumers largely determine what shall be produced by spending their money in the marketplace for those goods and services that they want most.

  美国的经济基本是以私有企业和市场导向经济为架构的,在这种经济下,消费者在市场上为那些他们最想要的货品和服务付费,在很大程度上决定了什么应该被制造出来。

  2. Thus, in the American economic system it is the demand of individual consumers, coupled with the desire of businessmen to maximize profits and the desire of individuals to maximize their incomes, that together determine what shall be produced and how resources are used to produce it.

  因此,在美国的经济体系中,个体消费者的需求、商人试图最大化其利润的欲望、个人想最大化其收入效用,这三种欲望相结合,决定了什么应该被制造出来,也决定了如何用资源来制造它们。

  3. If, on the other hand, producing more of a commodity results in reducing its cost, this will tend to increase the supply offered by seller-producers, which in turn will lower the price and permit more consumers to buy the product.

  另一方面,如果大量制造某种商品导致其成本下降,那么这就有可能增加卖方和制造商能的供给,这样反过来又降低了价格,让更多的消费者购买产品。

  4. In the American economy, the concept of private property embraces not only the ownership of productive resources but also certain rights, including the right to determine the price of a product or to make a free contract with another private individual.

  在美国经济中,私有财产的概念不仅包含对生产资源的所有权,也指其他一些特定的权利,如制定一个产品价格的权利、与另一个私人个体(经济单位) 自由签定合同的权利。

  5. At the same time these computers record which hours are busiest and which employers are the most efficient, allowing personnel and staffing assignments to be made accordingly. And they also identify preferred customers for promotional campaigns.

  同时这些计算机记录下哪些时段是最忙的,哪些员工工作效率最高,这样就能相应地做出人员人事安排。而且计算机也能找到促销活动的对象顾客。

  6. Numerous other commercial enterprises, from theaters to magazine publishers, from gas and electric utilities to milk processors, bring better and more efficient services to consumers through the use of computers.

  从剧院到杂志出版商,从公用燃气电力设施到牛奶处理厂,不计其数的其他商业企业,都通过使用计算机给消费者带来更好、更高效的服务。

  7. Exceptional children are different in some significant way from others of the same age. For these children to develop to their full adult potential, their education must be adapted to those differences.

  残疾儿童在许多方面都与其同龄人十分不同。为了让这些孩子在成长过程中充分发展潜能,他们的教育必须适应这些不同。

  8. The great interest in exceptional children shown in public education over the past three decades indicates the strong feeling in our society that all citizens, whatever their special conditions, deserve the opportunity to fully develop their capabilities.

  在过去的30年中,公共教育中显示的对残疾儿童的巨大关注表明了我们社会中的一种中强烈的情绪,那就是所有的公民,不管其情况有多特殊,都应享有充分发展其能力的机会。

  9. It serves directly to assist a rapid distribution of goods at reasonable price, thereby establishing a firm home market and so making it possible to provide for export at competitive prices.

  它(广告)能够直接帮助货物以比较合理的价格迅速分销出去,这样(公司)可以建立稳固的国内市场,同时也使提供更具有竞争力出口价格变成可能。

  10. Apart from the fact that twenty-seven acts of Parliament govern the terms of advertising, no regular advertiser dare promote a product that fails to live up to the promise of his advertisements.

  即使议会没有27条规范广告的法案,任何一个正式的广告商也都不敢推销一种无法兑现其在广告中承诺的商品。

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