历年基础口译真题及答案解析

来源:上外培训网   发布时间:2014-08-26   作者:上外培训网

  PART A Spot Dictation

  Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the word or words you have heard on the tape. Write your answer in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Remember you will hear the passage TWICE.

  Internet addiction or IAD is one of the newest terms to enter the medical lexicon. It may ____________ (1) or even amusing to many, but psychologists are finding it an ____________ (2) real problem among younger generations. IAD can mostly be seen among young people aged between ____________ (3) years old. It displays all of the typical addiction-related problems like ____________ (4), lack of rational thinking and uncontrollable cravings, just like those ____________ (5) by any addict hooked on drugs, alcohol or junk food.

  Those with IAD may suffer disastrous consequences. Many students who spend ____________ (6) on Internet interactions may fail exams simply because they neglect ____________ (7). Then there are those who are so ____________ (8) on the Internet that they fail to make new friends among ____________ (9). Many adults with IAD ____________ (10) to concentrate on their work and some of them have even lost their ____________ (11).

  Many psychologists studying IAD find that one of the biggest problems is that ____________ (12) spend more time establishing electronic relationships than human ones. The ____________ (13) to form real interpersonal relationships can have a ____________ (14) on the user. Over time, an online-user may become so ____________ (15) that he is unable to function in the real world with real people. IAD ____________ (16) traditional relationships. An Internet addict avoids real-life emotions and intimacy and chooses to ____________ (17) a relationship with someone he has not met.

  IAD also affects an online-user ____________ (18). Firstly, sitting for hours in front of the computer screen is not a healthy activity. It ____________ (19) any part of the body except perhaps the fingers. Long hours sitting in front of a computer can also result in ____________ (20), let alone the harm it does to the eyes.

  PART B Listening Comprehension

  I. Statements

  Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 10 short statements. These statements will be spoken ONLY ONCE, and you will not find them written in the paper, so you must listen carefully. When you hear a statement, read the answer choices and decide which one is closest in meaning to the statement you have heard. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

  1. A. The car is burning and it gives off some smoke.

  B. There's a lot of smoke in this car.

  C. You can't have a cigarette in this car.

  D. It is possible for one to smoke in the car.

  2. A. I prefer singing to drawing.

  B. To me, painting is more difficult than music.

  C. I can draw a horse, however, singing sounds difficult.

  D. I'm good at singing and drawing.

  3. A. The plane is supposed to take off at 7: 30.

  B. The speaker is half an hour late.

  C. The plane left 30 minutes earlier.

  D. It's at 8:30 that the plane must leave the airport.

  4. A. The speaker is asking for help when carrying a light box.

  B. The light bulb went off.

  C. Something goes wrong with my lighter. The liquid is coming out.

  D. The speaker is borrowing a lighter.

  5. A. It is a fine day today.

  B. I'm lucky to have another blue kite.

  C. Again, the speaker is very fortunate to see Kate.

  D. Blue is the speaker's lucky colour.

  6. A. The speaker is curious about these books.

  B. The speaker has some books in his hand.

  C. The speaker is moving the books to tile shelf.

  D. The speaker is asking for help to move the books on the shelf down.

  7. A. Bob was invited to dance with Mary.

  B. Mary was here just now while Bob not.

  C. Mary was not willing to invite Bob.

  D. Bob refused to dance with Mary just now.

  8. A. The speaker is staying at the hospital now.

  B. There's something wrong with the speaker's car.

  C. The speaker is a doctor.

  D. The speaker is asked to check the headlight.

  9. A. He drove to the store from the company.

  B. It's hard for him to drive.

  C. He put a lot of information into the computer.

  D. Driving in the company is forbidden.

  10. A. Tom looks quite well in America.

  B. Tom is sure to succeed in America.

  C. Tom will make a lot of money in America

  D. Tom is a good American.

  II. Short Conversations

  Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 10 short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a third voice will ask a question about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken ONLY ONCE. After you hear a conversation and a question about it, read the four possible answers in your paper and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

  11. A. He's defending his copyright.

  B. He wants to copy something instead of eating.

  C. He orders the same food as the woman.

  D. He asks the waiter to copy what he said.

  12. A. Boxing. B. Modeling. C. Bowling. D. Racing.

  13. A. To a bakery. B. To a cinema.

  C. To a booking office. D. To a drugstore.

  14. A. Hotel clerk and resident. B. Teacher and student.

  C. Driver and passenger. D. Doctor and patient.

  15. A. $2.5. B. $2.6. C. $3. D. $4.

  16. A. In the supermarket. B. In the hairdresser's.

  C. In the cloth store. D. In the post office.

  17. A. Her cat. B. A sofa. C. Gloves. D. Jim.

  18. A. At l0:30. B. At 10:50. C. At 11:00. D. At 11:20.

  19. A. He will stop for some bread when returning home.

  B. He will run home after work.

  C. He will bring some bread to the office.

  D. He will pick up his wife from work.

  20. A. The woman is recommending a hat to Mr. Right.

  B. The man is being photographed.

  C. The man is visiting a doctor.

  D. The man is trying on his new hat.

  PART A Spot Dictation (30%)

  1. sound strange 2. increasingly 3. 14 and 30

  4. loss of control 5. experienced 6. hundreds of hours

  7. their studies 8. hooked 9. fellow students

  10. have been unable 11. jobs 12. Net-surfers

  13. inability 14. harmful effect 15. isolated

  16. does harm to 17. maintain 18. physically

  19. does not exercise 20. back problems

  PART B Listening Comprehension (40%)

  I. Statements (20%)

  1-5 C B A D A 6-10 D B B C B

  II. Short Conversations (20%)

  11-15 C C D A B 16-20 B C C A B

  PART C Listening and Translation (30%)

  I. Sentence Translation (15%)

  1. 谢谢你的邀请,但我恐怕去不了,因为我有个约会。

  2. 下学期我想改变一下,选修历史课。你觉得怎么样?

  3. 据最近的一项调查,美国人每年吸大约70亿支香烟,其中37%为女性吸烟者。

  4. 我想预订明天下午5点供12个人用的桌子。我的手机号码是13336678489。

  5. 毫无疑问,全世界正面临着的一个十分严重的问题是少年吸毒问题。

  II. Passage Translation (15%)

  1. 现代奥运会是和平时期所组织的最大规模的活动,具有全球影响。举办奥运会的城市展开双臂,欢迎来自世界各地的人们。如今,举办城市要花7年时间为奥运会做准备。

  2. 众所周知,我们面临着人口过剩和世界人口急速增长的问题。这是个十分严重的问题,但并不是唯一的问题。通货膨胀和食品价格的上升使得穷人很难买得起足够的食物来维持生计。

  3. 在欧洲,15岁到29岁年龄段死亡的男性中,有1/4与喝酒有关。在东欧的一些地方,这个数字高达1/3。去年,这个地区共有55,000名年轻人的死因与喝酒有关。

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