2015高级口译词汇表(6)

来源:网络   发布时间:2015-01-22   作者:上外口译培训

  词汇是学习英语的基础,翻译是其考试中的重点,词汇对于翻译练习也至关重要,考生在平时练习的时候,可以多留意积累各方面的词汇。上外口译整理了上海高级口译词汇表,以供各位考生考试复习参考,希望对考生复习有所帮助。

  G

  《国际先驱论坛报》 International Herald Tribune

  感谢款待的信 a bread and butter letter (a letter sent as thanks for being treated well as someone's guest)

  感到不妙 I smell a rat.

  干细胞 stem cell

  干部队伍革命化、年轻化、知识化、专业化 " make the ranks of cadres more revolutionary, younger in average age, better educated and professionally more competent "

  格列佛游记 Gulliver's Travels

  港人治港 Hong Kong people administering Hong Kong

  港务局 port office; harbor authority

  岗位培训 on-the-job training

  港澳台 Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan

  根本政治制度 fundamental political system

  跟踪审计 follow-up auditing

  更快、更高、更强 Citius, Altius, Fortius

  改制上市 An enterprise is re-organized according to modern corporate system so that it will get listed on the stock market.

  个人收入应税申报制度 the system of the declaration of individual incomes for tax payment

  个人所得税 personal income tax

  个人自扫门前雪, 莫管他人瓦上霜 hoe one's own potatoes

  个体工商户 privately or individually-owned business

  高清晰度 high definition

  高新技术产业开发区 high and new technology industrial development zone

  高手 master hand, expert

  高原反应,高山反应 altitude stress; altitude sickness

  高难度动作 stunner, stunt

  高层次、全方位的对话 high-level and all-directional dialogue

  高产优质 high yield and high quality

  高等教育自学考试 self-study higher education examination

  高度自治 high degree of autonomy

  高峰 peak time

  高峰论坛 summit (forum)

  高杠杆交易机构 highly-leveraged institutions(HLI)

  高官会 Senior Officials Meeting (SOM)

  高架公路 elevated highway; overhead road

  高级商务师 Certified Business Executive

  高科技板块 high-tech sector

  高考 (university) entrance examination

  各大菜系 major styles of cooking

  各就位 " ""On your marks!"""

  各尽所能 let each person do his best; from each according to his ability

  光通讯 photo-communication; optical communication

  广域网 wide area network (WAN)

  光盘杂志 CD-ROM magazine

  广播电视大学 radio and television university

  广告电话直销 direct response advertising

  光谷 optical valley

  光机电一体化 "optical, mechanical and electronic integration"

  骨干企业 key enterprise

  股市行情 the ups and downs of the stock market

  股票期权 the stock option

  股本 share capital

  股本回报率 return on equity

  股本金 equity capital

  股份有限公司 limited liability company

  股份制 shareholding system; joint-stock system

  归国留学生 returned students

  归口管理 put under centralized management by specialized departments

  固定电话初装费 installation fees for fixed-line telephones

  固定资产投资 investment in the fixed assets

  挂职 1) take a temporary post (in order to temper oneself); 2) serve in a lower level unit for a period while retaining one's position in the previous unit

  挂靠 be attached or affiliated to; be subordinate to

  挂靠户 an adjunct organization

  国民生产总值 gross national product (GNP)

  国民党 Kuomintang

  国民经济支柱产业 pillar industries in national economy

  国土局 Land and Resources Bureau

  国泰民安 The country flourishes and people live in peace

  国有股 state-owned shares

  国有股减持 reduce state's stake in listed companies

  国有资产流失 loss of state assets

  国债投资 treasury bond investment

  国债专项资金 special fund for treasury bond

  国内生产总值 gross domestic product (GDP)

  国产化率 import substitution rate; localization rate of parts and components

  国防动员体制 the mobilization for national defense

  国际劳工组织 ILO (International Labor Organization)

  国际商业机器公司 International Business Machine Corporation (IBM)

  国际日期变更线 International Date Line (IDL)

  国际收支不平衡 disequilibrium of balance of payment

  国际标准化组织 ISO (International Organization for Standardization)

  国际惯例 international common practice

  国际货币基金组织 IMF (International Monetary Fund)

  国际化战略 internationalization strategy

  国际禁止化学武器组织 organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons (OPCW)

  国际足球联盟 Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA)

  国家体育总局 State Physical Culture Administration

  国家一级保护 first-grade State protection

  国家普通话水平考试 National Proficiency Test of Putonghua

  国家质量技术监督局 the State Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision

  国家重点科技攻关项目 national key scientific and technological project

  国家环保总局 State Environmental Protection Administration

  国家级卫生城市 state-level hygiene city

  国家经济体制改革委员会 the State Commission for Restructuring the Economic Systems

  国家控股公司 state-controlling company

  国脚 player of the national football team; footballer of the national team

  国库券 treasury bonds

  过失责任 liability of fault

  过失赔偿责任;无过失赔偿责任 liability with fault;liability without fault

  过山车 roller coaster

  过犹不及 going too far is as bad as not going far enough; beyond is as wrong as falling short; too much is as bad as too little

  过度开垦 excess reclamation

  规模经济 scale economy, economies of scale

  规避 circumvention

  工薪阶层 salariat; state employee; salaried person

  工商局 industrial and commercial bureau

  工业园区 industrial park

  工业控制一体化 integrated industrial control; industrial control of integration

  工笔 traditional Chinese realistic painting

  工程验收 acceptance of work

  工程公司 engineering company

  工资税 payroll tax

  功夫不负有心人 Everything comes to him who waits.

  恭喜发财 May you be prosperous!; Wish you prosperity.

  公司分立与解散 separation and dissolution of a company

  公务员 civil servants

  公正、公平、公开 "just, fair and open"

  公益林 public welfare forest

  公证财产 notarize the properties

  公费医疗 medical services at state expense

  公告板服务 Bulletin Board Service (BBS)

  公积金 "public accumulation funds, public reserve funds"

  公检法 " public security organs, procuratorial organs and people's courts"

  公款吃喝 recreational activities using public funds

  公开喊价市场 open outcry markets

  共同富裕 common prosperity

  共产党领导下的多党合作与政治协商 multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of Communist Party

  狗仔队 "dog packs; paparazzo (singular), paparazzi(plural) (It refers to those journalists who are hunting the news of celebrities.)"

  关税壁垒 customs barrier; tariff wall

  尴尬,困境,糟糕 pretty pass

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