来源：网络 发布时间：2015-01-22 作者：上外培训网
Part C: Listening and Translation
1. Sentence Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 5 sentences in English. You will hear the sentences ONLY ONCE. After you have heard each sentence, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
2. Passage Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 passages in English. You will hear the passage ONLY ONCE. After you have heard each passage, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. You may take notes while you are listening.
Sentence Translation及Passage Translation答案
SECTION 2: STUDY SKILLS (45 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you wiIl read several passages. Each passage is followed by several questions based on its content. You are to choose ONE best answer, (A), (B), (C) or (D), to each question. Answer all the questions following each passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in that passage and write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
I came across an old country guide the other day.It listed all the tradesmen in each village in my part of the country,and it was impressive to see the great variety of services which were available on one's own doorstep in the late Victorian countryside.
Nowadays a superficial traveler in rural Eng1and might conclude that the only village tradesmen still flourishing were either selling frozen food to the inhabitants or selling antiques to visitors. Nevertheless, this would really be a false impression. Admittedly there has been a contraction of village commerce, bul its vigor is still remarkable.
Our local grocer's shop, for example, is actually expanding in spite of the competition from supermarkets in the nearest town. Women sensibly prefer to go there and exchange the local news whi1e doing their shopping, instead of queueing up anonymously at a supermarket. And the proprietor knows well that persona1 service has a substantial cash value.
His Prices may be a bit higher than those in the town, bu he will deliver anything at any time. His assistants think nothing of bicycling down the village street in their lunch hour to take a piece of cheese to an old age pensioner who sent her order by word of mouth with a friend who happened to be passing. The more affluent customers telephone their shopping lists and the goods are on their doorsteps within an hour.They have only to hint at a fancy for some commodity outside the usual stock and the grocer a red-faced figure, instantly obtains it for them..
The village gains from this sort of enterprise, of course. But I also find it satisfactory because a village shop offers one of the few ways in which a modest individualist can still get along in the world without attaching himself to the big battalions of industry or commerce.
Most of the village shopkeepers I know, at any rate, are decidedly individualist in their ways. For example, our shoemaker is a formidable figure: a thick-set, irritable man whom children treat with marked respect, knowing that an ill-judged word can provoke an angry eruption at any time. He stares with contempt at the pairs of cheap, mass-produced shoes taken to him for repair: has it come to this, he seems to be saying, that he, a craftsman, should have to waste his skills upon such trash? But we all know he will in fact do excellent work upon them.And he makes beautiful shoes for those who can afford such luxury.
1.The services available in villages nowadays are normally_________.
(A) fewer but still very active
(B) less successful than earlier but managing to survive
(C) active in providing food for the village and tourists
(D) surprisingly energetic considering the little demand for them
2.The local grocer’s shop is expanding even though________.
(A) town shops are more attractive
(B) town shops are larger and less well-known
(C) people like to shop where they are less well-known
(D) people get extra service in townshops
3.How do the village grocer’s assistants feel about delivering goods?
(A) They tend to forget it. (B) They will not consider it.
(C) They take it for granted. (D) It does not seem worth their while
4.Another aspect of personal service available in the village shop is that_________.
(A) there is a wide range of goos available
(B) goods not in stock can be obtained whenever they are needed
(C) special attention is given to the needs of wealthier customers
(D) goods are always restocked before they run out
5.In what way is the village shoemaker a “formidable figure”?
(A) He seems to pay little attention to public opinion.
(B) He refuses to mend cheap,mass-produced shoes.
(C) He has a very rough temper.
(D) He has very high standards of workmanship.
Drivers on the Basingstoke by-pass used to have their attention diverted by a sign that read—A MOMENT'S INATTENTION CAUSES ACCIDENTS. This self-defeating warning has now been removed, but its message is still very much to the point.
Almost anyting can cause an accident. Apart from momentary inattention, it might be a minor miscalculation, a sudden fit of coughing, a bop on the head with a teddy-bear from a child in the back seat, an argument with the wife, fog, falling asleep at the wheel, bad eyesight, a glaring sun, ice, rain, wind, or snow—a1l these can make the difference between a tragic hit and a lucky miss.
Although human error plays its part, it is by no means the only cause of accidends. There must be some cause other than simple human error. Road construction plays its part: researchers have found that it is not at the obvious danger spot—sharp corners, cross-roads, narrow lanes—that accidents happen. It is on those roads where there are subtle visual traps, unexpected changes in the shape or surface of the .road, or even insufficient or badly-placed signs. Wherever there is a 'black spot', it means that something is seriously wrong with the road. Why else did the careless driving of so many come out at that particular spot?
What the law requires when you have an accident
There are, firstly the legal formalities of exchanging names and addresses with others involved in an accident and, in certain cases, informing the police.However, you are required by law to stop after an accident only if:
l Somebody other than yourself in or outside your car has been injured.
