2015高级口译词汇表(16)

来源:网络   发布时间:2015-01-27   作者:上外口译培训

  高级口译学习中词汇是必须要攻克的一道关,考生在平时练习的时候,可以多留意积累各方面的词汇。上外口译整理了上海高级口译词汇表,以供各位考生考试复习参考,希望对考生复习有所帮助。

  S

  (西方的)三权分立 separation of executive, legislative, and judicial powers

  (企业集团的)松散层 loose level (of an enterprise group)

  360度环幕电影 Circamara

  <<史记>> Shi Ji

  Historical Records

  舍利子 Buddha's relics

  世上无难事,只要肯攀登 "Where there is a will, there is a way. "

  世外桃源 a fictitious land of peace away from the turmoil of the world;

  死亡率 mortality

  酸雨 acid rain

  死帐 uncollectible account, bad debt, bad loan

  事业单位 public institution

  摄政王 acting king; prince regent

  枢纽工程 multi-purpose project or pivotal project

  闪电战 blitz; lightning war

  死而后已 until my heart stops beating

  死机 system halted

  世界大学生运动会(大运会) universiade

  世界观、人生观、价值观 world outlook; outlook on life; values

  社论 editorial

  社区服务 community services

  社会名流 celebrity

  社会力量办学 running of schools by non-governmental sectors

  社会效益 social effect/ results/ benefit

  社会热点问题 hot spots of society

  社会治安情况 public security situation

  社会主义市场经济 socialist market economy

  社会主义精神文明建设 socialist ideological and ethical progress

  社会保障制度 social security system

  社会福利彩票 social welfare lotteries

  社会化服务体系 socialized service system; social service system

  市盈率 p/e (price/earning) ratio

  市政工程 municipal works; municipal engineering

  市值 market capitalization

  市场营销学 marketing

  市场占有率 market share

  市场疲软 sluggish market

  市场饱和 market saturation; saturated market

  市场化 marketization

  市场准入 market access

  市话 local calls

  适龄儿童入学率 enrolment rate for children of school age

  岁岁平安 Peace all year round

  申诉权 right of petition

  适销对路的产品 readily marketable products

  适者生存 survival of the fittest

  申办奥运会 bid for the Olympic Games

  适度从紧的财政政策 moderately tight fiscal policy

  上马 start a project

  上门服务 door-to-door service

  上新台阶 reach a new level; reach a higher stage of development

  上市 to be listed

  上市公司 listed companies

  上山下乡 (of educated urban youth) go and work in the countryside or mountain areas

  送温暖工程 heart-warming project

  身外之物 worldly possessions

  商务旅游 business travel

  身体素质 physique; physical constitution

  上网 to get on the Internet, surf the net

  上有天堂,下有苏杭 "Just as there is paradise in heaven, ther are Suzhou and Hangzhou on earth."

  商业网点 commodity network

  商业炒作 commercial speculation

  商业贷款 commercial loan

  商业存在(服务贸易) commercial presence

  释迦牟尼 Sakyamuni

  商品条码 bar code

  商品房空置的现象 the vacancy problem in commercial housing

  商品化 commercialization

  商品经济 commodity economy

  上岗 go to one's post; go on duty

  上海五国第六次峰会 "the sixth summit of ""Shanghai Five"" "

  上海五国机制 the Shanghai Five mechanism

  上海合作组织 Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)

  商检局 Commodity Inspection Bureau

  深加工 deep processing; further processing

  搜索引擎(计算机) search engine

  神州行电话卡 Shenzhou pre-paid card

  收视率 audience ratings; television viewing

  审时度势 size up the situation

  试用期 probationary period

  收盘价 closing price

  视频点播 video on demand (VOD)

  试点工程 pilot project

  试管婴儿 test-tube baby

  收购兼并 merger and acquisition

  生命银行 bank for keeping the donated organs and remains of dead persons for medical use

  授信贷款 credit extension loan

  授信额度 line of credit

  少数服从多数、下级服从上级、局部服从全体、全党服从中央 "the minority is subordinate to the majority, the lower level to the higher level, the part to the whole and the entire membership of the Party to the Central Committee "

  寿司 sushi, a Japanese dish of rolls of cold rice flavoured and garnished

  生物圈 biosphere

  塞翁失马,焉知非福 Misfortune may be an actual blessing.

