来源：网络 发布时间：2015-01-27 作者：上外口译培训
(西方的)三权分立 separation of executive, legislative, and judicial powers
(企业集团的)松散层 loose level (of an enterprise group)
<<史记>> Shi Ji
舍利子 Buddha's relics
世上无难事，只要肯攀登 "Where there is a will, there is a way. "
世外桃源 a fictitious land of peace away from the turmoil of the world;
酸雨 acid rain
死帐 uncollectible account, bad debt, bad loan
事业单位 public institution
摄政王 acting king; prince regent
枢纽工程 multi-purpose project or pivotal project
闪电战 blitz; lightning war
死而后已 until my heart stops beating
死机 system halted
世界观、人生观、价值观 world outlook; outlook on life; values
社区服务 community services
社会力量办学 running of schools by non-governmental sectors
社会效益 social effect/ results/ benefit
社会热点问题 hot spots of society
社会治安情况 public security situation
社会主义市场经济 socialist market economy
社会主义精神文明建设 socialist ideological and ethical progress
社会保障制度 social security system
社会福利彩票 social welfare lotteries
社会化服务体系 socialized service system; social service system
市盈率 p/e (price/earning) ratio
市政工程 municipal works; municipal engineering
市值 market capitalization
市场占有率 market share
市场疲软 sluggish market
市场饱和 market saturation; saturated market
市场准入 market access
市话 local calls
适龄儿童入学率 enrolment rate for children of school age
岁岁平安 Peace all year round
申诉权 right of petition
适销对路的产品 readily marketable products
适者生存 survival of the fittest
申办奥运会 bid for the Olympic Games
适度从紧的财政政策 moderately tight fiscal policy
上马 start a project
上门服务 door-to-door service
上新台阶 reach a new level; reach a higher stage of development
上市 to be listed
上市公司 listed companies
上山下乡 (of educated urban youth) go and work in the countryside or mountain areas
送温暖工程 heart-warming project
身外之物 worldly possessions
商务旅游 business travel
身体素质 physique; physical constitution
上网 to get on the Internet, surf the net
上有天堂，下有苏杭 "Just as there is paradise in heaven, ther are Suzhou and Hangzhou on earth."
商业网点 commodity network
商业炒作 commercial speculation
商业贷款 commercial loan
商业存在(服务贸易) commercial presence
商品条码 bar code
商品房空置的现象 the vacancy problem in commercial housing
商品经济 commodity economy
上岗 go to one's post; go on duty
上海五国第六次峰会 "the sixth summit of ""Shanghai Five"" "
上海五国机制 the Shanghai Five mechanism
上海合作组织 Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)
商检局 Commodity Inspection Bureau
深加工 deep processing; further processing
搜索引擎(计算机) search engine
神州行电话卡 Shenzhou pre-paid card
收视率 audience ratings; television viewing
审时度势 size up the situation
试用期 probationary period
收盘价 closing price
视频点播 video on demand (VOD)
试点工程 pilot project
试管婴儿 test-tube baby
收购兼并 merger and acquisition
生命银行 bank for keeping the donated organs and remains of dead persons for medical use
授信贷款 credit extension loan
授信额度 line of credit
少数服从多数、下级服从上级、局部服从全体、全党服从中央 "the minority is subordinate to the majority, the lower level to the higher level, the part to the whole and the entire membership of the Party to the Central Committee "
寿司 sushi, a Japanese dish of rolls of cold rice flavoured and garnished
塞翁失马，焉知非福 Misfortune may be an actual blessing.
生态林 ecological forest
生态农业 environmental-friendly agriculture
生意兴隆 Business flourishes
所有权经营权分离 separate ownership from managerial authority
所得税 income tax
售后服务 after-sale services
三民主义 the Three People's Principles (Nationalism, Democracy and the People's Livelihood) put forward by Dr. Sun Yat-sen
三连冠 three successive championships
三来一补企业 "the enterprises that process raw materials on clients' demands, assemble parts for the clients and process according to the clients' samples; or engage in compensation trade."
瘦肉精(盐酸克伦特罗) clenobuterol hydrochloride
三权分立 separation of the executive, legislative and judicial powers
三十而立 "A man should be independent at the age of thirty.
At thirty, a man should be able to think for himself."
三下乡 "a program under which officials, doctors, scientist and college students go to the countryside to spread scientific and literacy knowledge and offer medical service to farmers"
三通 "three direct links of trade, mail, and air and shipping services across the Taiwan Straits "
三通一平 "three supplies and one leveling; supply of water, electricity and road and leveled ground (conditions ready for further economic development)"
三维电影 three-dimensional movie
三维动画片 three-dimensional animation
三峡工程 Three Gorges Project
三无企业 "three-no-enterprises (It refers to enterprises with no capital, no plant, and no administrative structure.)"
受灾群众 people afflicted by a natural disaster
受灾地区 disaster-affected are
三陪 girls who provides illegal sexual services, esp. prostitute
三农问题 issues concerning agriculture, countryside and farmers
三八线 38th Parallel
三八红旗手 woman pace-setter
三产 tertiary industry
三步走战略 the three-step development strategy
三大作风 the Party's three important styles of work (integrating theory with practice, forging close links with the masses and practicing self-criticism)
三废(废气、废水、废渣) “three wastes”(waste gas, waste water and waste residues)
三个有利于 three favorables (whether it promotes the growth of the productive forces in a socialist society, increases the overall strenth of the socialist state and raises the people's living standards
三个代表 three represents theory (The Party should always represent the development needs of China's advanced social productive forces, always represent the onward direction of China's advanced culture, and always represent the fundamental interests of the largest member of the Chinese people.)