2 A vehicle not your own has been damaged.
3 Any horse, cow,donkey,sheep, or dog has been injured.
It has been said that if a driver continues unaware of causing injury he must be acquitted. But the courts are wary of that excuse. Furthermore, the driver himself must wait at the scene; it is not enough for him to leave his chauffeur or a friend to attend to the boring formalities while he goes off on more important business.
If you have been involved in an accident and have stopped, you must give your name, address, and registration number to anyone who has a good reason for requesting it; this means anyone affected by the accident. If these formalities are complied with it is not necessary to wait for the arrival of the police. It is, however, often wise to do so. The police are expert at drawing plans, taking measurements and photographs and gathering other evidence. In your absence the police could be given a biased story against you; and you yourself migh wam to point out certain features of the accident to the police.
6. A MOMENT'S INATTENTION CAUSES ACCIDENTS' (para. l) is a self defeating Warning because______.
(A) it will make a driver wait at the scene
(B) it will distract the driver's attention
(C) it is too difficult to understand
(D) it is too long to be read by drivers
7. According to the passage, which of the following statements is true?
(A) After an accident you have to give your name to anyone who asks for it.
(B) Drivers on the Basingstoke by-pass used to ignore the sign.
(C) Road construction problems can be a major cause of accidents.
(D) A 'black spot' is a part of the road where there are no signs.
8. 'Subtle visual traps' (para.3) are ______.
(A) places where the police hide in order to trap motorists
(B) parts of the road which are deceptive to the driver's eye
(C) danger spots such as sharp corners and cross-roads
(D) places where there are man road-signs
9. As required by the law, you must stop after an accident, if ______.
(A) you have been injured by somebody.
(B) your car has been damaged.
(C) you have injured somebody else
(D) you have witnessed the accident
l 0. After an accident it is recommended that you wait for the police because _________.
(A) it is against the law to drive off
(B) they have to examine your licence and insurance certificate
(C) they have to noto the position of your car
(D) somebody may give them a false account of the accident
Just as word oil scarcity is already causing intemational conflicts, so will the scarcity of water reach a point where wars will break out. The statistics on water are already scary. Already well over l billion people suffer from water shortages and 30 countries get more than a third of their water from outside their borders—an obvious source of disputes and instability especially as the climate changes. The whole of the sub-Saharan Africa, most of South Asia and western South America are most at risk. The reason: the rapid melting of glaciers due to global warning.
At the meeting of the coalition of 27 Intemaional charities last month, Gareth Thomas, minister of Intenatonal Development of the British government, wrote to prime minister Gordon Brown demanding action to ensure fresh water to 1.1 billion people with poor supplies. "If we do not act now, the reality is that water supplies may become the subject of international conflict in the years ahead. We need to invest now to prevent us having to pay that price in the future", Thomas said. The department warned that two-thirds of theword's population will live in water-stressed countries by 2025.
The coalition of charities has appealed for a global effort to bring running water to the developing world and supply sanitation to a further 2.6 billion people. It said that international investment is needed now to prevent competition for water to destabilize communities and escalate into conflicts.
Tackling the water and sanitation crisis is essential if the Millennium Development Goal Call to Action is to be a success. Otherwise, progress on health, education, and environment sustainability will be undermined. Each year 443 million school days are lost globally to diarrhea and 1.8 million children die from these diseases. In fact, it is often not realized tha investing in sanitation and water brillgs the greatest public health gains, more than any other single development intervention and delivers enormous economic gains.Already, some Asian countries have put tackling these issues at the forefront of theirdevelopment efforts. The Millennium Development Goals aim to halve the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water by 20l5. To achieve that urgent action needs to be taken.
There is no doubt that climate change is potentially the most important factor affecting water shor tage. This, compounded with a growing and increasingly urbanized global population will put pressure on food and water.For a temperature rise of 2°C, which is likely to happen by 2050, there would be a catastrophic 2 to 3 billion people suffering from water stress.
11. What does the author think is primarily responsible for water shortages in the world ?
(A) Climate chance. (B) Border dispute.
(C) World competition. (D) Political instability
12. According to Gareth Thomas, _______ is the price we have to pay for water shortage if we do not take immediate action.
(A ) sanitation crisis (B) intemational conflict
(C) global warming (D) over-urbanization
13. What can the coalition of charities do to prevent competition for water ?
(A) Appealing for international investment.
(B) Bringing running water to the developing world.
(C) Supplying sanitation to billions of water-stressed people.
(D) Enhancing world environment sustainability
13. The Millennium Development Goals aim to_______ in the near future.
(A) tackle the water and sanitation crisis
(B) yield economic gains as well as public health gains
(C) mak progress on health, education and environment sustainability
(D) provide more people with clean drinking water
15. According to the passage, what will add to water shortage ?
(A) Oil scarcity.
(B) A drop in temperature
(C) A growing population.
(D) Reduced food supply
Section 2 Study Skill 答案