高级口译考试真题:2014年3月听力真题解析(1)

来源:上外培训网   发布时间:2015-04-01   作者:

   2014年秋季高级口译考试将在9月14日进行,历年真题是考生备考的重要学习资料,考生在最后的冲刺备考阶段,可以再做下最近的真题,并进行总结分析。裕德口译为各位考生整理了2014年春季高级口译听力部分真题,本文为上半场听力部分原文和题目解析,供大家备考使用。

  SECTION 1: LISTENING TEST (30 minutes)

  Part A: Spot Dictation

  Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the word or words you have heard on the tape. Write your answer in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Remember you will hear the passage ONLY ONCE.

  听力原文:

  My topic today is how to address the problem of hunger and starvation, which still exists in many parts of the world. To end hunger starts with people's own productivity. A dangerous and patronizing cliche we often hear is: give a man a fish and feed him for a day; teach a man to fish and you feed him for life. People living with chronic hunger have generations of wisdom about 'fishing' — the problem is the barbed wire around the lake. The hunger project announced recently by the United Nations cut through the barbed wire, addressing the underlying social conditions that systematically deny hungry people the opportunity they need to end their own hunger. When we invest in a hunger project, we are investing in people's productivity and giving people a chance to translate their hard work into improved well-being. We are ensuring that people get the opportunities which are rightfully theirs. Too often hungry people are isolated, marginalized and exploited. Mobilizing communities and building local organizations is critically important — both to sustain the work we do and to get more out of our precious resources and efforts. When people come together to work, a kind of social capital is created that can compensate for the lack of financial capital in rural areas. In Africa, a unique feature of the hunger project's work is to organize villages to work cooperatively on community land to produce food for food banks. This fosters collective responsibility and action for a better future for all. Another example is in some Asian countries, such as India and Bangladesh, where hunger project volunteer animators have catalyzed the creation of over 1,100 local organizations throughout the country. With nearly 50% ran by women, these local groups create savings programs and invest in individual and collective income generating enterprises, including sowing, tailoring and weaving projects, bakeries and small businesses, fish and poultry farming, bee keeping and plant nurseries. The impact of these enterprises is enormous. As women have become economically empowered, the decision-making roles have increased. As family incomes have often tripled, parents are sending more children — both girls and boys — to school.

  答案:

  1.To end hunger

  2.you feed him for life

  3.the barbed wire around the leg

  4.by the United Nations

  5.systematically deny hungry people

  6..are investing in people’s productivity

  7.are rightfully theirs

  8.marginalized and exploited

  9.sustain the work we do

  10. come together to work

  11. the lack of financial capital

  12. a unique feature

  13. on community land

  14. collective responsibility and action

  15. some Asian countries

  16. over 1100 local organizations

  17. create savings programs

  18. bakeries and small businesses

  19. become economically empowered

  20. family incomes have often tripled

  解析:

  本篇以饥饿问题为主题,介绍了由联合国提出的Hunger Project在各国的进展。所填空格有一定难度,尤其是第3格所填的六个单词“the barbed wire around the leg”,它处在第一段段尾,距离第二段段首的第4格仅隔了五个单词,考生很容易顾此失彼。但若能在听前纵览全文,较生疏的单词“barbed wire”已经出现在第二段段首,考生能有印象的话,之后听的过程中就不至于猝不及防。值得欣慰的是,多数长难词的词尾我们在课上进行过大量的练习,比如第6格“investing”中的ing后缀,“productivity”和第14格“responsibility”中的ity后缀,第16格“organization”中的tion后缀。能在这些长难词上临阵不慌并节省时间,就能从容应付空格中的其它单词。

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