口译词汇大全—近年热门话题相关词汇(3)

来源:上外培训网   发布时间:2013-01-28   作者:上外培训网

  想做好口译,各行各业的知识都要有所了解,为此上外培训网特整理了各行各业的词汇,供各位有志于从事专业口译的读者以及对各行业有兴趣的读者参考:

  卡丁车 kart

  开发一代,储存一带,预研一代 (产品) to develop this generation of products while researching on the next generation of products

  开放式基金 open-ended fund

  开工不足 enterprises running under their production capacity

  开工典礼 commencement ceremony

  开后门under-the-counter deals; offer advantages to one's friends or relatives by underhand means

  开题报告 opening speech; opening report, thesis proposal

  开小灶 give special favor

  开夜车 burn the midnight oil; work over night

  看跌/看涨期权 put / call option

  看守政府, 看守内阁,过渡政府 caretaker cabinet

  抗震棚 quake-proof shelter

  考研 take part in the entrance exams for postgraduate schools

  考研热 the craze for graduate school

  科技成果转化为生产力 transfer of scientific and technological achievements

  科技含量 technology content

  科技是第一生产力 Science and technology constitute a primary productive force.

  科教兴国 rely on science and education to rejuvenate the nation

  科研攻关 scientific research and tackle the key research project

  可持续发展战略 strategy of sustainable development

  可转换债券convertible bond

  刻录机 CD writer; disc-carving machine

  空头支票 accommodation note, lip service

  空中小姐 air hostess; air stewardess

  控股公司 holding company

  口蹄疫 foot-and-mouth disease

  扣帽子 put a label on

  跨世纪工程 a trans-century project

  跨越式发展 great-leap-forward development

  快速反应部队 rapid response force

  快讯 news flash; flash

  宽带接入 broadband access

  宽带网 broadband networks

  宽限期 grace period

  亏损企业 enterprises running in the red/under deficit

  困难职工 the needy

  扩大内需 to expand domestic demand

  垃圾债券 junk bond

  拉动经济增长 fuel economic growth

  拉关系 try to curry favor with

  拉拉队 cheering squad

  拉拉队长 cheer-leader, rooter king

  拉尼娜现象 La Nina phenomenon

  来电显示电话机 caller ID telephone

  来料加工 process materials supplied by clients; accept customers' materials for processing

  蓝筹股 blue chips

  劳动合同制 labor contract system

  老少边穷地区 former revolutionary base areas, areas inhabited by minority nationalities, remote and border areas and poverty-stricken areas

  老生常谈,陈词滥调 cut and dried

  老字号 an old and famous shop or enterprise

  篱笆墙 barriers/ blockage to inter-regional trading

  礼尚往来 Courtesy calls for reciprocity.

  礼仪小姐 ritual girl

  理货公司 tally company

  立体农业 three-dimensional agriculture

  利改税 substitution of tax payment for profit delivery

  利好因素 wrinkle

  利基 niche

  连带责任 joint liability

  联产承包责任制 system of contracted responsibility linking remuneration to output; contract system with remuneration linked to output

  联合国会费 the UN membership dues

  联合兼并 conglomeration and merger of enterprises

  联合联络小组 joint liaison group

  联合投标 syndicated tender

  联想集团 Legend Group

  廉洁奉公,以正治国 (of an official) clean and devoted, and govern the state with his own example of uprightness

  廉政、勤政、务实、高效政府 an honest, diligent, pragmatic and efficient government

  廉政建设 construction of a clean and honest administration

  练摊 to be a vendor

  良性循环 virtuous circle

  粮食收购部门 (government's) grain procurement (purchasing) agencies

  粮油关系:grain and oil rationing registration

  两岸直航促进会 Association for Promotion of Cross-Straits Direct Transportation

  两弹一艇 A-bomb, H-bomb and nuclear-powered submarine

  两个对等的政治实体 "two equal political entities

  两个文明一起抓 place equal emphasis on material and ethical progress

  两手抓两手都要硬 We must address ourselves to the problem of both material and spiritual civilization(both material as well as culture and ideological progress) without any letup.