  生物恐怖主义 bioterrorism

  生态旅游 ecotourism

  生态林 ecological forest

  生态农业 environmental-friendly agriculture

  生意兴隆 Business flourishes

  所有权经营权分离 separate ownership from managerial authority

  所得税 income tax

  售后服务 after-sale services

  三民主义 the Three People's Principles (Nationalism, Democracy and the People's Livelihood) put forward by Dr. Sun Yat-sen

  三连冠 three successive championships

  三来一补企业 "the enterprises that process raw materials on clients' demands, assemble parts for the clients and process according to the clients' samples; or engage in compensation trade."

  瘦肉精(盐酸克伦特罗) clenobuterol hydrochloride

  三权分立 separation of the executive, legislative and judicial powers

  三十而立 "A man should be independent at the age of thirty.

  At thirty, a man should be able to think for himself."

  三下乡 "a program under which officials, doctors, scientist and college students go to the countryside to spread scientific and literacy knowledge and offer medical service to farmers"

  三通 "three direct links of trade, mail, and air and shipping services across the Taiwan Straits "

  三通一平 "three supplies and one leveling; supply of water, electricity and road and leveled ground (conditions ready for further economic development)"

  三维电影 three-dimensional movie

  三维动画片 three-dimensional animation

  三峡工程 Three Gorges Project

  三无企业 "three-no-enterprises (It refers to enterprises with no capital, no plant, and no administrative structure.)"

  受灾群众 people afflicted by a natural disaster

  受灾地区 disaster-affected are

  三陪 girls who provides illegal sexual services, esp. prostitute

  三农问题 issues concerning agriculture, countryside and farmers

  三八线 38th Parallel

  三八红旗手 woman pace-setter

  三产 tertiary industry

  三步走战略 the three-step development strategy

  三大作风 the Party's three important styles of work (integrating theory with practice, forging close links with the masses and practicing self-criticism)

  三废(废气、废水、废渣) “three wastes”(waste gas, waste water and waste residues)

  三个有利于 three favorables (whether it promotes the growth of the productive forces in a socialist society, increases the overall strenth of the socialist state and raises the people's living standards

  三个代表 three represents theory (The Party should always represent the development needs of China's advanced social productive forces, always represent the onward direction of China's advanced culture, and always represent the fundamental interests of the largest member of the Chinese people.)

  三高农业 "three highs" agriculture (high yield, high quality and high efficiency agriculture)

  三好学生 merit student; three good student(good in study, attitude and health)

  升级换代 updating and upgrading (of products)

  三角恋爱 love triangle

  三角债 chain debt

  三讲教育(讲学习、讲政治、讲正气) three emphases education (to stress theoretical study, political awareness and good conduct)

  数据通信 data communication

  三资企业(中外合资企业,中外合作企业,外商独资企业) "three kinds of foreign-invested enterprises or ventures: Sino-foreign joint ventures, cooperative businesses and exclusively foreign-owned enterprises in China "

  三自原则 principles of self-administration, self-support and self-propagation

  数字地球 digital globe

  三字经 three-character scripture

  随行就市 prices fluctuating in response to market conditions

  四书(《大学》、《中庸》、《论语》、《孟子》) The Four Books (The Great Learning, The Doctrine of the Mean, The Analects of Confucius, The Mencius)

  四十不惑 Life begins at forty.

  涉外经济 foreign-related business

  四项基本原则 "the Four Cardinal Principles of adherence to the socialist road, the people's democratic dictatorship, the leadership of the Communist Party of China, and Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought"

  四有新人 "new generation of people with lofty ideals, moral integrity, good education and a strong sense of discipline"

  四大金刚 Four Heavenly Guardians at the entrance to a Buddhism temple; Four Devarajas

  四个如何认识 (江泽民总书记在今年6月28日中央思想政治工作会议上发表的重要讲话中,提出并精辟阐述了如何认识社会主义发展的历史进程、如何认识资本主义发展的历史 进程、如何认识我国社会主义改革实践过程对人们思想的影响、如何认识当今的国际环境和国际政治斗争带来的影响等当前直接影响干部群众思想活动的重大问题.)

