胡景涛为十八大提十一大要点(中英文对照)

来源:上外培训网   发布时间:2012-11-16   作者:上外培训网

 

 

  中国共产党第十八次全国代表大会11月8日上午在北京人民大会堂隆重举行。胡锦涛向大会作题为《坚定不移沿着中国特色社会主义道路前进 为全面建成小康社会而奋斗》的报告。

  BEIJING, Nov. 8 (Xinhua) -- Chinese leader Hu Jintao delivered a report on Thursday at the opening of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC). The following are key quotes from his report:

  一、科学发展观

  On Scientific Outlook on Development

  总结十年奋斗历程,最重要的就是我们坚持以马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想、邓小平理论、“三个代表”重要思想为指导,于推进实践基础上的理论创新,围绕坚持和发展中国特色社会主义提出一系列紧密相连、相互贯通的新思想、新观点、新论断,形成和贯彻了科学发展观。

  -- The most important achievement in our endeavors in the past ten years is that we have formed the Scientific Outlook on Development and put it into practice.

  科学发展观对新形势下实现什么样的发展、怎样发展等重大问题作出了新的科学回答,把我们对中国特色社会主义规律的认识提高到新的水平,开辟了当代中国马克思主义发展新境界。

  -- This theory provides new scientific answers to the major questions of what kind of development China should achieve in a new environment and how the country should achieve it.

  科学发展观同马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想、邓小平理论、“三个代表”重要思想一道,是党必须长期坚持的指导思想。

  -- Together with Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important thought of Three Represents, the Scientific Outlook on Development is the theoretical guidance the Party must adhere to for a long time.

  二、中国特色社会主义

  On socialism with Chinese characteristics

  胡锦涛同志在十八大报告中强调,坚定不移走中国特色社会主义道路,夺取中国特色社会主义新胜利。

  -- We must unswervingly follow the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

  建设中国特色社会主义,总依据是社会主义初级阶段,总布局是五位一体,总任务是实现社会主义现代化和中华民族伟大复兴。

  -- Our overall approach is to promote economic, political, cultural, social, and ecological progress, and our general task is to achieve socialist modernization and the great renewal of the Chinese nation.

  三、全面建成小康社会

  On building moderately prosperous society

  我们要准确判断重要战略机遇期内涵和条件的变化,全面把握机遇,沉着应对挑战,赢得主动,赢得优势,赢得未来,确保到二0二0年实现全面建成小康社会宏伟目标。

  -- We need to have a correct understanding of the changing nature and conditions of this period, seize all opportunities, respond with cool-headedness to challenges, and gain initiative and advantages to win the future and attain the goal of completing the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects by 2020.

  综观国际国内大势,我国发展仍处于可以大有作为的重要战略机遇期。

  -- An examination of both the current international and domestic environments shows that China remains in an important period of strategic opportunities for its development, a period in which much can be achieved.

  经济持续健康发展。转变经济发展方式取得重大进展,在发展平衡性、协调性、可持续性明显增强的基础上,实现国内生产总值和城乡居民人均收入比二0一0年翻一番。

  -- On the basis of making China's development much more balanced, coordinated and sustainable, we should double its 2010 GDP and per capita income for both urban and rural residents.

  胡锦涛指出,全面建成小康社会,必须以更大的政治勇气和智慧,不失时机深化重要领域改革,坚决破除一切妨碍科学发展的思想观念和体制机制弊端,构建系统完备、科学规范、运行有效的制度体系,使各方面制度更加成熟更加定型。

  -- To complete the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects, we must, with greater political courage and vision, lose no time in deepening reform in key sectors and resolutely discard all notions and systems that hinder efforts to pursue development in a scientific way.

  四、加快转变经济发展方式

  On economy

  以经济建设为中心是兴国之要,发展仍是解决我国所有问题的关键。

  -- Taking economic development as the central task is vital to national renewal, and development still holds the key to addressing all the problems we have in China.

  经济体制改革的核心问题是处理好政府和市场的关系,必须更加尊重市场规律,更好发挥政府作用。

  -- The underlying issue we face in economic structural reform is how to strike a balance between the role of the government and that of the market, and we should follow more closely the rules of the market and better play the role of the government.

  要牢牢把握扩大内需这一战略基点,加快建立扩大消费需求长效机制,扩大国内市场规模。

  -- We should firmly maintain the strategic focus of boosting domestic demand, speed up the establishment of a long-term mechanism for increasing consumer demand, unleash the potential of individual consumption, increase investment at a proper pace, and expand the domestic market.

  推动城乡发展一体化。解决好农业农村农民问题是全党工作重中之重,城乡发展一体化是解决“三农”问题的根本途径。要加大统筹城乡发展力度,促进城乡共同繁荣。

  -- We should give high priority to rural areas in developing infrastructure and social programs in the country.

  五、推进政治体制改革

  On political structure reform

  必须继续积极稳妥推进政治体制改革,发展更加广泛、更加充分、更加健全的人民民主。

  -- We must continue to make both active and prudent efforts to carry out the reform of the political structure, and make people's democracy more extensive, fuller in scope and sounder in practice.