  两思(致富思源,富而思进) to think of the source of getting rich and of making progress after becoming affluence

  两院院士academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering

  劣等品shoddy goods; substandard goods

  猎头公司 head-hunting company

  临时主教练 caretaker coach

  零配件 spare and accessory parts

  领头羊 bellwether

  流动人口 transient population

  流动图书馆 traveling library; bookmobile

  留得青山在,不怕没柴烧 Where there is life, there is hope.

  留学咨询:consulting on the study abroad

  留职停薪 retain the job but suspend the salary

  龙头老大 leading enterprise; flagship of the industry

  路演road show

  旅行结婚 have a honeymoon trip

  绿地覆盖率 forest coverage rate

  绿化 afforestation

  绿色急救通道 emergency green path

  绿色食品 green food

  乱集资、乱摊派、乱收费 unwarranted pooling of funds, arbitrary requisition of donations and exaction of fees from enterprises

  乱收费、乱摊派、乱罚款 arbitrary charges, fund-raising quotas and fines

  论文答辩 (thesis) oral defense

  裸机bare mobile phone

  马拉松式竞选活动 campaignathon

  马路菜场入室工程 the project to build indoor free market to accommodate street vegetable vendors

  马太效应 the Matthew effect (A phenomenon in specific circles whereby one's accomplishments and reputation tend to snowball, and those with meager accomplishments have greater difficulty achieving accomplishments. )

  买一送一 two-for-one offer, buy one get one free

  满意度 degree of satisfaction

  盲流和倒流人员 transient from the countryside

  冒充包装(销售)[指将劣质商品包装成外观像名优产品出售的做法] copycat packaging

  帽子戏法 hat trick

  每逢佳节倍思亲 On festive occasions more than ever one thinks of one's dear ones far away./ It is on the festival occasions when one misses his dear most.

  美声唱法 bel canto

  美食节 gourmet festival

  门户网站 portals

  门前三包 be responsible for general sanitation, green covering and keeping good social order in a designated area outside the unit building

  朦胧诗 misty poetry

  蒙古包 (Mongolian) yurt

  蒙古大夫 quack

  孟子 Mencius

  民办教师 teachers in rural schools who do not receive the normal remuneration from the government

  民工潮 farmers' frenzied hunt for work in cities

  民进党 Democratic Progressive Party

  民主党派、工商联与无党派人士 non-Communist parties, federations of industry and commerce, personages without party affiliation

  民族国家 nation state

  民族凝聚力 national cohesion

  民族委员会 ethnic affairs commission

  民族文化大省 a province with rich ethnic culture

  明明白白消费(2000年保护消费者权益工作主题)transparent consumption

  模拟测试 mock test; simulated exam

  磨洋工 dawdle along

  莫失良机 make hay while the sun shines

  目标管理 management by objectives

  内耗 in-fighting

  内环路 inner ring road

  内联企业 enterprises with internal connections

  纳米 nanometer

  耐用消费品 durable consumer items (goods)

  男高音演唱家 tenorist

  男权主义思想 male chauvinism

  南水北调工程 divert water from the south to the north project

  难得糊涂 Where ignorance is bliss, it's folly to be wise.

  囊括 complete a sweep

  闹情绪 be disgruntled; be in a fit of pique

  能官能民 be ready to both serve as an official and be one of the common people

  能进能出,能上能下competent to work both at the top and at the grass roots

  能上网的手机 WAP phone

  泥菩萨过河 like a clay Buddha fording the river-hardly able to save oneself; each one is looking out for his own survival

  年同比 year-on-year; on an annual basis

  年夜饭 family reunion dinner

  扭转局面 reverse the tide, turn the table

  农村剩余劳动力 surplus rural labor (laborers)

  农工商联合企业 agro-industrial-commercial combines

  偶像 idol

  派出所 local police station

  跑龙套 utility man, play a bit role, general handyman

  泡沫经济 bubble economy

  配股 allotment of shares

  配套政策 supporting policies

  棚户 shacks; family that live in shacks

  碰钉子 get snubbed

  碰头会 brief meeting ( A brief, small-scale, informal meeting with no fixed agenda, the main purpose of which is to exchange information.)

