上海口译高级口译模拟试题及答案3

来源:上外培训网   发布时间:2014-02-10   作者:

    英译中Dolphins, like whales, must surface to breathe air through a blowhole on top of their heads. Dolphins are social animals and love company. Many of them, in fact, even enjoy being around humans. It is not uncommon to hear of dolphins giving rides through the water to humans. In addition to being playful, dolphins are helpful to men. For example, as 400 B. C. the Greek poet Arion was saved from drowning by a dolphin. From then until now, dolphins have been helping swimmers who are in trouble. Swimmers, however, are not the only humans they help. In some parts of the world, they can be counted on to help men catch fish. Moreover, dolphins are very intelligent. A dolphin's brain resembles a human brain, but it is larger. Consequently, some people claim that dolphins are really smarter than men. Of course, there is no way of proving this point. Brain size is not an absolute measure of intelligence. Furthermore, measuring dolphins' intelligence in other ways is not possible since men cannot fully communicate with them. Apparently, however, dolphins communicate with each other. At any rate, they make whistling, clicking and buzzing sounds which seem to be at least a form of language. So far, however, men have not been able to figure out the communication code the dolphins use.

    「参考译文」

    海豚与鲸鱼一样,需要不时浮出水面以其头顶上的鼻孔进行呼吸。海豚是群居动物,爱结伴。事实上,不少海豚还以与人相处为乐,它们在水中供人乘骑之事也是常有所闻的。

    除了可爱逗趣之外,海豚对于人类是极有帮助的。例如,早在公元前400年希腊诗人艾里昂就因溺水而被一头海豚救起。至今为止,海豚一直在帮助遇到麻烦的游泳者。不仅如此,它们还能帮助人们捕鱼。

    更有甚者,海豚智力发达。它的大脑与人类的相似,但容量更大。因而有人宣称,海豚真的比人更聪明。当然,现在没法证明这点。脑容量并不是一个决定聪明程度的检测标准。还有,由于人们无法完全同海豚进行交流,也就不可能用其他方法测定它们的智力,然而,海豚与海豚之间显然能进行交流。不管怎么说,他们发出的哨音、咔哒声和嗡嗡声等至少是一种语言的形式。但是,迄今为止人们尚不能解释海豚语言交流的密码。

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