  要把制度建设摆在突出位置,充分发挥我国社会主义政治制度优越性,积极借鉴人类政治文明有益成果,绝不照搬西方政治制度模式。

  -- We should place high importance on systemic building, give full play to the strength of the socialist political system and draw on the political achievements of other societies. However, we will never copy a Western political system.

  六、加强社会建设

  On improving people's wellbeing

  解决好人民最关心最直接最现实的利益问题,在学有所教、劳有所得、病有所医、老有所养、住有所居上持续取得新进展,努力让人民过上更好生活。

  -- We should keep making progress in ensuring that all the people enjoy their rights to education, employment, medical and old-age care, and housing so that they will lead a better life.

  七、大力推进生态文明建设

  On ecological progress

  面对资源约束趋紧、环境污染严重、生态系统退化的严峻形势,必须树立尊重自然、顺应自然、保护自然的生态文明理念,把生态文明建设放在突出地位,融入经济建设、政治建设、文化建设、社会建设各方面和全过程,努力建设美丽中国,实现中华民族永续发展。

  -- We must give high priority to making ecological progress and incorporate it into all aspects and the whole process of advancing economic, political, cultural, and social progress, work hard to build a beautiful country, and achieve lasting and sustainable development of the Chinese nation.

  八、推进国防和军队现代化

  On military modernization

  建设与我国国际地位相称、与国家安全和发展利益相适应的巩固国防和强大军队,是我国现代化建设的战略任务。

  -- Building strong national defense and powerful armed forces that are commensuratewith China's international standing and meet the needs of its security and development interests is a strategic task of China's modernization drive.

  与时俱进加强军事战略指导,高度关注海洋、太空、网络空间安全,积极运筹和平时期军事力量运用,不断拓展和深化军事斗争准备,提高以打赢信息化条件下局部战争能力为核心的完成多样化军事任务能力。

  -- We should attach great importance to maritime, space and cyberspace security. We should make active planning for the use of military forces in peacetime, expand and intensify military preparedness, and enhance the capability to accomplish a wide range of military tasks, the most important of which is to win local war in an information age.

  九、推进祖国统一

  On Taiwan

  对台湾任何政党,只要不主张“台独”、认同一个中国,我们都愿意同他们交往、对话、合作。

  -- We are ready to conduct exchanges, dialogue and cooperation with any political party in Taiwan as long as it does not seek Taiwan independence and recognizes the one-China principle.

  希望双方共同努力,探讨国家尚未统一特殊情况下的两岸政治关系,作出合情合理安排。

  -- We hope that the two sides will jointly explore cross-Straits political relations and make reasonable arrangements for them under the special condition that the country is yet to be reunified.

  商谈建立两岸军事安全互信机制,稳定台海局势;协商达成两岸和平协议,开创两岸关系和平发展新前景。

  -- We hope the two sides will discuss the establishment of a cross-Straits military security confidence-building mechanism to maintain stability in their relations and reach a peace agreement through consultation so as to open a new horizon in advancing the peaceful growth of these relations.

  十、促进人类和平与发展

  On foreign affairs

  中国将始终不渝走和平发展道路,坚定奉行独立自主的和平外交政策。

  -- China will unswervingly follow the path of peaceful development and firmly pursue an independent foreign policy of peace.

  我们坚决维护国家主权、安全、发展利益,决不会屈服于任何外来压力。

  -- We are firm in our resolve to uphold China's sovereignty, security and development interests and will never yield to any outside pressure.

  我们根据事情本身的是非曲直决定自己的立场和政策,秉持公道,伸张正义。

  -- We will decide our position and policy on an issue on its own merits and work to uphold fairness and justice.

  中国主张和平解决国际争端和热点问题,反对动辄诉诸武力或以武力相威胁,反对颠覆别国合法政权,反对一切形式的恐怖主义。

  -- China is committed to peaceful settlement of international disputes and hotspot issues, opposes the wanton use of force or threat to use it, opposes any foreign attempt to subvert the legitimate government of any other countries, and opposes terrorism in all its manifestations.

  中国反对各种形式的霸权主义和强权政治,永远不称霸,永远不搞扩张。

  -- China opposes hegemonism and power politics in all their forms and will never seek hegemony or engage in expansion.

  十一、提高党的建设科学化水平

  On Party building

  反对腐败、建设廉洁政治,是党一贯坚持的鲜明政治立场,是人民关注的重大政治问题。这个问题解决不好,就会对党造成致命伤害,甚至亡党亡国。

  -- Combating corruption and promoting political integrity, which is a major political issue of great concern to the people, is a clear-cut and long-term political commitment of the Party. If we fail to handle this issue well, it could prove fatal to the Party, and even cause the collapse of the Party and the fall of the state.

  各级党组织和广大党员、干部特别是主要领导干部一定要自觉遵守党章,自觉按照党的组织原则和党内政治生活准则办事,任何人都不能凌驾于组织之上。要坚决维 护中央权威,在思想上政治上行动上同党中央保持高度一致,坚决贯彻党的理论和路线方针政策。加强监督检查,严肃党的纪律特别是政治纪律,形成全党上下步调 一致、奋发进取的强大力量。

  -- Leading officials at all levels, especially high-ranking officials, must readily observe the code of conduct on clean governance and report all important matters. They should both exercise strict self-discipline and strengthen education and supervision over their families and their staff; and they should never seek any privilege.

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