  皮包公司 bogus company

  疲软股票 soft stock

  啤酒肚 beer belly

  骗汇、逃汇、套汇 obtain foreign currency and false pretenses, not turn over foreign currency owed to the government and illegal arbitrage

  票贩子 scalper, ticket tout

  票房 box office

  贫富悬殊 polarization of rich and poor

  贫铀弹 depleted uranium bomb

  平均主义 equalitarianism

  平面设计师 graphic designer

  平时不烧香,临时抱佛脚 never burn incense when all is well, but clasp Buddha's feet when in distress

  评头论足 nit-pick

  瓶颈制约 “bottleneck” restrictions

  扑网(体) rush-up, rushing

  普选制 general election system

  期房 forward delivery housing

  骑警 horseback police

  旗袍 cheong-sam; Chi-pao

  企业孵化器 enterprise incubator

  企业集团的松散层 loose level (of an enterprise group)

  企业文化 corporate culture

  起跑器 block

  洽谈会 fair, meeting

  千禧婴儿 millennium infant; millennium baby

  强化班 intensive training program/class

  抢跑 false start, beat the gun

  敲竹杠make somebody pay through the nose; put the lug on; rob by a trick

  切入点 point of penetration; breakthrough point

  亲民党 People First Party

  勤工俭学 part-work and part-study system; work-study program

  轻轨火车 light rail train

  清明节 Qingming Festival/ Pure Brightness Festival/ Tomb Sweeping Day

  清算/结算 clearing /settlement

  情感消费 emotional consumption

  情有独钟 show special preference (favor) to …

  区位商业 location-based commerce

  屈体 jackknife, pike

  圈外人士 people out of the loop

  全方位外交 multi-faceted diplomacy

  全国卫生城市 National Hygienic City

  全景电影 cinepanoramic

  全面实施以德育为核心、以创新精神和实践能力为重点的素质教育 carry on the quality education centering on moral education and emphasizing creativity and practice

  全民健身计划纲要 outline of the nationwide body-building plan

  全能冠军 all-around winner

  全球定位系统 global positioning system (GPS)

  全球通 global system for mobile communications

  全天候飞机 all-weather aircraft

  全天候服务round-the-clock service

  全优工程 all-round excellent project

  权贵资本主义(又译裙带资本主义或亲朋好友资本主义) crony capitalism

  拳头产品 flagship products; competitive products; knock-out products; blockbuster

  裙带风 nepotism; petticoat influence

  裙带关系 networking through petticoat influence

  群言堂 allow everybody to air his view; let everyone have his say; speak one's mind freely

  燃油附加税 bunker surcharge

  染指 reap undeserved profit from; encroach upon

  绕圈子 beat around the bush

  热岛效应 tropical island effect

  人才流失brain drain

  人浮于事 overstaffing

  人工智能 artificial intelligence(AI)

  人海战术 huge-crowd strategy

  人机交互 human-computer interaction

  人际交往 human communication

  人均住房 per-capita housing

  人口负增长 negative population growth (NPG)

  人类免疫缺陷病毒Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV)

  人情债 debt of gratitude

  认股权证 warrant

  任意球 free kick

  日本协力银行 Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC)

  融资渠道 financing channels

  入水时水花很少 clean entry

  软新闻 soft news

  软着陆 soft landing

  塞翁失马,焉知非福 Misfortune may be an actual blessing.

  三八红旗手 woman pace-setter

  三步走战略 the three-step development strategy

  三大作风 the Party's three important styles of work (integrating theory with practice, forging close links with the masses and practicing self-criticism)

  三个代表 "three represents" theory (The Party should always represent the development needs of China's advanced social productive forces, always represent the onward direction of China's advanced culture, and always represent the fundamental interests of the largest member of the Chinese people.)

