来源:上外培训网   发布时间:2015-04-01   作者:

  Questions 11to 15 are based on the following interview.


  M: Now I'll take some questions.

  W: Well, Mr. Brown, I have a question. Isn't it true that the public supports the death penalty? I read that according to recent statistics, 67% of Americans favor the death penalty in cases of murder. That's two thirds of the population.

  M: It's true that there is a support for the death penalty. But it's also true that people's moods and opinions are difficult to understand through statistics. I think this figure might reflect people's concern about violent crime in general. United States is by far the most violent industrialized nation. In the United States, there're about 9 murders a year per 100,000 people. In Japan, for example, that figure is 0.5. In France, it's 1.1. So Americans are understandably concerned about violence.

  W: Excuse me, Mr. Brown. What did you say the figure was in the United States?

  M: It's about 9 murders per year per 100,000 people.

  W: I'd like to make a comment. I mean, if someone commits a really bad crime, don't they deserve to be punished just severely?

  M: As I often tell my students at the university, the problem of the death penalty is that on an emotional level. You can understand why people want it. If you suffer the loss of a loved one, your immediate response is to want revenge. It's a normal natural reaction. But I feel that the reason we have laws is that they allow us to rise above our personal emotional response to crime. This form of retribution is not the answer. The idea of having laws in a society is that together as society we're stronger than a sum of our parts, we can rise above our personal emotional response to crime. The legal system is supposed to elevate us. It is set up so that it is better than us. Individually, we are flawed. But as a society, we are strong.

  W: I thought it was interesting what you said about the death penalty not being fair, because it was applied to some people but not to others. Could you talk a little bit more about that 12 students?

  M: Yes. In many ways, capital punishment is very arbitrary. If you really believed in the death penalty as a principle, as a punishment for a horrific crime, then every single person who has committed this crime would have to be executed. But that would mean that we would have about 50,000 executions a year. That's absurd! Nobody would stand for that. It would mean that the state was some kind of killing machine. The fact is that we do not execute some people, but other people who have committed similar crimes are not executed. So the death penalty is not applied equally to all people.

  W: Mr. Brown, I'd like to thank you for your comments today. I'm opposed to the death penalty myself, and I don't think we talk enough about the issues.

  Q11: About what issue is Mr. Brown being interviewed?

  Q12: What is the approximate number of murders a year per 100,000 people in the United States?

  Q13: What is Mr. Brown most probably?

  Q14: What does Mr. Brown actually say about the death penalty?

  Q15: Which of the following statements is true according to the interview?



  Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following news.


  I'm Helen Wartman, Director of the Wartman Sports Academy, a school that helps promising young athletes fulfill their dreams. We coach youngsters who want to swim faster than anyone else in the world and children who dream of running the marathon at the Olympic Games one day. I've coached many athletes in my life, going back to the day when the daughter of a friend announced she had entered for the long jump in an amateur athletics event. I enjoyed coaching her, and that was the start of my career.

  I also became interested in sports medicine at about that time, when my nephew fell off his bike and hurt his back. He'd been a keen athlete before his accident, but unfortunately, he never really got over his injury sufficiently to get back into serious training. That's when I realize the importance of sports medicine, and the staff of the academy includes two doctors.

  Perhaps at this point I should answer a question often asked by young people when they enroll the academy. How important is an athlete's build? Well, nobody can deny the build does matter, and one cannot hope to be a world-class long distance runner, say, if one is built like a weight-lifter. But other factors also play a vital role. For a start, good general health and fitness. These are important, even in sports where you might not think they are a priority. In shooting for instance, athletes have to be fit to lower their heart rate. This enables them to fire between heart beats and so achieve maximum accuracy.

  At the academy, we encourage healthy eating habits. Without a proper diet, young athletes cannot achieve their optimum physic, nor will they have the energy for training. Then there's the role of technology in sports. These days, athletes cannot compete successfully at the highest level without access to state-of-the-art equipment. I've already mentioned sports medicine, and it goes without saying that young athletes need to be able to consult specialists in case of an injury. But above all, at the academy, we stress the importance of attitude. Without the will to succeed, you may as well not bother to take up any sports seriously. In my opinion, it is this that is most important for our successful athlete.

  Q16: What's Helen Wartman's job?

  Q17: What was the start of her career?

  Q18: About what do young people often ask when they enroll at her academy?

  Q19: According to the speaker, how does an athlete achieve maximum accuracy in shooting?

  Q20: What does the speaker stress in training at the academy?




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