春季5月8日高级口译口试真题回顾

来源:上外培训网   发布时间:2016-05-16   作者:

  上外口译培训为大家推荐2016年春季高级口译口试真题:5月8日上午及下午场。

  5月8日上午场

  口语部分:

  Should thePublic Pay for Tourists' Recklessness?

  大众是否应为游客的大意买单

  口译部分:

  英译汉部分:

  1、J.K. Rowling在2008哈佛大学毕业典礼上的演讲:在毕业典礼上的演讲,关于失败和管理的重要性。哲学家名字没记住,说的,生命的意义不在于长度而在于质量blabla。

  该篇来源:《高级口译教程第四版》第二单元课外练习第四篇英译。

  2、国际软件工程大会:为各行各业的人们提供平台讨论关于软件工程的未来之类的。然后在旧金山召开,介绍了会议地点可以看到旧金山湾和金门大桥的美丽景色。

  汉译英部分:

  1、广交会60周年:创办于1965年,是中国目前层次最高的交易会,享有中国第一展的盛名。

 

  2、领导的重要性:卓越领导的重要性,千军易得,一帅难求。好的领导应该是心理学家,有敏锐的观察力,能读出员工的心声什么的,高机动性使团队朝着统一目标前进blabla的。

 

  5月8日下午场

  口语部分:

  Cutting Off Scalpers

  对前些日子黄牛高价倒卖医院挂号的行为的原因和解决方式探讨

  口译部分:

  英译汉部分:

  1、黄石公园 the Yellowstone Park

  同2005年11月二阶段口译口试真题,详情如下:

  Ladies and gentlemen, welcome to the world’s first national park, the Yellowstone Park ofthe United States! In this paradise, nature puts on a spectacular display.Geysers send water shooting into the air. Mud pots boil and bubble. Hot springsdisplay brilliant colors of blue, yellow and orange. You won’t find any placeelse like it on Earth. The park’s thermal areas make it unique. Geysers arealso found in New Zealand and Iceland. But Yellowstone has more geysers than the rest of the earth combined.//

  More than 200 geysers and 10,000 other thermal features dot the park. Toprotect the park, the park officials do not allow visitors to wander off thewalkways or touch the thermal features. Take your time exploring the park. Walkaround the thermal areas. Look for wildlife along rivers and streams. Have apicnic under a big tree. Listen to the wild roar and feel the spray on yourface. The park was created for the benefit and enjoyment of all. Have a goodtime.//

  女士们、先生们:欢迎来到世界第一座国家公园,美国的黄石公园!在这个人间仙境里,大自然呈现着壮观的景色。间歇泉将水射入空中;泥沸泉沸腾发泡;温泉展现出蓝、黄、桔等艳丽的颜色。地球上再也找不到任何地方可与此地相媲美。温泉区是公园的特色。虽然新西兰和冰岛也有间隙喷泉,但是黄石公园的间歇泉数比全球其他地区加起来的总数的还要多。//

  整个公园布满了二百多个间歇泉及一万多个温泉特景。为了保护公园,管理人员不允许游客偏离步道或触摸温泉景观。慢慢地走走看看。在温泉区悠闲散步;在溪河旁寻找野生动物的踪迹;在大树下野餐;倾听吼声;感觉溅在脸上的水花。公园为大家的福利及乐趣而建。祝大家玩得开心。 //

  2、能源不平衡,用电问题

  汉译英部分:

  1、媒体责任感

  选自“胡锦涛在世界媒体峰会开幕式上的致辞”,详情如下:

  女士们,先生们,朋友们:

  Ladies and Gentlemen,

  Dear Friends,

  金秋十月,清风送爽。在这个美好季节里,世界各地媒体机构负责人相聚北京,举行世界媒体峰会。首先,我谨代表中国政府和人民,对这次世界媒体峰会的召开,表示诚挚的祝贺!对各位朋友的到来,表示热烈的欢迎!