  三个有利于 "three favorables" (whether it promotes the growth of the productive forces in a socialist society, increases the overall strength of the socialist state and raises the people's living standards

  三好学生 merit student; three good student (good in study, attitude and health)

  三讲教育(讲学习、讲政治、讲正气) "three emphases" education (to stress theoretical study, political awareness and good conduct)

  三角恋爱 love triangle

  三角债 chain debts

  三来一补企业 the enterprises that process raw materials on clients' demands, assemble parts for the clients and process according to the clients' samples; or engage in compensation trade.

  三连冠 three successive championships

  三十而立 A man should be independent at the age of thirty. / At thirty, a man should be able to think for himself.

  三通 three direct links of trade, mail, and air and shipping services across the Taiwan Straits

  三通一平 "three supplies and one leveling"; supply of water, electricity and road and leveled ground (conditions ready for further economic development)

  三维电影 three-dimensional movie

  三维动画片 three-dimensional animation

  三无企业 three-no-enterprises (It refers to enterprises with no capital, no plant, and no administrative structure.)

  三下乡 a program under which officials, doctors, scientist and college students go to the countryside to spread scientific and literacy knowledge and offer medical service to farmers

  三资企业 foreign-invested enterprises: Sino-foreign joint ventures(中外合资企业), cooperative businesses (中外合作企业) and exclusively foreign-owned enterprises in China(外商独资企业)

  三字经 three-character scripture

  散户 retail / private investor

  桑那浴 sauna

  扫黄、打非eliminate pornography and illegal publications

  扫尾工作 round-off work; wind-up work

  杀手锏 sudden thrust of the mace--one's trump or master card

  沙尘暴sand storm; dust storm

  山不在高,有仙则名;No matter how high the mountain is, its name will spread far and wide if there is a fairy;

  商检局 Commodity Inspection Bureau

  商品房空置的现象 the vacancy problem in commercial housing

  商品条码 bar code

  上山下乡 (of educated urban youth) go and work in the countryside or mountain areas

  上市 to be listed

  上网 to get on the Internet

  上有天堂,下有苏杭 Just as there is paradise in heaven, there are Suzhou and Hangzhou on earth.

  少数服从多数、下级服从上级、局部服从全体、全党服从中央 the minority is subordinate to the majority, the lower level to the higher level, the part to the whole and the entire membership of the Party to the Central Committee

  社会热点问题 hot spots of society

  社会治安情况 public security situation, law-and-order situation

  涉外经济 foreign-related business

  申办奥运会 bid for the Olympic Games

  身体素质 physique; physical constitution

  神州行电话卡 Shenzhou pre-paid card

  审时度势 size up the situation

  渗透、颠覆和分裂活动 infiltrative, subversive and splittist activities

  生态农业 environmental-friendly agriculture

  失恋 be disappointed in love; be jilted

  失学儿童 dropout

  师兄弟 (senior and junior) fellow apprentice

  时不我待 Time and tide wait for no man.

  实话实说 speak the plain truth; call a spade a spade

  实践是检验真理的唯一标准 Practice is the sole criterion for testing truth.

  实体经济 the real economy

  实现零的突破 fulfill the zero (gold medal, medal, etc) breakthrough

  实现小康目标 to achieve the goal of ensuring our people a relatively comfortable life, attain the goal of building a well-off society

  实现中华民伟大复兴 bring about a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation

  实行国民待遇 grant the national treatment to

  实行计划生育、控制人口数量、提高人口素质 promotion of family planning to control the population size and improve the health of the people

  食品卫生法 Food Hygiene Law of People's Republic of China

  史记 Shi Ji/ Historical Records

  世界观、人生观、价值观 world outlook; outlook on life; values

  市场疲软 sluggish market

  市场准入 market access

  市盈率p/e (price/earning) ratio

  市值 market capitalization

  事业单位 public institution

  试用期 probationary period

  适度从紧的财政政策 moderately tight financial policy

  适销对路的产品  readily marketable products

  适者生存survival of the fittest

  收购兼并M&A (merger and acquisition)

