英语中级口译笔试考前必练:汉译英

来源:网络   发布时间:2014-08-28   作者:上外口译培训

  英译汉和汉译英是中级口译笔试的翻译部分试题,考生在备考的时候要进行专题练习,提高自己的英汉互译能力,练习素材很重要,上外口译为各位考生精选了中级口译翻译练习模拟题,含参考译文,供大家练习使用。

  Passage 3

  汉译英原文:

  我们社会主义市场经济体制的建立和发展,要求我们改革和完善社会福利保障体制,从而对社会服务提出了更高的要求。//随着政府职能的转变,原来由政府包揽的许多社会服务工作,有相当一部分将逐步转移到社会团体和民间组织。//一方面,政府的宏观管理责任将会变得更加重大。另一方面,社会团体和民间组织有必要参与更多的社区服务工作。//这样就提出一个课题:政府和社会团体如何密切合作,如何分工协作,更好地推进社区服务事业。//

  参考译文:

  The establishment and development of China's socialist market economy requires the reform and improvement in our social welfare and security system, which in turn places higher expectations on the work of community service.//With the transformation of governmental functions, much of the work involving social services that was initially undertaken by the government will have to be transferred gradually to social groups and non-governmental organizations.// On the one hand, the government will shoulder great responsibilities in its macro-management; and on the other hand, social groups and non-governmental organizations will need to involve themselves more in community service.// Consequently, there has emerged an issue which concerns the way of a closecollaboration and the division of responsibilities between the government and social groups, in order to further the development of community service.

  Passage 4

  汉译英原文:

  春节期间的娱乐活动多种多样,丰富多彩。耍龙灯和舞狮子是春节期间的传统项目。还有一种至今仍受人欢迎的传统表演活动,叫踩高跷。//现在,随着生活水平的不断提高,人们采用了新的方式庆祝新年。但不管庆祝方式怎么变,春节的精华不会变,那就是为了祈求新年吉祥如意。//家家户户都会打扫的干干净净,门上都会贴上对联,人人都会穿上新衣裳,拿出最精美的食物,团聚在一起,互道吉利,表示祝贺。//最重要的是,春节是一个合家欢聚的日子,出门在外的人总要想方设法在除夕夜到来之前赶回家,吃上一年中最重要的一段饭——“团圆饭”。//

  参考译文:

  The recreational activities during the Spring Festival are varied and colorful. The Dragon Dance and Lion Dance are traditionally performed during the festival. Walking on stilts is another traditional performance event popular in china. //Nowadays, with the improvement of living standards, people have taken up new ways to celebrate the New Year. No matter what change there might be, the highlights of the Spring Festival will remain the same: hoping for a propitious and happy new year.//Each family will clean up the house and put up an antithetical couplet on each side of the door. Dressed up in their best, people will get together, treat each other to the most delicious foods and exchange auspicious greetings.//Most important of all, the Spring Festival is the occasion for a family reunion. People away from home for various reasons will always try their best to come back before the New Year's Eve for the family reunion dinner, the most important meal of the year.//

  Passage 5

  汉译英原文:

  香港中文大学,简称“中大”,成立于1963年。中大是一所研究型综合大学,以“结合传统与现代,融汇中国与西方”为创校使命。//40多年来,中大一直致力于弘扬中华传统文化,坚持双语教育,并推行独特的书院制度,在香港教育界卓然而立。中大校园占地134 公顷,是世界上最美丽的校园之一。//中大的师生来自世界各地。有教职员工5200多人,近万名本科生、约2000多名研究生,其中约2500多人来自45个不同的国家和地区。//中大实行灵活的学分制,不仅有助于培养有专有博的人才,而且还赋予学生更大的学习自主权。中大的多元教育有助于充分发挥每一个学生的潜能。//

  参考译文:

  The Chinese University of Hong Kong, CUHK for short, was founded in 1963. It is a research-oriented comprehensive university with a mission to combine tradition with modernity and bring together China and the West.//For more than 40 years, we have been distinguished from other local universities by virtue of our rich Chinese cultural heritage, bilingual education, and our unique college system. CUHK's 134-hectare campus is one of the most beautiful campuses in the world.//CUHK's faculty and students come from all corners of the world. It has more than 5200 staff members, approximately 10,000 undergraduates, and 2000 postgraduate students. Of these students, some 2,500 are from 45 countries and regions outside Hong Kong.//The flexible credit unit system allows a balance between depth with breadth, and a high degree of free choice of students in designing their own learning. The multi-faceted education at CUHK helps to bring out the best in every student.//

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