英语中级口译考前必练:汉译英

来源:网络   发布时间:2014-08-28   作者:上外口译培训

  备考英语中级口译考试必须积累大量学习素材,考生在平时练习中,应该多进行总结分析,翻译是中级口译考试中的重要部分,翻译练习素材很关键,好的试题能快速提高考生的翻译水平。上外口译为各位考生整理一些中级口译翻译练习模拟题,供大家练习使用。

  Translate the following into English:

  Passage 8

  过去10年,海平面升高和森林砍伐的速度都是前所未有的;生态恶化、物种灭绝、臭氧层被破坏、温室效应、酸雨等一系列环境问题已经严重影响到人类的生存环境。// 环境恶化造成的问题之一就是缺水。目前全世界40%以上的人口,即20 多亿人,面临缺水问题。据预测,未来25 年全球人口将由60 亿增长到80 亿,环境保护面临更大的压力。// 中国作为一个发展中国家,面临着发展经济和保护环境的双重任务。从国情出发,中国在全面推进现代化的过程中,将环境保护视为一项基本国策。// 众所周知,对生态环境和生物多样性的保护是环保工作的重点。我国野生动植物物种丰富,仅脊椎动物就有6000 多种左右,高等植物3 万多种。//

  【参考译文】

  Sea level rose and forest were destroyed at an unprecedented rate during the last decade. A series of environmental problems such as the deterioration of ecosystem , the extinction of bio-species, damage to the ozone layer, the green-house effect, acid rain, have posed a serious threat to human living conditions.// Environmental crisis leads to one of the serious problems, namely, water shortage. Presently, more than 40% of the world's population, more than 2 billion people, now face water shortage. It is predicted that with the global population expected to increase from six billion to eight billion over the next 25 years, more pressure on environmental protection stress is expected.// As a developing country, China is confronted with the dual task of developing the economy and protecting the environment. Proceeding from its national conditions, China has, in the process of promoting its overall modernization program, made environmental protection one of its basic state policies.// It is known to all that protection of the ecological environment and biodiversity is the focal point of environmental protection work. China is rich in wildlife species. There are about 6,000 vertebrates alone and 30,000 species of higher plants.//

  Passage 9

  为了切实保护儿童权益,中国的立法、司法、政府各有关部门以及社会团体都建立了相应的机制,以监督、实施和促进保护儿童事业的健康发展。// 中国政府动员社会采取多种方式关心和帮助残疾儿童的成长,大力弘扬残疾儿童自强不息的精神,倡导团结、友爱、互助的道德风尚。// 中国民族素有“携幼”,“爱幼”的传统美德,中国古语“幼吾幼以及人之幼”流传至今。// 我们要在全社会倡导树立“爱护儿童、教育儿童、为儿童做表率、为儿童办实事”的公民意识,并努力为儿童事业的发展创造良好的社会条件。//

  【参考译文】

  To effectively protect children's rights and interests, China's legislation, judicial and government departments concerned as well as non-governmental organizations have set up corresponding mechanisms to supervise, facilitate and promote the healthy development of the work on protecting children.// The Chinese government has done a great deal to mobilize various circles in society to care for, in various manners , the development of disabled children, to greatly encourage the spirit of unceasing self-improvement among physically disadvantaged children and to advocate the valued social virtues of unity, friendship and mutual aid.// The Chinese nation has long cultivated the traditional virtues of “bring up the young” and “caring for the young”. An old Chinese saying that “love our children and love others' children in the same manner” is still very popular.// We should urge the society at large to raise the awareness of importance of “protecting and educating children, and setting a good example and doing practical thing for children”. We will spare no efforts to create favorable social conditions for the progress of child development programs.//

  Passage 10

  武术在我国源远流长,是中华民族传统文化的瑰宝。我们知道,一个民族的优秀文化遗产,不仅仅属于一个民族,它会逐渐传播到世界而成为人类的共同财富。// 为了更好的推广武术运动,使其与奥运项目接轨,中国武协和国际武联做了大量的艰苦卓绝的工作。现在武术运动已被列为一种与保龄球运动和国际标准舞有同等地位的奥运表演项目。//武术的蓬勃发展,除得益于其项目本身的吸引力之外,早期移居海外的一代武术大师功不可没。//老一代武术家在海外播种下了武术的种子,使武术这门既可以自卫又可以健身的运动很快就在新的土地上扎下了根。今天高超的武术大师已遍布世界各地,武术爱好者也与日俱增。//

  【参考译文】

  Wushu, or Chinese martial art, can be traced back to ancient times. It is a gem of Chinese traditional culture. As we all know, the fine culture of a nation doesn't belong to the nation alone and it will be spread to the rest of the world and shared by all humanity.// The Chinese Wushu Association and International Wushu Federation (IWUF) have been working very hard to popularize wushu and make the Chinese martial art closer to the Olympic Movement. Wushu was accepted to join bowling and international standard dance as an Olympic demonstration event.// The booming of wushu is attributed not only to the attractiveness of the sport but also to emigrant Chinese wushu masters over the years.// Martial artists of the older generations have sown wushu seeds in foreign countries. Wushu, which can be used as self defense and can keep practitioners fit and strong, soon became popular on new lands. Today superb wushu masters are active all over the world, and amateurs are on the increase with each passing day.

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