  收入 invisible income; off-payroll income; side money

  收视率 audience ratings; television viewing

  手机入网费 mobile access fee

  首创精神 pioneering spirit

  首航 maiden voyage (of an aircraft or ship)

  首期按揭 down-payment

  受灾地区 disaster-affected are

  售后服务 after-sale services

  授信额度 line of credit

  树立企业良好形象 foster a good and healthy company image

  刷卡, 划卡 to punch the card; to stamp the card

  甩卖 clearance sale; be on sale

  涮羊肉 instant-boiled mutton

  双刃剑 double-edged sword

  双向选择 two-way selection, referring to employer and employee choosing each other in a job market

  水货 smuggled goods

  水墨画 Chinese brush drawing; ink and wash painting

  硕博联读 a continuous academic project that involves postgraduate and doctoral study

  司仪 MC (master of ceremonies)

  思乡曲 Nostalgia

  思想僵铁 fossilized concept

  死机 system halted

  四大金刚 Four Heavenly Guardians at the entrance to a Buddhism temple; Four Devarajas

  四个如何认识 (江泽民提出并阐述的如何认识社会主义发展的历史进程、如何认识资本主义发展的历史进程、如何认识我国社会主义改革实践过程对人们思想的影响、如何认识当今的国际环境和国际政治斗争带来的影响等当前直接影响干部群众思想活动的重大问题.) In his important address to the Central Ideological and Political Work Conference, Party General Secretary Jiang Zemin expounds on how to understand the historical process of socialist development; how to understand the historical process of capitalist development; how to understand the impact of China's socialist reform over the people's thinking; how to understand the impact of the current international environment and political struggle.

  四十不惑 Life begins at forty.

  四项基本原则 the Four Cardinal Principles of adherence to the socialist road, the people's democratic dictatorship, the leadership of the Communist Party of China, and Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought

  素质教育 education for all-around development, quality-oriented education

  随行就市 prices fluctuating in response to market conditions

  台独 'independence of Taiwan'

  台湾当局 Taiwan authorities

  台湾是中国领土不可分割的一部分。Taiwan is an inalienable part of the Chinese territory.

  台湾同胞 Taiwan compatriots

  抬杠 argue for the sake of arguing; bicker

  太空步 moonwalk

  摊牌put/lay one’s card on the table

  谈判的筹码 bargain chip

  逃票 to sneak through without a ticket

  逃票者 ticket evader

  陶冶情操 cultivate one's taste (temperament)

  套利 arbitrage

  特别提款权 special drawing rights (SDR; SDRs) ; paper gold

  特技演员stunt man; stand-in

  特色电话机 feature phone

  特许税franchise tax

  提高农产品收购价格 the government's increase in its procurement prices (for farm products)

  替身演员 stunt man/woman; stand-in

  跳槽 job-hopping

  跳槽者job-hopper

  跳进黄河洗不清eve if one jumped into the Yellow River, one can not wash oneself clean--there's nothing one can do to clear one's name

  跳蚤市场 flea market

  铁饭碗 iron rice bowl

  铁哥们 faithful pal;buddies;sworn friend

  铁血宰相 iron-and-blood prime minister

  厅长 head of a department (under a provincial government)

  通存通兑 the banking procedure where deposits and withdrawals are processed at any branch bank

  通货紧缩 deflation (of currency)

  同等学力 have the same educational level (as the regular graduate or student of certain academic qualification)

  同等学力申请硕士学位统考 general examination for applicants with education background equivalent to college graduates for master's degree