  On this beautiful and crisp autumn day, media leaders from around theworld are gathered in Beijing for the World Media Summit. Let me begin byextending, on behalf of the Chinese Government and people, sincerecongratulations on the opening of the summit and a warm welcome to all thefriends present.

  当今世界,随着经济社会快速发展和科技进步日新月异,信息传递和获取日益快捷,全球传媒业经历着前所未有的深刻变革,媒体在社会生活中的作用越来越重要。这次世界媒体峰会以“合作、应对、共赢、发展”为主题,反映了人们对全球传媒业发展面临挑战的关切,显示了各媒体加强交流合作、寻求共同发展的愿望,体现了媒体从业者致力于促进世界和平与发展的决心。我相信,会议围绕这一主题深入探讨、广泛交流,有助于加强世界各地媒体合作,有助于推动全球传媒业健康有序向前发展,有助于增进各国人民相互了解和友谊。

  At a time of fast economic and social development, rapid scientific andtechnological progress and easier information transmission and access, theworld's media industry is undergoing profound changes like never before and mediaorganizations are playing a more important role in our lives. The theme of thissummit - "Cooperation, Action, Win-Win and Development" - not onlyreflects concern about the challenges facing development of the global mediaindustry, but also demonstrates the desire of media organizations to strengthenexchanges and cooperation for common development as well as the determinationof media professionals to promote world peace and development. I am certainthat in-depth and wide-ranging discussions on this theme will lead to strongercooperation among media organizations across the world, promote healthy andorderly development of the global media industry, and help deepen mutualunderstanding and friendship among the people of the world.

  女士们、先生们!

  Ladies and Gentlemen,

  当今世界正处在大发展大变革大调整时期。世界多极化、经济全球化深入发展,世界范围内各种思想文化交流更加频繁、更加活跃,开放合作、互利共赢成为国际社会广泛共识,国与国相互联系更加紧密。同时,国际金融危机影响仍在持续,发展不平衡更加突出,气候变化、粮食安全、能源资源安全等全球性问题进一步显现,恐怖主义、跨国有组织犯罪、重大传染性疾病等非传统安全威胁依然存在,局部冲突和热点问题此起彼伏,不稳定不确定因素增多,世界和平与发展面临诸多挑战。

  We live in a world that is undergoing major development, major changesand major adjustments. As world multi-polarity and economic globalizationgather momentum, global exchanges of ideas and cultures are becoming morefrequent and dynamic. Openness, cooperation, mutual benefit and win-winprogress have become the common pursuit of the international community ascountries are more closely interconnected than before. On the other hand,however, the global financial crisis continues to affect our lives. Imbalancein development has been thrown into sharp relief. Climate change, foodsecurity, energy and resource security and other global issues have become morepronounced. Terrorism, transnational organized crime, major infectious diseasesand other non-traditional security threats continue to exist. Local conflictsand hot-spot issues have kept flaring up, and uncertainties and destabilizingfactors are mounting. All this presents multiple challenges to world peace anddevelopment.

  面对前所未有的机遇和挑战,世界各地媒体应该顺应时代发展潮流,携手并进,努力为建设持久和平、共同繁荣的和谐世界作出贡献。

  In the face of unprecedented opportunities and challenges, mediaorganizations around the world should embrace the trend of our times, joinhands and contribute to building a harmonious world of enduring peace andcommon prosperity.

  第一,要充分运用自身特点和优势,广泛传播和平、发展、合作、共赢、包容理念。各类媒体应该致力于推动人类和平与发展的崇高事业,促进世界各国在政治上相互尊重、平等协商,经济上相互合作、优势互补,文化上相互借鉴、求同存异,安全上相互信任、加强合作,环保上相互帮助、协力推进,共同创造人类更加美好的未来。当前,世界各国正在全力克服国际金融危机影响,世界各地媒体应该深入反映国际社会同舟共济、加强合作、共克时艰的举措和成效,为推动世界经济复苏和健康稳定发展贡献力量。

