高级口译备考 地道中文该如何翻译?

来源:网络   发布时间:2014-09-11   作者:上外口译培训

  英语高级口译翻译部分相对来说比较难,考生在备考的时候,要全面掌握翻译,结合学习的翻译基本知识和技能,再通过练习,提高自己的翻译能力。上外口译为大家整理了地道中文的正确英译,供各位考生积累学习使用,希望能帮助到大家备考高级口译考试。

  1. 有他这颗扫帚星,什么事情都办不成。

  [误] With a comet like him, nothing can be accomplished.

  [正] With a jinx like him, nothing can be accomplished.

  注:“扫帚星”是中国人对“慧星” (comet)的俗称,因其后面拖着一条像扫帚一样的长尾巴而得名。在中国古代,“扫帚星”被认为是灾难的预兆,并被用来比喻不吉利的人或事;祸根: (person or thing that is thought to bring)bad luck(to sb/sth);curse。英语的comet 虽然没有这层含义,但却有一个对应的说法,即jinx。

  例:There's a jinx on/Someone's put a jinx on this car: it's always giving me trouble. (这辆汽车上有什么妨人的东西,总给我找麻烦。)

  2.萝卜青菜,各有所爱。

  [误] Some prefer radish but others prefer cabbage.

  [正] Tastes differ.

  注:Tastes differ/vary .是句英语谚语,除此以外,原句还可翻译成 No dish suits all tastes.或 You can never make everyone happy. 等。此外,我们还可以这样说:One man's meat is another man's poison. 总之,应采取意译。

  3.他一向嘴硬,从不认错。

  [误] He has always got a hard mouth and never admit a fault.

  [正] He never says uncle.

  注:say (cry) uncle: to give up or in; to surrender; to admit defeat. Mainly used by boys, as when fighting. 这句话主要是男孩们打架时的用语,当一方想制服另一方时,就用命令的口气说:“Say uncle!”这时,有的孩子为了表示不服输,就是不说。后来,say uncle 就成了“服输”的代名词,而 not say uncle 就相当于“嘴硬”了。

  4.老师很喜欢这个嘴甜的小姑娘。

  [误] The teacher likes this sweet-mouthed little girl very much.

  [正] The teacher likes this honey-lipped little girl very much.

  注:中国人喜欢说“嘴甜”,但 honey-lipped 更符合英美人的语言习惯。

  5.同学们都很讨厌他,因为他经常拍老师的马屁。

  [误] The students all dislike him because he often pats the teacher's ass.

  [正] The students all dislike him because he often licks the teacher's boots.

  注:以前在欧洲,臣民见到国王与王后往往要亲吻他们的靴子。后来,人们将 lick the boots 引申为“为了某种目的而讨好某人”,它与汉语的“拍马屁”含义一样。在美国英语中,“拍马屁”还有另一种说法,即 polish the apple,源于以前的学生用擦亮的苹果来讨好老师。

  6.你听说了吗?迈克把他的女朋友给甩 了。

  [误] Have you ever heard that Mike broke up with his girlfriend?

  [正] Have you ever heard that Mike dumped his girlfriend?

  注:break up with sb. 虽然表示“与某人分手了”,但并没说明是谁先提出来的。而 dump 的原意指“倾倒垃圾”,用在这里则表示像倒垃圾一样地甩掉。

  7.我们要把祖国建设成为社会主义的现代 化强国。

  [误] We will build our motherland into a socialist modern powerful country.

  [正] We will build our motherland into a modern powerful socialist country.

  注:形容词作为修饰语在汉语和英语中都很常用,但使用的先后次序却有所不同。在英语中我们一般 遵循“靠近原则”,即越能说明本质属性的修饰词越靠近它所修饰的名词,当从这一点看不出区别时,就靠词的长短来决定,短的在前,长的在后。原文中最能说明 “国家”本质的定语是“社会主义的”,所以 socialist 要最靠近它所修饰的中心词。

  8.人都 是这山望着那山高,对自己的现状没有满意的时候。

  [误] Almost all people think that the other mountain is higher than the one he's standing on. They never feel satisfied with what they've already got.

  [正] Almost all people think that the grass is greener on the other hill. They never feel satisfied with what they've already got.

  注:“这山望着那山高”是指人不满足于现 状的心理,它在英语中已经有了现成的说法,即 the grass is greener on the other hill(他山的草更绿),因此我们借用即可,这样既方便又更有利于与西方人沟通。

  9.转战南北

  [误] fight south and north

  [正] fight north and south

  注:在地理方位的表达习惯上,中英文有一定的区别。中国人习惯于先“东西”后“南北”,而且在 涉及“南北”时,习惯于先说“南”,再说“北”,如:“南征北战”、“南来北往”等。而英美人与此正好相反,如“江苏在中国的东南部”英文是 Jiangsu is in the south-east of China, 而“新疆在中国的西北部”应译为 Xinjiang is in the north-west of China。

  10.这个教授教得很烂。

  [误] The professor teaches badly.

  [正] The professor is so terrible.

  注:有人认为第二句的意思是“这个教授很可怕”,其实不然。英语中 terrible 意思很灵活,例如:feel terrible 指身体“不舒服”; The food is terrible 则是说食物“难吃极了”。而第一句纯属中文式的表达。

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