来源：网络 发布时间：2015-01-22 作者：上外培训网
Parenting was never a piece of cake in any age, but probably the greatest source of headache for parents today in Japan is the ubiquitous cellphone. Today, 96 percent of senior high school students and 58 percent of junior high school students have cellphones. Even among primary school children, 3l percent have them.
By enabling youngsters to stay connected with their parents at all times, these gadgets help to keep children safe. For the kids, they are fun toys, too, that let them text to or chat with their pals whenever they wat, play Intemet games, and enjoy blogging for their own profile and diary purposes.
But terrible dangers lurk beneath all that fun and convenience.
Every year about l,000 children become involved in rape and other crimes through dating service sites. Violent and obscene images are only a couple of clicks away. On gakkoura saito, or so-called unofficial school websites where kids can post whatever they want, anyone can fall victim to brutal ''verbal mob lynching" by their peers.
Amid today's urgent need to address these problems, the government’s Meeting on Education Rebuilding has issued a report. In response to the Prime Minister's recent comments---“I carmot think of one good reason for (letting youngsters) have a cellphone" and "I would like everyone to discuss whether cellphones are really necessary:" ----the report recommended that "parents, guardians, schools and all parties concerned should cooperate among themselves, so that elementary school pupils and junior high school students do not have a cellphone unless there is a compelling reason for them to do so."
But since many parents believe in the necessity of cellphones as a safety tool, it is unrealistic to expect everyone to do away with them. Rather, it would make more sense for guardians, schools and cellphone companies to consider, from their respective standpoints,how cellphones should be used by children.
We suggest that parents sit down with their offspring and talk about their “houserules”for cellphone use. For instance, sct the hours allowed, so the kids won't be texting to their friends late into the night, remind them never to give away personal information online, and so on..
But there are limits to what individual families can do, and this is where we also suggest that schools should educate their pupils on the dangers of cellphone use. One way to go about this, for instance, may be for each class to set its own rules on sending e-mail messages.
16. The word "ubiquitous" (para. l) is closest in meaning to ________.
(A) updated (B) sophisticated
(C) prevalent (D) obsolete
17. Many parents let their kids have cellphones because they ________.
(A) want their kids to keep up with the IT World
(B) can't think of anything better for their kids to have fun
(C) don't want their kids to miss 'what other kids have
(D) believe cellphones endble them to stay connected
18. Which of the following is NOT the potential risk kids may face when using cellphones?
(A) Involvement in rape-related crime
(B) Exposure to violent and obscene images
(C) Falling victim to brutal curses.
(D) Being tracked down by unofficial school websites.
19. The report issued by the government’s Meeting on Education Rebuilding______.
(A) recommended minimizing the use of cellphones among kids
(B) suggested setting “house rules” for cellphone use
(C) urged parents to remind their children about ce1lphone use
(D) pressed schools to educate their pupils on the dangers of cellphone use
20. What is the main idea of the passage?
(A) Parents neglect to protect their kids from cellphones.
(B) Parenting with cellphones is a source of headache.
(C) Cellphones should be banned from campus.
(D) Kids need lessons on the uses of cellphones
A stylish dining room with cream walls and curtains and black carpet as perfect foil to an eclectic array of furniture. Many of the pieces are classics of their particular era, and demonstrate how old and new designs can be happily mixed together Thc prototype chair in the foreground has yet to prove its staying power and was thought up by the flat's occupant. He is pictured in his living room which has the same decorative theme and is linked to the dining room by a high Medieval-styled archway where was once a redundant and uninspiring fireplace.
Old bathrooms often contain a great deal of ugly pipework in need of disguising. This can either be done by boxing in the exposed pipes, or by fitting wood paneling over them.
As wood paneling can be secured over almost anyting---including oid ceramic tiles and chipped walls--- is an effective way of disguising pipework as well as being an attractive form of decoration. The paneling can be vertical, horizontal or diagonal.
An alternative way to approach the problem of exposed pipes is to actually make them a feature of the room by picking the pipework out in bright strong colours.
Cooking takes second place in this charming room which, with its deep armchairs, is more of a sitting room than a kitohen, and th6 ntw RaybUm stove as a good choice, as it blends in well with the old brick and beamed fireplace. There are no fitted units or built-in appliances, so all food preparation is done at the big farmbouse table in the foreground; and the china, pots and pans have been deliberately left on show to make an attractive display. What about the kitchen sink? It's hidden away behind an archway which leads into a small scullery. Here there's a second cooker and--- in the best farmhouse tradition--- a huge walk-in larder for all food storage.
