2009年9月高级口译阅读真题(Section2 第一篇)

来源:网络   发布时间:2014-09-03   作者:上外口译培训

  英语高级口译阅读部分的材料均选自英语国家出版的报刊杂志,测试考生的报刊阅读理解能力,概括中心思想能力,词汇量,以及与英语国家政治、经济、社会与文化等相关的知识。上外口译为各位考生整理了2009年9月英语高级口译笔试阅读部分的真题,含答案和解析,供大家练习使用。

  Section 2 第一篇

  原文

  Talk about timing. Your question arrived in our in-box the same day that we received a note from an acquaintance who had just been let go from his job in publishing, certainly one of the industries that is facing, as you put it, “extreme change.” He described his layoff as a practically Orwellian experience in which he was ushered into a conference room to meet with an outplacement consultant who, after dispensing with logistics, informed him that she would call him at home that evening to make sure everything was all right.

  “I assured her I had friends and loved ones and a dog,” he wrote, “and since my relationship with her could be measured in terms of seconds, they could take care of that end of things.” “Memo to HR: Instead of saddling dismissed employees with solicitous outplacement reps,” he noted wryly, “put them in a room with some crockery for a few therapeutic minutes of smashing things against a wall.”

  While we enjoy our friend’s sense of humor, we’d suggest a different memo to HR. “Layoffs are your moment of truth,” it would say, “when your company must show departing employees the same kind of attentiveness and dignity that was showered upon them when they entered. Layoffs are when HR proves its mettle and its worth, demonstrating whether a company really cares about its people.”

  Look, we’ve written before about HR and the game-changing role we believe it can—and should—play as the engine of an organization’s hiring, appraisal, and development processes. We’ve asserted that too many companies relegate HR to the mundane busy-work of newsletters, picnics, and benefits, and we’ve made the case that every CEO should elevate his head of HR to the same stature as the CFO. But if there was ever a time to underscore the importance of HR, it has arrived. And, sadly, if there was ever a time to see how few companies get HR right, it has arrived, too, as our acquaintance’s experience shows.

  So, to your question: What is HR’s correct role now—especially in terms of layoffs?

  First, HR has to make sure people are let go by their managers, not strangers. Being fired is dehumanizing in any event, but to get the news from a “hired gun” only makes matters worse. That’s why HR must ensure that managers accept their duty, which is to be in on the one conversation at work that must be personal. Pink slips should be delivered face-to-face, eyeball-to-eyeball.

  Second, HR’s role is to serve as the company’s arbiter of equity. Nothing raises hackles more during a layoff than the sense that some people—namely the loudmouths and the litigious—are getting better deals than others. HR can mitigate that dynamic by making sure across units and divisions that severance arrangements, if they exist, are appropriate and evenhanded. You simply don’t want people to leave feeling as if they got you-know-what. They need to walk out saying: “At least I know i was treated fairly.”

  Finally, HR’s role is to absorb pain. In the hours and days after being let go, people need to vent, and it is HR’s job to be completely available to console. At some point, all outplacement consultant can come into the mix to assist with a transition, but HR can never let “the departed” feel as if they’ve been sent to a leper colony. Someone connected to each let-go employee—either a colleague or HR staffer—should check in regularly. And not just to ask, “Is everything O.K.?” but to listen to the answer with an open heart, and when appropriate, offer to serve as a reference to prospective employers.

  Three years ago, we wrote a column called, “So Many CEOs Get This Wrong,” and while many letters supported our stance that too many companies undervalue HR, a significant minority pooh-poohed HR as irrelevant to the “real work” of business. Given the state of things, we wonder how those same HR-minimalists feel now. If their company is in crisis—or their own career—perhaps at last they’ve seen the light. HR matters enormously in good times. It defines you in the bad.

  1. Why does the author say that his friend’s note displayed a “sense of humor”(para. 3)?

  (A) Because his layoff experience showed vividly the process of”extreme change”.

  (B) Because he gave a vivid description of the outplacement reps’ work style.

  (C) Because he suggested to HR how to treat dismissed employees while he himself was fired.

  (D) Because he was optimistic with the support and understanding from his friends and loved family members after being dismissed.

  2. The expression “moment of truth” in the sentence “Layoffs are your moment of truth ...when they entered.” (para. 3) most probably means ________.

  (A) critical moment of proving one’s worth

  (B) time of dismissing the employees

  (C) important moment of telling the truth

  (D) time of losing one’s dignity

  3. Which of the following does NOT support the author’s statement that “HR has to make sure people are let go by their managers, not strangers.”(para. 6)?

  (A) In that case the let-go employee would feel less dehumanized.

  (B) By doing so the managers treat the employees with respect.

  (C) HR has thus played the positive role in terms of layoffs.

  (D) In doing so strangers will only play the role of a “hired gun”.

  4. The expression “pink slips” in the sentence “Pink slips should be delivered face-to-face, eyeball-to-eyeball.”(para. 6) can best be paraphrased as ________.

  (A) a letter of invitation (B) a notice of dismissal

  (C) a card of condolences (D) a message of greetings

  5. Which of the following expresses the main idea of the passage?

  (A) The time to underscore the importance of HR has arrived.

  (B) Severance arrangements should be the focus of HR’s job.

  (C) Employees should be treated with equal respect whether hired or fired.

  (D) Managers must leave their duty to HR when employees are dismissed.

  【参考答案】CADBA

  【关键词】人力资源在企业中的重要性

  【大意】应重新定位人力资源在企业中的定位,包括员工离职安排等,都应由人力资源以更加合理的方式来承担

  【文章出处】 商业周刊,2009年3月11日,Jack and Suzy Welch

  【词汇积累】

  Orwellian experience 类似奥威尔小说中表述的体验,指被置于高压监控下失去人性

  outplacement consultant 专门从事离职安排的顾问

  saddle 这里表示施压

  solicitous 热心的

  wryly 嘲弄地

  smash 砸

  mettle 勇气

  appraisal 评估

  mundane 世俗的

  dehumanize 使失去人性

  hired gun 这里表示受雇前来和员工谈离职安排的人

  pink slip 解雇通知书

  arbiter 仲裁人

  hackles 怒气

  loudmouths 高声谈话的人,多嘴的人

  litigious 好争论的,难缠的

  mitigate 缓解

  severance arrangements 离职手续

  evenhanded 公平的

  vent 发泄

  console 抚慰

  leper colony 麻风病人隔离区

  prospective 潜在的,未来的

  stance 立场

  pooh-pooh 蔑视

  irrelevant 无关的

  HR-minimalist 这里表示认为HR职能有限、并不重要的人

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