来源：上外培训网 发布时间：2015-04-15 作者：
The subject of today’s lecture is culture shock: group pressure in action. Culture shock,as you know, is the term used to describe the experience many people have when they travel to another country, and it can be seen as a manifestation of group pressure in action. It is a good example of group pressure, because it shows what happens when an individual suddenly experiences different culture rules, the rules of another cultural group.
Now culture shock is complex phenomenon, but I’m going to focus on three main ideas inthis lecture. First of all, we will consider the reasons why people experience culture shock.
Secondly,I will describe the different stages of this experience. Finally, I’ll mention some possible applications of this research, because although you might think that culture shock effects, say, only travellers that is not the case. In fact, cross-cultural studies have immense practical value for modern society.
First, then, why do people experience culture shock? Think about this for a minute.When you grow up in a particular set of surroundings, naturally you get used to the rules and guidelines that govern the behavior. of the people around you. In a sense, you become totally dependent on the rules of your social group. You tend to ques articulated, and therefore, you’re not aware of their impact. In other words, tion them; you just accept them without thinking. These rules are often not clearlyyou are not necessarily conscious of them.
They only become important when, for example, you go to another country or a different environment that’s governed by a different set of rules. In fact, this experience can be so shocking that it has been compared to having a bucket of cold water thrown over you.
Culture shock happens precisely because you cannot use your own culture as a map to guide your own behavior. and your own understanding of what surrounds you. You’re totally out of control, just as if you were driving along a highway in the dark, without a road map. And because of this, people often behave irrationally. It’s a highly stressful experience, and there are different symptom in different stages.
【注释】这篇Spot Dictation难度适中，没有非常生僻的单词。拼写稍有难度的单词在文中用红色标出，供考生朋友参考。内容是为文化类话题，演讲者讲的是culture shock的问题。这个话题多次在口译考试中出现，老师在课堂话题的讨论中也就文化现象补充过不同国家文化的差异，对于同学们而言也算是比较熟悉的。第二段用三个观点依次解释文化冲击这个复杂的现象，调理清晰。本篇最大的难度在于高级口译考试真题的部分空格间单词比较长，例如标红的第8，9空，但是庆幸的是单词本身不难，所以只要灵活运用上课教大家的缩写方式就可以大大节省时间了。标红处为难词和长单词空，请大家重点关注。