三高农业 "three highs" agriculture (high yield, high quality and high efficiency agriculture)
三好学生 merit student; three good student(good in study, attitude and health)
升级换代 updating and upgrading (of products)
三角恋爱 love triangle
三角债 chain debt
三讲教育(讲学习、讲政治、讲正气) three emphases education (to stress theoretical study, political awareness and good conduct)
数据通信 data communication
三资企业(中外合资企业,中外合作企业,外商独资企业) "three kinds of foreign-invested enterprises or ventures: Sino-foreign joint ventures, cooperative businesses and exclusively foreign-owned enterprises in China "
三自原则 principles of self-administration, self-support and self-propagation
数字地球 digital globe
三字经 three-character scripture
随行就市 prices fluctuating in response to market conditions
四书(《大学》、《中庸》、《论语》、《孟子》) The Four Books (The Great Learning, The Doctrine of the Mean, The Analects of Confucius, The Mencius)
四十不惑 Life begins at forty.
涉外经济 foreign-related business
四项基本原则 "the Four Cardinal Principles of adherence to the socialist road, the people's democratic dictatorship, the leadership of the Communist Party of China, and Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought"
四有新人 "new generation of people with lofty ideals, moral integrity, good education and a strong sense of discipline"
四大金刚 Four Heavenly Guardians at the entrance to a Buddhism temple; Four Devarajas
四个如何认识 (江泽民总书记在今年6月28日中央思想政治工作会议上发表的重要讲话中，提出并精辟阐述了如何认识社会主义发展的历史进程、如何认识资本主义发展的历史 进程、如何认识我国社会主义改革实践过程对人们思想的影响、如何认识当今的国际环境和国际政治斗争带来的影响等当前直接影响干部群众思想活动的重大问题.)
"In his important address to the Central Ideological and Political Work Conference on June 28 this year, Party General Secretary Jiang Zemin expounds on how to understand the historical process of socialist development; how to understand the historical process of capitalist development; how to understand the impact of China's socialist reform over the people's thinking; how to understand the impact of the current international environment and political struggle."
四个现代化 four modernizations (the modernization of agriculture, industry, national defense, and science and technology)
四合院 courtyard dwellilngs; quadrangle dwellings
手机入网费 mobile access fee
手机入网费 initiation charges for mobile phone
省会 provincial capital
散户 retail / private investor
刷卡,划卡 to punch the card; to stamp the card
甩卖 clearance sale; be on sale
师兄弟 (senior and junior) fellow apprentice
失恋 be disappointed in love; be jilted
扫盲 eliminate illiteracy
扫尾工作 round-off work; wind-up work
扫黄,打非 eliminate pornography and illegal publications
施政纲领 administrative program
双刃剑 double-edged sword
双向选择 "two-way selection, referring to employer and employee choosing each other in a job market"
双向选择 two-way choice (in employment practice)
双学位 double degree
双赢局面 win-win situation
双职工 man and wife both at work; working couple
双重轨制 two-tier system ; double-track system
双重国籍 dual nationality
森林覆盖率 forest coverage; percentage of forest cover
谁言寸草心，报得三春晖 "Such kindness of warm sun, can't be repaid by grass. "
水土流失 soil erosion
水下导弹 submarine-based missiles
水涨船高 When the river rises, the boat floats high.
十一界三中全会 the Third Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party
水墨画 Chinese brush drawing; ink and wash painting
水货 smuggled goods
杀手锏 sudden thrust of the mace--one's trump or master card
时不我待 Time and tide wait for no man.
杀鸡用牛刀 break a butterfly on the wheel
刹住大吃大喝、公费旅游、铺张浪费的奢侈之风 put a stop to extravagance and waste (wining and dining of official guests，touring the country at public expenses)
食品卫生法 Food Hygiene Law of People's Republic of China
沙尘暴 sand storm; dust storm
实行股份制 enforce stockholding system
实行国民待遇 grant the national treatment to
实行计划生育、控制人口数量、提高人口素质 promotion of family planning to control the population size and improve the health of the people
实事求是 seek truth from facts; be practical and realistic; be true to facts
实时达帐 real-time account settlement
实体经济 the real economy
实现零的突破 "fulfil the zero (gold medal, medal, etc) breakthrough"
实现小康目标 to achieve the goal of ensuring our people a relative comfortable life
实现中华民族伟大复兴 bring about a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation
说曹操,曹操到 Talk of the devil and he comes.
实话实说 speak the plain truth; call a spade a spade; tell it as it is
实践是检验真理的唯一标准 Practice is the sole criterion for testing truth.
硕博联读 a continuous academic project that involves postgraduate and doctoral study
思想僵铁 fossilized concept
私人游资 mobile private capital
私人企业 private enterprise
私营企业 privately-run enterprise
山姆大叔 Uncle Sam
山不在高，有仙则名 "No matter how high the mountain is, its name will spread far and wide if there is a fairy; "
司仪 MC (master of ceremonies)
首次公开发行的股票 initial public offering (IPO)
首创精神 pioneering spirit
首航 maiden voyage (of an aircraft or ship)
渗透、颠覆和分裂活动 infiltrative, subversive and splittist activities
素质教育 education for all-around development
树立企业良好形象 foster a good and healthy company image
涮羊肉 instant-boiled mutton
《神曲》 Divine Comedy
《生死抉择》 Live or Die
《三国演义》 The Romance of the Three Kingdoms
《水浒传》 Heroes of the Marshes; Water Margins
《山海经》 the Classic of Mountains and Rivers