2l. Why is the colour of the carpet described in Extract l a particular advantage?
(A) It livens up the colour in an otherwise dull room.
(B) It provides a contrast to the furniture.
(C) It blends in with the tones of the furniture.
(D) It gives the room a classical style.
22. What is the purpose of the archway described in Extract 1 ?
(A) To hide an unattractive fireplace.
(B) To give the room an exotic eastem style.
(C) To join the dining room with the sitting room
(D) To make room for the unusual seating arrangements.
23. Extract 2 is probably taken from ________.
(A) an architect's blueprint
(B) a plumber’s manual
(C) a home renovation magazine
(D) an advertisement for new bathrooms
24. Extracts 2 and 3 deal with _________.
(A) old and classic furniture
(B) attractive colour schemes
(C) cheap improvement schemes
(D) home decoration
25. Compared with Extract l the room described in Extract 3 appears to _______.
(A) be more comfortable
(B) be more colourful
(C) contain more furniture
(D) posspss a greater variety of style
Large parts of the world have not enjoyed the remarkale global progress in health conditions that have taken place over the past century. Indeed, millions of deaths in impoverished nations are avoidable with prevention and treatment options that the rich world already uses. This year, l0 million children will die in low-and middle-income countries. If child death rates were the same as those in developed countries this figuer would be lower than 1 million. Conversely, if child death rates were those of rich countries just 100 years ago, the figure would be 30 million. Today's tools for improving health are so powerful and inexpensive that health conditions could be reasonably good even in poor countries if policy makers spent even relatively little in the right places.
Recent research for the Copeghagen Consensus idenifies several highly cost-effective options that would tackle some of the planet's most urgent health problems. The most promising investment is in tuberculosis treatment. Some 90 percent of the l.6 million tuberculosis deaths in 2003 occurred in low-and middle-income countries. Because tuberculosis affects working-age people, it can be a trigger of household poverty .The comerstone of control is prompt treatment using first-line drugs, which doesn't require a sophisticated health system. Spending $l billion on tuberculosis treatment in a year would save l million lives. Because good health accompanies higher levels of national economic welfare in the long run, the economic benefits are worth $30 billion.
The second most cost-effective investment is tackling hewt disease. Heart disease migh not seem like a pressing issue for poor nations, but it represents more than a quarter of their death toll. Measures to reduce risk factors other than smoking--high intake or saturated animal fat, obesity, binge drinking of alcohol, physical inactivity , and low fruit and vegetable consumption-- have had little success. Treating acute heart attacks with inexpensive drugs is, however, cost-effective. Spending $200 million could avert several hundred thousand deaths, yielding benefits that are 25 times higher than costs.
The third option is prevention and treatment of malaria. A billion dollars would expand the provision of insecticide-treated bed-nets and facilitate provision of highly effective treatment. This would save more than a million child deaths and produce economic benefits worth $20 billion.
The fourth altermative for policymakers is to focus on child health initiatives. The best measures are familiar ones expanding immunization coverage, promoting breasfeeding, increasing the use of simple and cheap treatments for diarrhea and childhood pneumonia, and so on.
Even if the costs of all these initiatives were two or three times higher than we estimate, these efforts would still provide amazing opportunities to reduce health inequality and do good in the world.
26. Over the past century, the child death rates hatve _________.
(A ) climbed steadily in impoverished countries
(B) dropped remarkably in developed countries
(C) fluctuated wildly in low-incoine countries
(D) remained stable in middle-income countries
27. The most effective investment is in the treatment for ________.
(B) heart disease
28.All of the following could be the contributing factors to heart disease EXCETP________.
(A) heavy smoking
(B) binge drinking
(C) saturated animal fat intake
(D) vegetable consumption
29.According to the author, if $ l billion were invested in the prevention and treatment of heart discase, whih of the following economic benefits would be produced?
(A) $20 billion.
(B) $25 billion.
(C) $30 billion.
(D) $35 billion.
30. What would be the best title for this passage ?
(A) Best Options for Tackling World’s Killer Diseases.
(B) Cost-effective Investment in Impoverished Nations.
(C) Health Inequality between Developed and Developing Countries.
(D) Earth’s Killer Diseases: Tuberculosis, HeartAttak and Malaria...
Section 2 Study Skill 答案