高级口译历年阅读部分真题解析(3)

来源:上外培训网   发布时间:2015-09-10   作者:

  高级口译历年阅读部分真题解析(3)

  阅读技巧:抓主题,具体细节如名人的话、数字、头衔可以跳读。

  本篇文章的阅读关键在于抓住主题。

  第一段

  Supermarket group Tesco, now the biggest retailer in the UK, rang up its first £1bn profit last year and yesterday claimed to be the fastest growing major retailer in the world.

  Now:时间强对比词。

  The 700-strong chain, once regarded as a downmarket pile-it-high-and-sell-it-cheap business, is raking in sales of nearly £23bn a year and producing a profit of £3m a day.

  Downmarket:底端市场

  pile-it-high-and-sell-it-cheap薄利多销

  rake in 赚取、获得

  Only one UK retailer-Marks Spencer-has ever breached the £1bn barrier before and M S has since suffered an aboutt-turn in its fortunes. In made only £430m last year.

  aboutt-turn:大逆转

  第二段

  Despite criticism from consumer groups and some farmers’ representatives, Tesco, which now accounts for £25 of every £100 spent on groceries in UK, insisted it was not making excessive profits.

  Despite:尽管

  类似的词although、though、in spite, in spite of, etc.引导让步状语从句,重点部分在于主句。

  Chief executive Terry Leahy said the chain was making only just over £3 profit from every £100 purchase and deputy chairman David Reid said the growth had been driven by “better service, quality and value for money”.

  有具体数字和“牛人”的具体内容可以忽略。

  本段只需特别关注关键句insisted it was not making excessive profits.

  第三段

  The supermarket has also benefited from the lackluster performance of some of its rivals, especially Sainsbury.

  Also:引出另外一个关键原因

  Lackluster:缺乏光泽

  Unitl 1995 Sainsbury was bigger than Tesco,but it last reported profits were barely half Tesoco’s £1bn. Safeway, which made £236m last year, is turning itself into a new breed of small-scale hypermarket while Asda, with £330m profit last year, appears to have lost some of its momentum since its takeover by the American Wal-Mart discount chain. Tesco’s £1.05bn profit, which was generated in the year to the end of February, is 12% up on last year. Sales were up 11.9%.

  本句用数字证明和对手进行比较。

  第四段

  Earlier this year-in the wake of a two-year competition commission inquiry which cleared the supermarkets of making excessive profits-Tony Blair accused the supermarkets of having shoppers in “an armlock”, but Tesco denied its profits and success were being driven by squeezing suppliers. It said it had cut prices by £1bn over the past five years and that its prices were now 11% lower than in 1996.

  Armlock:困难的境地

  But后面的内容更加重要

  第五段

  A spokesman for the company said: “Our profits have been growing in the with sales for a number of years. In other words, it is not margin expansion, or any rip-off, that is driving the profit growth.” “And in as much as farmers are experiencing tough times, why blame it on the supermarkets? Other macro factors are more important. Farm profits are extremely cyclical and in recent years the strong pound and the travails associated with BSE have been the main issues.”

  A spokesman for the company公司官方发言人的观点一定是正方观点

  In other words:换句话说

  margin expansion:边际利润扩张

  rip-off:敲竹杠

  in as much as:因为

  macro factors:宏观因素

  Cyclical:周期性的

  Travails:艰难

  BSE =MCD:疯牛病

  第六段

  But a spokeswoman for the National Consumer Protection Council said: “It is high time Tesco cut their prices more and gave the customers more benefit from their profits”, while Michael Hart, of the Small And Family Alliance, accused the supermarkets of being a “new food baronial class”. The Liberal Democrats’ agriculture spokesman, Colin Breed, called for the appointment of a retail regulator “who would not be in the pockets of the supermarkets.”

  But说明观点发生变化

  National Consumer Protection Council:消费者保护协会

  Small And Family Alliance:小家庭农场联合会

  Liberal Democrats:自由民主党人

  注意:Reading Objectives: 正反论证,做好笔记

  baronial class:贵族阶层

  But the National Farmers’ Union, while admitting that some of its members would find the earnings “hard to comprehend”, backed the company. Spokeswoman Helen Lo said farmers hit by crises like BSE and foot and mouth should work with the big grocers, rather than “wage a war” on them. She said: “I think the way forward is to get farmers to muscle together to make a better profit for themselves, and they should look at efficiencies of operations.”

  Tesco is driving its growth through international expansion, and now operates 65 hypermarkets abroad, mostly in central Europe and Asia. Sales at those stores climbed to nearly £3bn last year and they produced profits of £74m. At home, the group last year sold £45m of DVD players and TVs, extended its clothing range put 8,00 new nonfood products on its shelves.

  Hypermarket超大型超市

  Mr. Leahy outlined plans to spend £1bn opening more Tesco outlets in the UK this year. He intends to double both the number of Tesco Express stores on Esso forecourts to 100 and the number of Tesco Extra hypermarkets to around 45. The expansion plans are expected to create 20,000 new jobs-half in the UK-meaning Tesco’s worldwide payroll will rise to 260,000. The Tesco. com grocery home delivery business also brings in profits. The online grocer is now the biggest e-tailer in the world. Its 1m registered users 70,000 weekly shoppers spend £6m a week.

  1. This passage is mainly about .

  (A) a comparison of supermarket groups in Britain

  (B) criticism of supermarkets from consumer groups

  (C) Tescon’s growth through international expansion

  (D) Tesco’s first £1bn profit growth and its consequent reponses

  主题题解题原则:

  1、篇幅原则:篇幅越长越有课程是主题

  2、抽象原则

  2. Which of the following shows the right order of supermarkets according to the profits they made last year?

  (A) Marks Spencer, Sainsbury, Safeway, Asda, Tesco

  (B) Tesco, Sainsbury, Marks Spencer, Asda, Safeway

  (C) Asda, Tesco, Sainbury, Safeway, Marks Spencer

  (D) Safeway, Sainsbury, Tesco, Asda, Marks Spencer

  3. Which of the following parties or organizations sympathizes with Tesco?

  (A) The Liberal Democrats

  (B) The National Consumer Protection Council

  (C) The National Farmers’ Union

  (D) The Labour Party

  4. The expression “in the pockets of” from the sentence “The Liberal Democrats’ agriculture spokesman, Colin Breed, called for the appointment of a retail regulator `who would not be in the pockets of the supermarkets'”. (Para. 6) can be replaced by .

  (A) in line with (B) in the control of (C) in support of (D) in opposition to

  5. According to the passage, all of the following contribute to Tesco’s profit growth EXCEPT .

  (A) implementation of its margin-expansion policy

  (B) expansion of markets abroad

  (C) fast grow of e-tailing business 

  (D) improvement of service and quality

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