  同乡会 an association of fellow provincials or townsmen

  统筹安排 comprehensive arrangement

  统一市场 single market

  统一税 flat tax, consolidated tax

  筒子楼 tube-shaped apartment

  偷渡者stowaway

  偷税、骗税、逃税、抗税 tax evasion, tax fraud, and refusal to pay taxes

  偷税漏税 tax evasion

  头号种子选手 No.1 seed (player); top seed

  投手 pitcher

  透过现象看本质 see through the appearance to perceive the essence

  土地沙化 desertification of land; desert encroachment

  团身 bunch up the body

  推广科研成果 turning laboratory achievements into commercial/mass production; commercialization of laboratory achievements

  退耕还林还草 grain for green

  脱口秀 talk show

  脱贫致富 cast (shake, throw) off poverty and set out on a road to prosperity

  脱手 release grip

  挖墙脚 undermine the foundation of sth.; cut the ground from under sb's feet

  外汇管理局 Administration of Exchange Control

  外汇管制 foreign exchange control

  外卖 take-out

  外卖店 take-out restaurant

  外商独资企业exclusively foreign-owned enterprises in China

  外资企业 overseas-funded enterprises

  汪辜会谈 Wang Daohan-Koo Chen-fu Talks (Wang-Koo talks)

  王储,王太子 Crown Prince

  网吧 Internet bar

  网关 gateway

  网恋 online love affairs

  网络出版 online publishing

  网络管理员 network administrator

  网络经济 cybereconomy

  网络空间 cyberspace

  网民 netizen; net citizen; cyber citizen

  网上冲浪surf the Internet

  网上购物 shopping online

  网上交易平台 online trading platform

  网友 net friend

  往事如风 The past has vanished (from memory) like wind.; What in past, is past.

  微软移动构想 Microsoft Vision for Mobility; Microsoft Mobility Initiatives

  唯利是图 draw water to one's mill

  维护人权和不断改善人权状况 safeguard human rights and steadily improve the human rights situation

  伪君子hypocrite; a wolf in sheep's clothing

  伪劣商品赔还法 lemon law

  卫冕世界冠军 reigning world champion

  温饱工程 bring-warmth fill-bellies project

  文科 liberal arts

  文明街道 model community

  文韬武略 military expertise; military strategy

  稳定压倒一切 Maintaining stability is of top priority

  问讯处 information office; inquiry desk

  屋顶花园 roof garden

  无氟冰箱  freon-free refrigerator

  无人售票 self-service ticketing

  无绳来电显示电话 cordless telephone with caller ID

  无为而治 govern by doing nothing that is against nature; govern by non-interference

  无线应用协议 WAP- wireless application protocol

  无形资产intangible assets

  无中生有 make/create something out of nothing

  武俠小说 tales of roving knights; martial arts novel; kung fu novel

  物价局 Price Bureau

  物业管理 estate management, property management

  西部大开发 Development of the West Regions of China

  西气东输 transport the natural gas from the West to the East

  吸收游资 absorb idle fund

  希望工程 Project Hope

  息事宁人 pour oil on troubled waters

  洗钱 money laundering

  喜忧参半 mingled hope and fear

  下放权力给 delegating the management of ... (to ...)

  下岗职工 laid-off workers

  下海 plunge into the commercial sea

  下网 off line

  下游行业 downstream industry

  险胜 cliff-hanging win, narrow victory, nose out

  县改市county upgraded to city

  县级市county-level city

  现代企业制度 modern enterprise system; modern corporate system

  线下商贸运作 offline business operation

  香格里拉 Shangri-la

  向钱看 mammonism, put money above all

  项目立项 approve and initiate a project

  项目申报 project application

  项目预算 project budget

  项目支持 project support

  削减战略核武器会谈 strategic arms reduction talks (START)

