历年基础口译真题精选

来源:上外培训网   发布时间:2014-08-26   作者:上外培训网

  PART A Spot Dictation

  Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the word or words you have heard on the tape. Write your answer in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Remember you will hear the passage TWICE.

  Internet addiction or IAD is one of the newest terms to enter the medical lexicon. It may sound strange or even amusing to many, but psychologists are finding it an increasingly real problem among younger generations, IAD can mostly be seen among young people aged between 14 and 30 years old. It displays all of the typical addiction-related problems like loss of control, lack of rational thinking and uncontrollable cravings, just like those experienced by any addict hooked on drugs, alcohol or junk food.

  Those with IAD may suffer disastrous consequences. Many students who spend hundreds of hours on Internet interactions may fail exams simply because they neglect their studies. Then there are those who are so hooked on the Internet that they fail to make new friends among fellow students. Many adults with IAD have been unable to concentrate on their work and some of them have even lost their jobs.

  Many psychologists studying IAD find that one of the biggest problems is that Net-surfers spend more time establishing electronic relationships than human ones. The inability to form real interpersonal relationships can have a harmful effect on the user. Over time, an online-user may become so isolated that he is unable to function in the real world with real people. IAD does harm to traditional relationships. An Internet addict avoids real-life emotions and intimacy and chooses to maintain a relationship with someone he has not met.

  IAD also affects an online-user physically. Firstly, sitting for hours in front of the computer screen is not a healthy activity. It does not exercise any part of the body except perhaps the fingers. Long hours sitting in front of a computer can also result in back problems, let alone the harm it does to the eyes.

  PART B Listening Comprehension

  I. Statements

  Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 10 short statements. These statements will be spoken ONLY ONCE, and you will not find them written in the paper, so you must listen carefully. When you hear a statement, read the answer choices and decide which one is closest in meaning to the statement you have heard. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

  1. Smoking is not allowed in this car.

  2. To sing a song is hard for me, but you know, to draw a horse well is harder.

  3. The plane should have left half an hour ago. Look! It's already 8.

  4. My lighter is out of liquid. Can you lend me yours?

  5. Lucky to have blue skies tomorrow again.

  6. I wonder if you could give me a hand with these books on the shelf.

  7. Had Bob been here just now, Mary could have invited him to dance.

  8. My headlight is broken again and can you check it now?

  9. He stored a lot on the hard drive in the company

  10. I'm sure that Tom will make good in America.

  II. Short Conversations

  Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 10 short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a third voice will ask a question about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken ONLY ONCE. After you hear a conversation and a question about it, read the four possible answers in your paper and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET

  11. W: I'd like a bacon, eggs and a coffee.

  M: I'll have a copy, please.

  Q: What does the man imply?

  12. W: OK, I gave up. It's too hard for me.

  M: Look at the girl on the next lane. She hit a strike.

  Q: What are they talking about?

  13. W: Would you please get this film developed for me?

  M: No problem, and in fact, I have one roll too.

  Q: Where is the man going?

  14. W: What can I do for you, sir?

  M: I'd like a morning call at six tomorrow.

  Q: What's the possible relationship between these speakers?

  15. W: Here's five dollars.

  M: Two dollars and forty cents for this glass. And here's your change.

  Q: How much is the change?

  16. W: Hi, I want to have a perm.

  M: OK, but dyeing maybe fits you better.

  Q: Where does this dialogue most possibly take place?

  17. W: Jim, have you seen my gloves?

  M: Yes, on the sofa, ah ... now in the cat's mouth.

  Q: What is the woman looking for?

  18. W: It's ten thirty now, Oliver, you'd better go to bed.

  M: Oh, mum, let me stay another half hour, OK? The basketball match will be finished in 20 minutes.

  Q: When will Oliver go to bed?

  19. W: We've run out of bread, darling.

  M: I'll pick up some on my way home from work.

  Q: What will the man do?

  20. W: Well, Mr. Right, could you pose yourself in a more relaxed way? You're too stiff.

  M: But what about my hat? On my head? In my hand?

  Q: What are they doing?

  PART C Listening and Translation

  I. Sentence Translation

  Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 5 English sentences. You will hear the sentences ONLY ONCE. After you have heard each sentence, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

  1. Thank you very much for your invitation, but I'm afraid I cannot make it because I have an engagement.

  2. I'm thinking of taking the history course next term, just for a change. What's your opinion about it?

  3. According to a recent survey, Americans smoke about 7 billion cigarettes every year, among whom 37% are women.

  4. I'd like to book a table for 12 people tomorrow afternoon at five o'clock. My cell phone number is 13336678489.

  5. There is no doubt that one of the serious problems facing the world is that of drug abuse among teenagers.

  II. Passage Translation

  Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 3 English passages. You will hear the passages ONLY ONCE. After you have heard each passage, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. You may take notes while you are listening.

  1. The modern Olympic Games are the biggest events ever organized in peace time. They have a universal impact. The city which hosts the games welcomes the whole world with open arms. These days seven years are required for the host city to set up the Olympic event.

  2. As everyone knows, we have the problem of overpopulation and the rapidly increasing world population. This is a very serious problem but of course it is not the only problem. Inflation and the increased cost of food are making it impossible for the poor to buy enough food to live on.

  3. In Europe, one in four deaths of men in the age group 15 to 29 is related to alcohol. In parts of Eastern Europe, the figure is as high as one in three. All in all, 55,000 young people in this region died from causes related to alcohol use last year.

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