  "In his important address to the Central Ideological and Political Work Conference on June 28 this year, Party General Secretary Jiang Zemin expounds on how to understand the historical process of socialist development; how to understand the historical process of capitalist development; how to understand the impact of China's socialist reform over the people's thinking; how to understand the impact of the current international environment and political struggle."

  四个现代化 four modernizations (the modernization of agriculture, industry, national defense, and science and technology)

  四合院 courtyard dwellilngs; quadrangle dwellings

  手机入网费 mobile access fee

  手机入网费 initiation charges for mobile phone

  省会 provincial capital

  散户 retail / private investor

  刷卡,划卡 to punch the card; to stamp the card

  桑拿浴 sauna

  圣战(伊斯兰教徒对异教徒的战争) jihad

  甩卖 clearance sale; be on sale

  师兄弟 (senior and junior) fellow apprentice

  失恋 be disappointed in love; be jilted

  失学儿童 dropout

  扫盲 eliminate illiteracy

  扫尾工作 round-off work; wind-up work

  扫黄,打非 eliminate pornography and illegal publications

  狮子座 Leo

  施政纲领 administrative program

  双刃剑 double-edged sword

  双向选择 "two-way selection, referring to employer and employee choosing each other in a job market"

  双向选择 two-way choice (in employment practice)

  双学位 double degree

  双赢局面 win-win situation

  双职工 man and wife both at work; working couple

  双重轨制 two-tier system ; double-track system

  双重国籍 dual nationality

  森林覆盖率 forest coverage; percentage of forest cover

  谁言寸草心,报得三春晖 "Such kindness of warm sun, can't be repaid by grass. "

  水土流失 soil erosion

  水下导弹 submarine-based missiles

  水涨船高 When the river rises, the boat floats high.

  十一界三中全会 the Third Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party

  水墨画 Chinese brush drawing; ink and wash painting

  水货 smuggled goods

  杀手锏 sudden thrust of the mace--one's trump or master card

  时不我待 Time and tide wait for no man.

  杀鸡用牛刀 break a butterfly on the wheel

  刹住大吃大喝、公费旅游、铺张浪费的奢侈之风 put a stop to extravagance and waste (wining and dining of official guests,touring the country at public expenses)

  沙漠化 desertification

  食品卫生法 Food Hygiene Law of People's Republic of China

  沙尘暴 sand storm; dust storm

  实行股份制 enforce stockholding system

  实行国民待遇 grant the national treatment to

  实行计划生育、控制人口数量、提高人口素质 promotion of family planning to control the population size and improve the health of the people

  实事求是 seek truth from facts; be practical and realistic; be true to facts

  实时达帐 real-time account settlement

  实体经济 the real economy

  实现零的突破 "fulfil the zero (gold medal, medal, etc) breakthrough"

  实现小康目标 to achieve the goal of ensuring our people a relative comfortable life

  实现中华民族伟大复兴 bring about a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation

  说曹操,曹操到 Talk of the devil and he comes.

  实话实说 speak the plain truth; call a spade a spade; tell it as it is

  实践是检验真理的唯一标准 Practice is the sole criterion for testing truth.

  硕博联读 a continuous academic project that involves postgraduate and doctoral study

  思乡曲 Nostalgia

  思想僵铁 fossilized concept

  私人游资 mobile private capital

  私人企业 private enterprise

  私营企业 privately-run enterprise

  山姆大叔 Uncle Sam

  山不在高,有仙则名 "No matter how high the mountain is, its name will spread far and wide if there is a fairy; "

  司仪 MC (master of ceremonies)

  首期按揭 down-payment

  首次公开发行的股票 initial public offering (IPO)

  首创精神 pioneering spirit

  首航 maiden voyage (of an aircraft or ship)

  渗透、颠覆和分裂活动 infiltrative, subversive and splittist activities

  素质教育 education for all-around development

  树立企业良好形象 foster a good and healthy company image

  夙敌 "arch-rival

  涮羊肉 instant-boiled mutton

  《神曲》 Divine Comedy

  《生死抉择》 Live or Die

  《三国演义》 The Romance of the Three Kingdoms

  《水浒传》 Heroes of the Marshes; Water Margins

  《山海经》 the Classic of Mountains and Rivers

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