高级口译真题之2011年3月真题中译英部分

来源:上外培训网   发布时间:2015-07-20   作者:

   2011年3月高级口译中译英

  合营企业设董事会,其人数组成由合营各方协商,在合同、章程中确定,并由合营各方委派。董事会是合营企业的最高权力机构,决定合营企业的一切重大问题。董事长由合营各方协商确定或由董事会选举产生。董事长是合营企业法定代表人。董事长不能履行职责时,应授权其他董事代表合营企业。

  董事会会议由董事长负责召集并主持。董事会会议应当有2/3以上董事出席方能举行。董事不能出席的,可以出具委托书委托他人代表其出席和表决。董事会会议应用中文和英文作详细记录,并在会议结束后14日内送交每位董事,由出席董事会会议的各位董事签字确认。

  中译英参考答案:

  A joint venture shall have a board of directors, which shall have its size and composition stipulated in the contract and the articles of association after consultation between the parties to the venture, and the directors shall be appointed and replaced by the parties to the venture. The board of directors shall be the highest authority of a joint venture that shall decide all major matters concerning the joint venture. The Chairman are determined by the parties to the venture or elected by the board of directors. The chairman of the board is the legal representative of the joint venture. When the chairman is unable to perform his duties, he shall authorize another director to represent the joint venture.

  The board meeting is to be called and presided over by the chairman of the board. It shall be held only when over two-third of the directors are present. If a director is unable to attend the meeting,he may issue a power of attorney to appoint a proxy to represent him and vote on his behalf. Detailed minutes of the board meeting shall be prepared in Chinese and English and shall be delivered to each director within fourteen (14) days of the conclusion of the meeting to be signed and confirmed by each of the directors who attended the board meeting.

  解析:英语句子被动态多,尤其是在科技法律文本中,通过被动来体现文本的客观性。相比较而言,汉语被动数量少、用法窄。现代汉语大部分被动意义很少用被字,不用被字也能表示被动涵义,而且,很多被动结构并非通过“被”来连接,如由,叫,让,给,受到,遭到,为……所等等,因此,在判断主语和谓语动词的关系时一定要关注语态:主动还是被动?本次考试是考察的法律文本,其间未曾出现一个“被”字,但是多个句子是必须利用被动语态来翻译的:

  1. 董事长由合营各方协商确定或由董事会选举产生。

  译文:The Chairman are determined by the parties to the venture or elected by the board of directors.

  2. 董事会会议由董事长负责召集并主持。

  译文:The board meeting is to be called and presided over by the chairman of the board.

  3. 董事会会议应用中文和英文作详细记录,并在会议结束后14日内送交每位董事,由出席董事会会议的各位董事签字确认。

  译文:Detailed minutes of the board meeting shall be prepared in Chinese and English and shall be delivered to each director within fourteen (14) days of the conclusion of the meeting to be signed and confirmed by each of the directors who attended the board meeting.

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