  First, media organizations should make full use of their specialties andadvantages and spread the message of peace, development, cooperation, win-winand tolerance. All types of media organizations should dedicate themselves tothe lofty cause of peace and development of mankind. They should encourage allcountries to respect one another politically and hold consultations on an equalfooting, carry out economic cooperation to draw on one another's strength,learn from one another through cultural exchanges and seek common ground whileputting aside differences, increase mutual trust and cooperation in securityaffairs, and help and coordinate with one another in environmental protection,so as to jointly create a better future for mankind. As we meet here, countriesacross the world are still battling the impact of the global financial crisis.The world's media should make in-depth coverage of the concerted action takenby the international community to overcome difficulties and the positiveeffects of these measures. In so doing, the media can contribute their share tothe recovery of the world economy and its healthy and stable development.

  第二,要坚持平等互信、互利共赢、共同发展,更好开展交流合作。世界各种形态媒体,不分文化异同、水平高低、规模大小,应该相互尊重、相互信任、平等相处,求同存异,交流互鉴;应该充分考虑各方实际,协商回应各方诉求,兼顾各方利益,既竞争又合作,努力实现互补互助、共同受益;应该分享成功经验,优化发展环境,合力应对挑战,谋求共同发展。

  Second, media organizations should uphold the ideas of equality, mutualtrust, mutual benefit and common development, and conduct more effectiveexchanges and cooperation. All types of media organizations, regardless oftheir cultural background, capability or size, should respect and trust oneanother as equals, seek common ground while shelving differences, and learnfrom one another through exchanges. They should take into full considerationeach other's actual conditions, address each other's concerns throughconsultation, accommodate each other's interests and cooperate even as theycompete with one another. They should take advantage of their complementarity,help each other and realize common interests. They should share best practice,create a more enabling environment for development, work together to deal withchallenges and seek common development.

  2、Greenland Group绿地集团

  这家企业不但是国企,还是央企,世界500强,位于上海市黄浦区

  附录:

  Cutting Off Scalpers

  A video showing an angry young woman who failed to get a registrationticket for her paralyzed mother after lining up for a whole day at a hospitalin Beijing has gone viral online. In the video, the woman railed at thesecurity guards of the hospital for turning a blind eye to scalpers who hadsnatched up a ticket she needed and were asking for 4,500 yuan ($684.9) for it.Had she been able to buy the ticket herself, it would have cost 300 yuan($45.7).

  In China, patients are required to buy a ticket in order to see adoctor, the price of which depends on the service required. Tickets to seesenior doctors at renowned hospitals are particularly difficult to get.

  The video became popular online on January 25 and has since arousedintense attention and sympathy from netizens. The hospital in questionpublished a notice on the next day, saying that it arranged another expert forthe woman's mother after she called the police. The notice stated that there wasno evidence indicating that the hospital's security guards had been in cahootswith the ticket scalpers.

  Beijing police announced on January 28 that it had arrested seven ticketscalpers at the hospital. The Beijing Municipal Public Security Bureau promisedto work closely with the health department to launch a crackdown on the illicitactivity in order to make it easier to access medical treatment.

  Possible solutions

  Editorial (The Beijing News ): A shortage of quality medical servicesand their uneven distribution between different regions have contributed to theissue of rampant ticket scalping at hospitals. According to statistics from theNational Health and Family Planning Commission, 80 percent of medical servicesin China are provided in big cities. First-tier cities such as Beijing andGuangzhou have become the country's medical centers.

  As the shortage of medical services cannot be solved immediately,medical reform should be stepped up in order to root out the problem.

  In some foreign countries, premium hospitals and doctors are also inshort supply. It's common for patients to wait for weeks or months in order tosee a doctor. Nevertheless, they are plagued by fewer scalpers. One importantreason is that in many foreign countries, hospitals observe a stricthierarchical order. Patients with minor ailments are treated at smallhospitals, while those with major diseases are allowed to register at a largerhospital through the recommendation of a lower-level medical institution.

