【高级口译真题】2011年9月高级口译听力spot dictation文本及点评

来源:上外培训网   发布时间:2013-01-06   作者:上外培训网

   无论是任何考试,历年考试真题永远是考试的风向标,通过对真题的研究,可以发现考试的一些规律。下面是2011年9月份高级口译证书考试,听力部分的文本及点评,仅供各位考生参考:

   What’s in a surname? You may ask. A new website project has been released, that helps you locate your past. Have you ever wondered why your ancestors gathered where they did, or where others with your surname live now. A research project investigating the distribution of surnames in Britain answers these questions. And another study has found the surnames are still extremely regional.

  Smith, for example, remains the most common surname in Britain, used by more than half a million people. It has exactly the same concentration it always did in Lerwick, in the Scottish Shetland Islands. Jones is the No. 2 surname, and is the most common among hill farmers in north Wales.

  The data used for this project comes partly from electoral register. A number of other files are held by Ex-pairing, which is probably Britain's largest collector of data about individuals.

  There're some of us who are fairly predictable. Campbell, for example, as you might expect, is somewhat concentrated in the northern parts of Scotland, and it appears really bizarre to be found somewhere else.

  Well, with 25, 000 names as difficult to generalize, what you can do is put them in general categories, if, for example, you look at names which are people's work. Like the name, Webber, you might find it is much more common in the Midlands than in the south of England. If you go to Wales, most people get their names from their ancestors and in Yorkshire for example, a lot of people have names based on the places that they originally lived in or at least their ancestors did.

  Well, we only have 25, 000 names on this website, but there're another 50, 000 names now found in Britain and they're particularly interesting, for they are non-British names. Most British names are fairly common and about what we can now do as such is look for the frequency of all names from different parts of the world and different faiths, religions and languages. And what there is in names is actually extremely useful for researchers in anthropology and sociology may find a lot about different immigrant groups and their descendants now living in this country.

  上外口译培训评析:

  这篇章通过对不列颠姓氏分布情况的分析,谈论了关于姓氏的话题。下面是这篇听力文章出现的一些关键词,供各位考生参考。

  distribution n. 分布

  concentration n. 集中,密度

  electoral register 选民登记册

  individual n. 个人

  predictable adj. 可预测的

  bizarre adj. 奇怪的

  generalize v. 概括 总结

  frequency n. 频率

  anthropology n. 人类学

  descendant n. 后代

 

  上外少年基础口译、中高级口译培训招生简章

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