2009年9月高级口译阅读真题(Section5 第二篇)

来源:网络   发布时间:2014-09-03   作者:上外口译培训

  2014年9月英语高级口译笔试在即,考生在最后的几天里可以通过真题进行回顾练习,阅读部分是很多考生丢分的部分,上外口译为各位考生整理了2009年秋季高级口译阅读真题原文和参考答案,供大家备考练习使用,希望大家有所收获。

  Section 5 第二篇

  原文

  Questions 4-7

  When it comes to going green, intention can be easier than action. Case in point: you decide to buy a T shirt made from 100% organic cotton, because everyone knows that organic is better for Earth. And in some ways it is; in conventional cotton-farming, pesticides strip the soil of life. But that green label doesn’t tell the whole story—like the fact that even organic cotton requires more than 2,640 gal. (10,000 L) of water to grow enough fiber for one T shirt. Or the possibility that the T shirt may have been dyed using harsh industrial chemicals, which can pollute local groundwater. If you knew all that, would you still consider the T shirt green? Would you still buy it?

  It’s a question that most of us are ill equipped to answer, even as the debate over what is and isn’t green becomes all-important in a hot and crowded world. That’s because as the global economy has grown, our ability to make complex products with complex supply chains has outpaced our ability to comprehend the consequences—for ourselves and the planet. We evolved to respond to threats that were clear and present. That’s why, when we eat spoiled food, we get nauseated and when we see a bright light, we shut our eyes. But nothing in evolution has prepared us to understand the cumulative impact that imperceptible amounts of industrial chemicals may have on our children’s health or the slow-moving, long-term danger of climate change. Scanning the supermarket aisles, we lack the data to understand the full impact of what we choose and probably couldn’t make sense of the information even if we had it.

  But what if we could seamlessly calculate the full lifetime effect of our actions on the earth and on our bodies? Not just carbon footprints but social and biological footprints as well? What if we could think ecologically? That’s what psychologist Daniel Goleman describes in his forthcoming book, Ecological Intelligence. Using a young science called industrial ecology, businesses and green activists alike are beginning to compile the environmental and biological impact of our every decision—and delivering that information to consumers in a user-friendly way. That’s thinking ecologically—understanding the global environmental consequences of our local choices. “We can know that causes of what we’re doing, and we can know the impact of what we’re doing,” says Goleman, who wrote the 1995 best seller Emotional Intelligence. “It’s going to have a radical impact on the way we do business.”

  Over the past couple of decades, industrial ecologists have been using a method called life-cycle assessment (LCA) to break down that web of connection. The concept of the carbon footprint comes from LCA, but a deep analysis looks at far more. The manufacture and sale of a simple glass bottle requires input from dozens of suppliers; for high-tech items, it can include many times more.

  The good news is that industrial ecologists can now crunch those data, and smart companies like Coca-Cola are using the information to clean up their corporate ecology. Working with the World Wildlife Fund, Coke analyzed its globe-spanning supply chain—the company uses 5% of the world’s total sugar crop—to see where it could minimize its impact; today Coke is on target to improve its water efficiency 20% by 2012.

  Below the megacorporate level, start-ups like the website Good Guide are sifting through rivers of data for ordinary consumers, providing easy-to-understand ratings you can use to instantly gauge the full environmental and health impact of that T shirt. Even better, they’ll get the information to you when you need it: Good Guide has an iPhone app that can deliver verdicts on tens of thousands of products. Good Guide and services like it “let us align our dollars with our values easily,” says Goleman.

  But ecological intelligence is ultimately about more than what we buy. It’s also about our ability to accept that we live in an infinitely connected world with finite resources. Goleman highlights the Tibetan community of Sher, where for millenniums, villagers have survived harsh conditions by carefully conserving every resource available to them. The Tibetans think ecologically because they have no other choice. Neither do we. “We once had the luxury to ignore our impacts,” says Goleman. “Not anymore.”

  4. Why does the author give the example of buying a T shirt made from 100% organic cotton at the beginning of the passage?

  5. What does the author mean by saying that “our ability to make complex products with complex supply chains has outpaced our ability to comprehend the consequences” (para. 2)?

  6. Give a brief introduction of the young science of “industrial ecology”. What does the example of Coca Cola tell us?

  7. What does the psychologist Daniel Goleman mean by saying “We once had the luxury to ignore our impacts.”(para. 7)?

  【参考答案】

  4. By giving the example of buying a T-shirt made of 100% organic cotton at the beginning of the passage, the author intended to point out that the T-shirt was not environmental-friendly; it may have been dyed using harsh industrial chemicals, which can pollute local groundwater.

  5. By saying that “our ability to make complex products with complex supply chains has outpaced our ability to comprehend the consequences”, the author means that nothing in evolution has prepared us to understand the cumulative impact that imperceptible amounts of industrial chemicals may have on our children's health or the slow-moving, long-term danger of climate change.

  6. The young science of “industrial technology” was described by psychologist Daniel Goleman in his forthcoming book, Ecological Intelligence. Using a young science called industrial ecology, businesses and green activists alike are beginning to compile the environmental and biological impact of our every decision - and delivering that information to consumers in a user-friendly way.

  The example of Coca Cola tells us some good news that industrial ecologists can now crunch those data about suppliers of goods or services, and smart companies like Coca-Cola are using the information to clean up their corporate ecology.

  7. By saying that “We once had the luxury to ignore our impacts”, psychologist Daniel Goleman meant that ecological intelligence is ultimately about more than what we buy. It's also about our ability to accept that we live in an infinitely connected world with finite resources. He also highlights the Tibetan community of Sher, where for millenniums, villagers have survived harsh conditions by carefully conserving every resource available to them. The Tibetans think ecologically because they have no other choice. Neither do we.

  【关键词】环保,供应链,消费者环保意识培养

  【大意】如何才能生产、识别真正环保的产品?部分公司开始尝试对其供应链进行分析管理,并向消费者提供简明易懂的产品环保信息,方便识别选购

  【文章出处】时代周刊,TIME,2009年3月12日

  【词汇积累】

  organic cotton 有机棉

  pesticide 杀虫剂

  strip 剥去,掠夺,这里表示使土壤丧失自然养分

  fiber 纤维

  dye 染色

  harsh industrial chemicals 有害的化工产品

  outpace 超越

  spoiled food 变质食品

  cumulative impact 累积影响

  imperceptible 无法感知的

  aisle 走廊,这里表示超市里的过道

  seamlessly 无缝地,这里表示完美,天衣无缝

  carbon footprint 碳足迹

  life-cycle assessment 生命周期评价

  crunch 这里表示处理数据

  globe-spanning supply chain 全球范围内的供应链

  sugar crop 糖料作物

  megacorporate level 表示超大型的公司

  start-up 创业公司,新公司

  sift 筛选

  rating 评级

  iPhone app 表示iPhone应用程序

  verdict 判决,定论

  align 排列,使…相联系

  ultimately 最终

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