来源：网络 发布时间：2015-01-14 作者：上外培训网
The whole world is concerned with current status of environmental protection in China. Briefly speaking, it can be summarized by the following two points: first, the environmental protection work of China has been promoted in an all round way with big achievement. Second, environmental problems in China are very grave at present. We are taking a series of measures to facilitate integrated environmental control. We have both confidence and ability to address these environment problems during the development.
In the first place, I will briefly introduce to you the achievements of China in environmental protection. The Central government has taken environmental protection as a basic national policy and sustainable development as a key strategy since 1984. We adhere to the path of new mode of industrialization and let the outlook on scientific development to guide environmental protection cause. We have adhered the principles of prevention first, integrated treatment, promote the work in an all round way with breakthroughs in key areas and strived for addressing pre-eminent environmental problems affecting human health. During this process, we stick to innovating environmental management institution and mechanism, depend on scientific progress, mobilize the force of the whole society for comprehensive environmental treatment.
First, continuous improvement of environmental laws, regulations and standard. China has promulgated and effectively implemented 9environmental laws on environmental protection, 15 laws on the conservation of natural resources and more 50 administrative regulations on environmental protection. Relevant departments of the central government, people’s congress at all levels local governments have developed more than 660 local regulations and sectoral regulations in line with their legal terms of reference. At the same time, environment standard system has gradually developed. Up to the end of 2007, China had issued over 1,100 environmental protection standards in total, and provinces and municipalities like Beijing, Shanghai, Shandong and Henan have formulated over 30 local environmental protection standards. At present, more than3,000 environmental standards are under development.
Second, the development of environmental protection institutions and forces is under continuous enhancement. Since the startup of environmental protection work in 1973, the amount of environmental institutions across reached 11,932 with about 170,000people. As you know, China has carried out government institution reform early this year. With certain reduction of government department, the State Environmental Protection Administration has been upgraded to Ministry of Environmental Protection with enhanced comprehensive functions. This fully shows high attention of CCCPC and central government to environmental protection.
Third, the work on the prevention and control of environmental pollution has gained substantial achievements. It is mainly showed in the followings: continuous improvement of environmental quality. For example, there is certain decline of air pollution. The average concentration of PM and SO2 in urban air has both dropped. The percent of cities with air quality meeting Grade II National Air Quality Standard increased from to 58.1%. The deteriorating trend of water environment has been under basic control. The percent of monitoring sections meeting Grade III national surface water standard across the country has went up from 32% in 2000 to 49% in 2007. In continuous efforts of controlling the pollution in key regions, watersheds and coastal waters, the central government identified the binding target of 10% reduction of total discharge of major pollutants, which greatly facilitates emission reduction work in China. In 2007, the installed capacity of power generation units with desulphurization facilities in China reached 266 million kW nationwide, and it is expected that it will reach 350-400 million kW by the end of this 2008. Urban wastewater treatment capacity has been dramatically raised. The urban wastewater treatment rate stood at 45.6% in 2004, and went up to 60% in 2007. It is expected that we will develop a total capacity of 100 million t/d in sewage treatment by the year 2010.
Fourth, ecological conservation work has gained positive progress. The Ministry of Environmental Protection has issued such documents as the Outline of the Planning of Nationwide Rural Environmental Pollution Prevention and Control, National Zoning of Key Ecological Functions, Outline of the Planning for Nature Reserves and Outline of National Planning for the Conservation and Utilization of Biological Species Resources. Moreover, the State Council has issued a document on rural environmental protection.