2014年3月高级口译真题与答案:阅读理解(1)

来源:上外培训网   发布时间:2015-03-06   作者:

  此处词汇理解题:解释take the rap。

  That art market pretends that great artists are inimitable, and that this inimitability justifies the often absurd prices their work commands. Most famous artists are good: that is not in question. But as forgers like van Meegeren and Pei-Shen Qian, the painter who turned out Ms Rosales’s Rothkos and Pollocks, show, they are very imitable indeed. If they were not, the distinction between original and knock-off would always be obvious. As Ms Rosales’s customers have found, no doubt to their chagrin, it isn’t.

  艺术品市场称伟大的艺术家都是独一无二的,而这种不可模仿性使得他们的作品都贵得离谱。大多数著名的艺术家都很优秀,这一点毋庸置疑。但像伪造者凡·米格 伦和为罗萨莱斯女士伪造罗斯科和波洛克画作的钱培琛,他们的存在证明了这些艺术家是可以被模仿的。如果不是的话,那真品和赝品之间的差别就会十分明显。罗萨莱斯女士的顾客就没有发现其中的区别,难怪事后他们懊恼不已。

  此处句子理解题,解释黑体字部分。chagrin: 懊悔,懊恼。

  If the purchasers of great art were buying paintings only for their beauty, they would be content to display fine fakes on their walls. The fury and embarrassment caused by the exposure of a forger suggests this is not so.

  如果购买者纯粹是因为欣赏画作的美而去购买它,那么即使是把假画挂在自家墙上也会心满意足。但伪造者的曝光所引起的愤怒和尴尬说明了情况并非如此。

  Expensive pictures are primarily what economists call positional goods—things that are valuable largely because other people can’t have them. The painting on the wall, or the sculpture in the garden, is intended to say as much about its owner’s bank balance as about his taste. With most kit a higher price reduces demand. But art, sports cars and fine wine invert the laws of economics. When the good that is really being purchased is evidence that the buyer has forked out a bundle, price spikes cause demand to boom.

  名贵的画作被经济学家称为地位性商品——这类商品昂贵的价值很大程度是因为其他人无法拥有。不管是墙上的名画,还是花园里的雕塑,都彰显着其主人的品位和财富。大多数情况下,价格越高,需求就会越少。但是艺术品,跑车和名酒却打破了这一经济学定律。当真正被买下的商品能证明买家的确是花了大手笔时,那么价 格的上涨反而会使需求猛增。

  All this makes the scarcity and authenticity that underpin lofty valuations vital. Artists forget this at their peril: Damien Hirst’s spot pictures, for instance, plummeted in value when it became clear that they had been produced in quantities so vast nobody knew quite how many were out there, and when the market lost faith in a mass-production process whose connection with the original artist was, to say the least, tenuous.

  这个现象说明了商品稀缺性和真实性的重要性。正因为此,艺术品的价格才会持续居高不下。艺术家若忽视这一点,便会自尝苦果。例如,当达明安·赫斯特 (DamienHirst)的现场画作被大批量生产时,其价格直跌。市场对批量生产过程失去了信心,至少可以说,这样生产出来的作品和原创者的联系不再紧密。

  Ms Rosales’s career is thus a searing social commentary on a business which purports to celebrate humanity’s highest culture but in which names are more important than aesthetics and experts cannot tell the difference between an original and a fake. Unusual, authentic, full of meaning—her life itself is surely art, even if the paintings were not.

  罗萨莱斯女士的一生无非是对艺术行业的嘲讽。这个行业声称颂扬人类最崇高的文化,但艺术家的名字却比美感更重要,而专家却连真品和赝品都无法区别开来。即使罗萨莱斯女士出售的画作不是真正的艺术品,但她的一生,不同寻常、万般真实且意义深刻,充满了艺术性。

 

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