2012年9月中级口译考试真题及参考答案(1)

来源:网络   发布时间:2015-01-15   作者:上外培训网

  真题练习是口译备考必不可少的一个复习方法,上外口译整理了近几年来中高级口译相关真题及参考答案——Spot Dictation及Statements,助大家备考一臂之力。

 

  Spot Dictation:

  We all have problems and barriers that block our progress, or prevent us from moving into new areas. Our problems might include the fear of speaking in front of a group, anxiety about math problems, or the reluctance to sound silly trying to speak a foreign language. It's natural to have problems and barriers, but sometimes they limit our experience so much, we get bored with life. When that happens, consider the following three ways of dealing with the problem or barrier.

  One way is to pretend it doesn't exist. Avoid it, deny it, and lie about it. It's like turning your head the other way, putting on a fake grin, and saying, "See, there's really no problem at all. Everything is fine."

  In addition to looking foolish, this approach leaves the barrier intact, and we keep bumping into it. So, a second approach is to fight the barrier, to struggle against it. This usually makes the barrier grow. It increases the barrier's magnitude. A person who is obsessed with weight might constantly worry about being fat. He might struggle with it every day, trying diet after diet. And the more he struggles, the bigger the problem gets.

  The third alternative is to love the barrier. Accept it. Totally experience it. Tell the truth about it. Describe it in detail.

  Applying this process is easier if you remember two ideas. First, loving a problem is not necessarily the same as enjoying it. Love in this sense means total and unconditional acceptance. Second, unconditional acceptance is not the same as unconditional surrender. Accepting a problem is different than giving up or escaping from it. Rather, this process involves escaping into the problem, diving into it headfirst, and getting to know it in detail.

  Often the most effective solutions come, when we face a problem squarely, with eyes wide open, then we can move through the problem, instead of around it. When you are willing to love your problems, you drain them of much of their energy.

  【点评】

  本文选自Dave Ellis 的著作Becoming a Master Student其中的一个章节:Love your problems and experience your barriers,本文主要介绍了解决问题的三种办法,第一种是直接无视它,就当不存在;第二种是正视它,挑战它,第三种则是爱上困难,充分体验。然后又 给出两个观点,教你更容易地应用这些办法。

  总体而言,难度不大,文章选材方面还是比较中规中矩的,关于问题和困难的相关话题也是考生比较熟悉的部分。词汇方面也没有什么难词偏僻词,考生应该不会感到太难。

  Statements:

  Question1:

  Obviously Kell has been unhappy with her present job. She works as a nurse but she would drop a teacher at a primary or secondary school.

  Question2:

  We don't have enough information for our financial plan, but it's due tomorrow. I'm afraid we'll just have to make do with what we have got.

  Question3:

  There is more pressure than ever in the competitive job market to stand out from the crowd. Continuing your education is one way to get that extra edge.

  Question4:

  Our production supervisor warned John to punch in on time, dress appropriately for the job and stop taking extra breaks.

  Question5:

  The ability to work effectively with people from other countries is especially important if you plan a career in MMC management where international experience is an essential prerequisite.

  Question6:

  Now it is common to find fast food restaurants everywhere. These restaurants serve people who are too rushed to find time to eat a proper meal.

  Question7:

  Makinen hit what appeared to be oil on the road,and his car slammedinto a concrete barrier, tearing the right rear wheel almost completely off his Mitsubishi Lancer.

  Question8:

  One of the greatest public health successes has been the massive decline in smoking rates, which are now translating into reduced deaths from cancer and heart disease.

  Question9:

  In modern society, private houses are not just places for people to live in. Rich people have long-viewed real-estate as a suitable vehicle for their earnings.

  Question10:

  You need to draw a vertical line two inches from the left edge of your note-taking page. With this line, you still have six inches of space on the right to write down you notes.

  【点评】

  1. 此题描述对现在工作的不满和宁愿做的工作。重点在but后面。

  2. 此题描述利用现在资源做经济计划的事。考生应注意due(到期)以及make do with(勉强应对)便可知题意。

  3. 此题描述如何应对就业压力大的一种方法。难点在extra edge (额外的奖励或优势)。

  4. 此题描述主管对John的要求。找准三个并列动词就易于理解。

  5. 此题描述什么情况下同外国人有效地工作很必要。题中有个从句,where,修饰MMC。

  6. 此题描述快餐店服务的人群。重点在第二句,fast restaurant 应为熟知单词,根据意思也能理解题意。

  7. 此题描述Makinen 撞车的原因和结果。难点是单词,concrete barrier (水泥栏杆),rear wheel(后轮)。

  8. 此题描述公众健康取得的一大成就。难点是要了解一些普通疾病的说法以及death rate(死亡率),decline(下降)。

  9. 此题描述私人住宅不仅是用来居住的现状。real-estate(不动产),vehicle (工具,媒介)。

  10. 此题描述划线的问题。掌握单词vertical (垂直的),考生还应注意具体数字。

       

  更多推荐>>2014年9月中级口译翻译真题英译汉(含答案)

 

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