来源：上外培训网 发布时间：2015-04-03 作者：
本次考试Spot dictation原文来自2014年4月 VOA Special English Health Report，这已经是自2011年以来来第8次spot dictation取材来自VOA Special English report, 这也为以后学习基口的学生指明了学习的方向。Spot dictation总体难度比今年4月略微下降，但篇幅长度略有增加。从所填词汇来看，数字仍旧是考察重点，整体而言，所填词汇整体难度不大，略有难度的词汇在我们的常规班听力授课讲义基本都覆盖到。
注：VOA Special English做精听的材料。精听不仅是从根本上提高听力能力的唯一方法，VOA special English的难度和材料都十分适合学生们做精听。近年来，基口考试更具国际化趋势，其取材也不再局限于本土化。
10月6日下午基础口译的spot dictation 选自美国之音慢速英语健康报道，是关于科学家们探索节奏治愈的能力。
American researchers say contact with rhythm may help people with neurological diseases lead a better life. The researchers reported the finding after they carried out experiments with a famous rock and roll musician.
Scientists say that timing has a major influence on how the human brain works, and when the timing is off, so is the processing of information.
The new study is the work of researchers at the University of California, San Francisco. They examined the brain of Mickey Hart. He is a former member of the rock group The Grateful Dead. For the study, he was asked to play electronic drums as a part of a computer game.
Doctor Adam Gazzaley is a neurologist. He says the experiments combined neuroscience with modern technology - gaming and the virtual world.
"So we couple these three different worlds together, use them to inform. each other and create really the most powerful real time neural activity visualizer that anyone has ever seen," he said.
Mickey Hart wore a special headgear with sensors as he played the drums. In another room, scientists watched how his brain reacted to the orderly beat or rhythm. They watched how his eyes move, they measured changes in his blood flow and body temperature.
All this information showed his brain's activity in real-time. Mickey Hart says, he is interested in knowing how his brain, what he calls "the master clock" works.
"What is that power, how do we use it, how to we repeat and how can we make a better world using the tools that we have been given. This super organism, there is nothing better than this, this master clock," said Hart.
Researcher Adam Gazzaley says he wanted to see if rhythm could perhaps repair damaged connections in a patient's brain.
"So the idea is that if we can teach the brain how to become a better timing machine, better rhythmically, that your brain will perform. at a more optimal level and it will translate into how you interact with the world around you and lead to a better quality of life," he said.
Mickey Hart has been interested in the power of music for many year. In the 1980s, he used music to connect with his grandmother who was suffering from Alzheimer's disease. She had not spoken in a year. When he played the drums, she spoke his name, and started talking again.
Scientists say their goal is to use rhythm training and even video games to improve brain function. They believe that when the brain operates efficiently, people enjoy a better quality of life.
与2014年4月的基础口译考试相比，本次statements的难度有所上升，如第1句if not的使用，第5句urge sb to do sth的用法等等，但是不管题目怎么变，依然有些东西没有变，如虚拟语气的考察，因果关系的考察等等，这些在我们的课堂上不仅是重中之重，并且还为广大考生们总结了常见关系的高频词汇>>点击查看
1. Da Vinci was one of the greatest if not the greatest artists of modern time.
2. He attempted the experiment several times, but after five hours, he gave it up.
3. You can call yourself lucky if you can find a place to stand in that restaurant.
4. Because of the strike, oil price has been high recently.
5. We have to leave before breakfast was ready as we were urged to do so.
解析：urge to do sth. 的被动语态，被迫使做某事。
6. We are often told that appearances can be misleading.
7. The company had the digital cameras sent to Martin when they got the complaint
解析：have sth. done，找人做某事。complaint，投诉。
8. How I wish I won the lottery, I bought a house and a car on higher purchase.
9. After supper, Susan sister always says that she has to see about something in the flower garden.
10. Class begins at 8:30 sharp, you can get all the information from Mr. Green.
M: Wait a minute, I want to look at the pictures in the window.
W: I see some jeans on sale, how about going inside and having a look?
Q: Where does the conversation probably take place?
M: Would you like to go hiking with me?
W: Why not?
Q: What does the woman mean?
解析：why not? 为什么不呢?表示非常愿意。
13. (听力教程Unit 1/ Short conversations No. 14改写)
M: Sorry to keep you waiting, sir, but we are sure the flight to Sidney is to take off in about 2 hours.
W: Another 2 hours? Don’t you know it’s already 5 pm?
Q: When will the flight take off?
W: Lijiang is famous for its beautiful scenery.
M: So is Guilin.
Q: What does the man mean?
W: What about our program for tomorrow?
M: Let me see. A staff meeting at nine in the morning, lunch with Mr. Kim, sales manager of the company and then a trip to Shanghai at 4 pm.
What will they be doing tomorrow morning?
W: Excuse me, it’s a little stuffy here, would you mind my opening the window?
M: Stuffy? I feel a little bit cold here.
Q: What does the man mean?
W: Excuse me, my pen has run out of ink, could you lend me one?
M: Sorry, I’m using it myself, but I got another ballpoint pen.
Q: What does the man imply?
解析：run out of 用完
W: Could you wait for me when I go to fetch my luggage?
M: Certainly. *** keeps in the line.(此处音频磨损)
Q: Who are they?
解析：fetch the luggage 拿行李。
19. (基口讲义P9/short conversations No. 10)
W:Mr. Donaldson gave me a raise yesterday.
M: Once in a blue moon. I’ve been working for him for 5 years and get nothing.
Q: How does the man feel about Mr. Donaldson?
解析：once in a blue moon, 表示千载难逢的。raise，加薪。
20. (听力教程Unit 12/Short conversation No. 20改写)
W: I’d like to check the balance and this is my account number.
M: Wait a moment. You opened the account on March 10, and put in 1,500 dollars, and the next day you took out 600 dollars, now in your account, you …
Q: How much is in this woman’s account now?
1. Cities contain the very best aspects of a society, opportunities for education, employment and entertainment.
2. Small and friendly dogs are often used at crowded airports to smell for illegal food products in luggage.
3. Among the country's adult population, over 85% have completed the high school and 27% have finished college.
(听力教程Unit 6 / ST No.3)
4. We have to deal with a lot of things in school and in our lives, we need to be confident about ourselves.
(听力教程Unit 7 / ST No.4)
5. In the United States, it's common for a man to shake hands with another man when they are being introduced.
(听力教程Unit 8 / ST No. 3)
近两年考试趋势以及本次情况来看，听力教程和我们的课堂讲义才是王道，基础口译考前冲刺班你绝对不能错过!!!听力教程的原题重心开始向listening and translation转移。
1. 听力原文：Researchers from 26 universities around the world are working on a project on potatoes. More than a billion people worldwide eat potatoes, and scientists say that number is growing as the demand for food increases. Most people would be surprised to know it’s the world’s third most important crop.
(来自听力讲义U9的9.4.1第一段; 听力教程unit1文本P205 答案P167)
2. 听力原文：Satisfaction with life starts to drop as early as a person’s late 20s and does not begin to recover until well past 50. Both the 25 year-old and 65 year-old might agree that it is nicer to be 25 than to be 65. And the 65 year-old might have learned to be satisfied with what he has.
(90%来自听力讲义U8的8.4.2第三段;听力教程Unit 12 答案189 文本P299)
3. 听力原文：Researchers have found that chewing gum for 5 minutes before taking a test will improve people’s performance. However, chewing during the test has an opposite effect because it disturbs concentration and thinking.
(来自听力教程Unit 15 句子翻译4 答案p195 文本p324)