  消费信贷 consumer credit services

  消费者权益日/International Day for Consumers' Rights and Interests

  消费者协会 consumers' association

  小康 a comfortable level of living; a better-off life; moderate prosperity

  小康之家 well-off family

  小农经济 small-scale peasant economy; autarkical small-scale farming

  效益工资achievements-related wages; wages based on benefits

  效益农业 profitable agriculture

  写真集 special album of photos for kids, women or weddings

  心理素质 psychological quality

  新宠 new favorite

  新干线 the Shinkansen, bullet train

  新官上任三把火 a new broom sweeps clean

  新新人类 New Human Being;X Generation

  新秀 up-and-coming star, rising star

  信、达、雅(严复:翻译标准) faithfulness, expressiveness and elegance

  信贷支持 credit aid

  信息港 infoport; cyber port

  信息化 information-based; informationization

  信用紧缩 credit crunch

  信用危机credit crisis

  星期日泰晤士报 the Sunday Times

  形式主义 formalism

  形象小姐/先生 image representative of a product or a brand

  虚拟网 virtual net

  虚拟现实 virtual reality

  选举权和被选举权 the right to vote and the right to be elected

  选举人票 electoral vote

  选举人制 electoral system

  学而优则仕 (a Confucian slogan for education) a good scholar can become an official; he who excels in study can follow an official career

  学生处 students’ affairs division

  学生减负 to reduce study load, alleviate the burden on students

  寻呼小姐 operators who work with paging centers

  巡回招聘 milk round

  徇私枉法 bend the law for the benefit of relatives or friends

  压水花技术 rip entry

  压线(口令) Line!

  压轴戏 grand finale; last and best item on a theatrical program

  亚健康 subhealthy

  严打斗争Strike-Hard Operation, campaign to crack down relentlessly on criminal activities

  言情小说 romantic fiction; sentimental novel

  研究成果 research results

  研究生毕业证/学位证 graduate diploma/graduate degree's diploma

  羊肉串小摊 barbecue stall

  阳春(最经济方式) no-frills

  养老金 pension

  养路费 road toll

  摇钱树 cash cow

  摇头丸 dancing outreach

  药物检查 dope control, drug testing

  野生动物园 wildlife park; safari park

  业内人士 insider

  液晶显示屏 liquid crystal display (LCD)

  一次性解决问题 solve the problem once and for all

  一次性筷子 throwaway chopsticks

  一大二公 (concerning the people's commune) large in size and collective in nature

  一刀切 cut it even at one stroke--make it rigidly uniform; impose uniformity in all cases; allow no flexibility

  一国两制,One country, two systems

  一级市场 primary market

  一揽子(计划) one-package (plan)

  一式两联 (receipt or invoice) in duplicate

  一手抓物质文明,一手抓精神文明;一手抓经济建设,一手抓民主法制;一手抓改革开放,一手抓打击犯罪惩治腐败 We must always work for material progress and at the same time for cultural and ethical progress; We should develop the economy and at the same time strengthen democracy and the legal system; We should promote reform and opening to the outside world and at the same time fight crime and punish corruption.

  一线员工 worker at the production line

  一言既出,驷马难追 A real man never goes back on his words.

  医疗保险 medical insurance

  移动电话双(单)向收费 two/one-way charges for mobile/ cellular phones

  以公有制为主体,多种经济成分共同发展 the pattern with the public sector remaining dominant and diverse sectors of the economy developing side by side

  以经济建设为中心 focusing on the central task of economic construction

  以谋略制胜 outmaneuver

  以权谋私 abuse of power for personal gains

  以人为本 people oriented; people foremost

  以市场为导向 market-oriented

  以质量求发展 strategy of development through quality; win the market with quality products

  以质量求生存、求发展、求效益 strive for survival, development and efficiency on the basis of equality

  义和团运动 Boxer Uprising

  义务兵役制 compulsory military service, conscription

  义务教育 compulsory education

  义演收入 proceeds from benefit performance

  易拉罐 pop can

  溢价premium

  因材施教 teach students according to their aptitude

  银行网点 bank outlets

  隐性就业 unregistered employment

  应届毕业生 this year's graduates

  应试教育 exam-oriented education, examination-oriented education system

  营业税 turnover tax; business tax

  硬道理 absolute principle, top priority

  永久正常贸易关系 permanent normal tra

 

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