  Although the Chinese Government has been trying to introduce such asystem for years, the result has been unsatisfactory. Even patients with minorillnesses are allowed to register at big hospitals.

  In addition, the health department has encouraged public hospital doctorsto work at private medical institutions in a bid to alleviate the strain insupply. However, should they choose to work part-time at other hospitals, theirpromotion and salary prospects at their hospital of origin might be affected.

  Furthermore, the prevalence of scalpers is due to the loose managementof hospitals. Take, for example, the incident in question. If patients andjournalists can spot the scalpers, why can't the hospital staff do the same?That is presumably because security guards, hospital workers and the scalpershad collaborated with each other. If hospitals as well as the public securitydepartment can work together to crack down on the lawbreakers, they will havenowhere to hide.

  Zhang Tianwei (Beijing Youth Daily ): Ticket scalpers are able toinflate the prices because registration tickets, especially those for expertdoctors, are hard to get. The distribution of such tickets has always beenproblematic. In reality, hospital registration tickets are bought by thosewilling to pay scalpers, people who have connections with the hospital, thosewho spend time lining up for a ticket, and individuals who are proficient atusing online reservation platforms.

  Nevertheless, medical resources are special commodities. If only thosewho can afford high-prices are able to access them, most low-income groups willbe deprived of premium medical services. What is hard to accept is thatinequality is the real motive behind the unfair distribution of medicalservices.

  Therefore, increasing the amount of services should be an adequatesolution to the problem. When it is no longer difficult to obtain anappointment with an expert, and patients don't need to line up throughout thenight for a ticket, scalpers will have lost their means to make money. However,it will take a long time for this to be realized. The most practical solutionwould be to divert affluent patients away from public hospitals by creatingadditional private medical institutions. In the meantime, medical services atpublic ones should be increased by enabling low-price treatment to lower-incomeearners.

  Strict supervision

  Wu Weiqiang (Hangzhou Daily ): Currently, a real name registrationsystem is used in order to receive a doctor's appointment at hospitals.Therefore, the patient who meets the doctor should be the same as the one whoregisters for the number. If the process were controlled as strictly as itshould, there would have been no scalping problem.

  The prevalence of scalpers indicates that there are loopholes in theprocess. Workers at the registration office as well as doctors can provideleeway to bend the rules.

  I don't want to dwell upon the shortage of medical services or theirimbalanced distribution. The fact that a profession designed to treat illnessesand save lives has been turned into a money-making business has shocked me. Inaddition, allowing topnotch experts to work part-time at private hospitalscontributes to the growing scarcity of registration tickets for experts inpublic hospitals.

  In addition to making the registration process more transparent and fairas well as punishing wrongdoers in accordance with the law, hospitals shouldalso uphold a clear conscience and follow moral decency.

  Qin Chuan (People's Daily ): The problem of rampant ticket scalping inhospitals deserves attention and needs to be solved urgently.

  Why are scalpers so competent at getting a ticket with ease? Althoughthere are some who buy their ticket by getting up early to queue up in front ofthe registration office, there are still those who connive with hospital staffto get tickets. If those workers' nefarious activities are left unpunished, thescalpers will never disappear.

  The hospital's management should intervene and work with relevantgovernment departments to crack down on such malpractices in order to create afair environment for patients.

  Ticket scalpers have seriously harmed the healthy development ofhospitals. They are able to make high profits while only being subject to lightpunishment. Although ticket scalping meets the conditions of illegal businessoperations in the Criminal Law and should be punished accordingly, in manyplaces, the scalpers only pay fines or are detained for several days whencaught. As a result, a number of those criminals are willing to take the risksto achieve fat profits. The problem can hardly be removed without dealing out harsherpunishments.

  For patients who are already shouldering expensive medical fees, havingto deal with scalpers just adds to their burden.

  Everyone should think about how to solve this dilemma and enable easieraccess to medical treatment for citizens. Otherwise, the strained relationshipbetween doctors and patients in China will never be alleviated.

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