高级口译 (译文1 )
People often likegood words. When they hear bad words, they are not pleasant and even angry. A personhears the bad words and gets the wisdom with pleasure, so he needs a kind ofpatience and grace. These depend on the cultivating of the mind and control ofhuman shortcomings, or he will be used by those who use good words. At last,this will hurt the loyal people.
In the season,people maybe will accept the old truth of “part listening will be bright andside belief is dark” and “loyal words that are bad to the ear are useful toconduct”. Or they believe the philosophy of “beautiful words can not bebelieved and believed words are not beautiful”. But in conduct, people goagainst the old truths and are not willing to hear the “against ear” words. Atlast, they get serious mistakes. (个人翻译版本)(分数19-24)
People tend tolike the sweet words. They become unpleasant, even angry when they listen tothe words unpleasant to the ear. People, especially those with high positionsshould listen to the harsh words and get wisdom. But doing so, people need todisplay their tolerance and magnanimity which are obtained through thecultivation of the soul and restraint of the human shortcomings. Otherwise, they will be cheated by those bad guys with honeyed words only tohurt the loyal people.
Reasonably, peopleprobably will accept the old truths such as “one will be wise when listening todifferent people and ignorant when listening to only one person” and“unpleasant advice is beneficial to one’s behavior”. However, in realsituation, these people tend to ignore these precuts and make many seriousmistakes. (个人翻译版本)(27-32)
People generallyenjoy hearing fine words, and hate to hear the offensive words for it is easyto produce displeasure or resentment. A man, in particular one in positions ofinfluence, should be able to listen to the offensive words and gainintelligence with tolerance and magnanimity, which can often be dependent onpeople's mental self-cultivation and self-restraint of defects of human nature;otherwise, it will give those who are good at the use of rhetoric and sweetwords opportunities and harm those people who call a spade a spade.
Intellectually, people are perhaps willing to accept the old truths such as " one should listen to both sides to keep wise or one willbe kept in dark when listening to only one side ", " unpleasant adviceis conducive to one’s conduct ", etc and the philosophy of "beautiful words are not truthful and truthful words are not beautiful".However, in acts, people also often deviate from these old sayings, do not wantto listen to or turn a deaf ear to offending advice and statements,eventually committing serious mistakes.(个人翻译版本)(30-35)
We tend tohear words pleasant to the ear but have displeasure and resentment at wordsharsh to the ear. A man, especially one occupying an important position, needstolerance and magnanimity to lend an ear to truthful yet offensive words withheartfelt admiration so as to gain wisdom from them, and those qualities can beonly cultivated through the nurturing of the soul and the restraint in humanweaknesses. Otherwise, opportunities are exploited to the advantage of thosewith sweet words on the lips to tickle the ear of others, only to hurt thoseloyal people outspoken in their remarks.
Intellectually, weare probably willing to believe in the ancient truths that we’ ll beenlightened if we listen to both sides and we will be benighted if we heed onlyone side, that honest advice, though unpleasant to the ear, benefits conduct.Also, we are delightfully convinced of Laotzi’s philosophy that true words arenot embellished and the embellished words are not true. However, in our behaviors,we tend to depart from those established maxims, reluctant to accept and followthose uncomfortable truths until eventually grave errors are committed. (新东方版本)(分数 44以上)
People generallyenjoy hearing fine words but hate to hear the harsh words which sometimesproduce displeasure and resentment to the hearer. A person, one in positions ofinfluence in particular, should be able to listen to offending advice andstatements so as to gain wisdom. to embrace others’ view, however, heor she is expected to display his or her grace of tolerance and generositywhich can be only gained through people's mental self-cultivation andself-restraint of defects of human nature; otherwise, it will provide chancesfor those who are good at the use of rhetoric and honeyed words, hurting thoseloyal people who call a spade a spade.
Intellectually, people are perhaps willing to accept the old truths such as " one should listen to different sides to keep wise orone will be kept in dark when listening to only one side” , " honestadvice, though unpleasant to the ear, is conducive to one’s conduct", etc and the Laozi’s philosophy of " beautiful words are nottruthful and truthful words are not nice to hear". However, in realsituations, people often ignore these old maxims, not wanting to listen to orturning a deaf ear to grating advice and statements, eventually committingserious mistakes.(个人翻译版本) (44以上)
To enjoy pleasantcompliments, human. Once encountered with offensive warnings or criticisms, wemay be sour, or even resentful. For anybody, especially those of superiorstatus, to listen to faithful but offensive warnings or criticisms, and to gainwisdom out of them, takes elegance, tolerance and nobility flowing out of afinely-cultivated personality and the stoical curb of human weaknesses.Otherwise, villains, equipped with soothing flatteries, may squeeze into theloopholes of our defense, while men with integrity may be wronged for theirbold frankness.
Our minds are generally guarded by oldproverbs such as “benighted (being misled) by one-sided opinion, enlightened bydifference voices” or “truth hurts, but helps”. “Embellished words are not truewhile true words are not embellished,” an enlightening quotation by Lao Zi, arenowned ancient Chinese philosopher, is also widely accepted. But in reality,these time-honored mottos are always ignored. Our unwillingness or evenreluctance in listening to “offensive” words finally leads to disastrousmistakes. (45分以上)
We have a naturaltendency for favored comments, against the harsh words. A man, especially oneoccupying an important position, should be broad-minded and generous enough tolend a willing ear to the offensive truth so that wisdom will be drawn fromthem, which can only be achieved by the cultivation of the characters and theself-discipline to over come human weakness. Otherwise, they will be the preyof those flatters and opportunists, hurting only outspoken loyal people.
Intellectually, weare probably willing to believe in the ancient truths that we should be wise ifwe listen to both sides of issues and we will be benighted if we heed only oneside, that honest advice, though unpleasant to the ear, benefits conduct. Also,we are delightfully convinced of Laoism that the trustworthy words are notembellished and the embellished words are not trustworthy. However, we oftendeviate from those ancient maxims that still we turn a cold should to the sternand hard-swallowed truths until eventually blunders are committed. (44以上)(机构官方翻译版)