2009年9月中级口译考试真题及参考答案(1)

来源:网络   发布时间:2015-01-23   作者:上外培训网

  真题练习是口译备考必不可少的一个复习方法,上外口译整理了2009年秋季中级口译相关真题及参考答案——Spot Dictation及statement部分,助大家备考一臂之力。

 

  SECTION 1 LISTENING TEST 45 minutes

  Part A Spot Dictation

  Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the word or words you have heard on the tape. Write your answer in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Remember you will hear the passage ONLY ONCE.

  For centuries, people have been fighting over whether governments should allow trade between countries. There have been, and probably always will be two sides to the argument.

  Some people argue that just letting everybody trade freely is best for both the country and the world. Others argue, that trade with other countries makes it harder for some people to make a good living.

  Both sides are at least partly right. International trade matters a lot. It's a fact on the life of people are enormous. Imagine a world in which your country did not trade at all with other countries. Imagine what kind of job you would be likely to get. And what goods you could buy or not buy in such a world. For the United States for example, start by imagining that it lived without its 70 billion dollars a year in imported oil, and cut back on its energy use because the remaining domestic oil and other energy sources were more expensive. Producers and consumers in other parts of the economy would feel the same if they were suddenly stripped a oreign-made goods like CD players and clothing. On the export side, suppose that Boeing could sell airplanes, and farmers could sell their corps only within the United States, and that US universities could admit only domestic students. In each case, there are people who gain, and people who lose from cutting off international trade. In any case, less or more international trade will have strong affects on your career, as well as your life. For years, American companies are often faced with the choice of buying American-made goods which are expensive, and foreign made goods which are cheap. If the company buys America goods, it may anger tax payers by feeling to keep prices low. But if they buy us foreign goods, it may endanger the jobs of American workers. Recently, congress has passed a law compiling American companies with government contracts to give preference to domestic goods and services.

 

  Part B Listening Comprehension

  I. Statements

  Questions 1~10

  1. Are you looking for someone who can translate this contract into Portuguese? What about our new secretary? I hear she had stayed in Brazil for several years.

  2. Finding employment is not easy these days even in big cities. If I were you, I would be delighted with such a job offer.

  3. Also present at the conference is Dr. Madison, who will join our discussion this afternoon to give an expert view on the current situation of global economy.

  4. If you intend to try bungee jumping, most coutries require that you be over the age of 18 and join a bungee jumping club or be properly instructed for the sport.

  5. Keeping a business firm running is far more difficult than starting it. According to current statistics, 2/3 of new business firms will fail in the first five years.

  6. Scientists report that hunting or eating wild animals not only destroy the balance of nature, but also run the risk of being infected by virus from animals.

  7. We can never learn a foreign language in the same way as we acquire our first. For even a three-year-old child can have thousands of hours of contact with his mothertongue.

  8. Once you enroll in full or part-time courses at this college, our services are all free of charge except that you pay 30 pence a copy for any photo copying made here.

  9. If you have yet to appoint a new sale's manager in charge of our LA office, Mrs. Coleman was born there and has good connections.

  10. Suppose the gasoline tank of your car holds twenty gallons, and you average 16 miles to the gallon, how far can you drive on a tank-full-gasoline?

 

  Spot Dictation答案与评析

  1. two sides

  2. letting everybody trade freely

  3. makes it harder

  4. partly right

  5. the life of people

  6. did not trade

  7. likely to get

  8. 70 billon dollar

  9. energy use

  10. more expensive

  11. feel the same

  12. export

  13. only within

  14. domestic students

  15. cutting off

  16. strong effects

  17. American-made goods

  18. anger

  19. endanger

  20. give preference to

  本次Spot-Dictation中较难的空格都出现在了偏前,尤其第二格就出现了填4个单词的情况,这在历年是从未有过的,给了考生一个下马威。我在考前3小时的时候,还在新东方口译现场视频中提醒过考生,考场中总有艰难的时刻,沉着冷静方见英雄本色!只要熬过了前几个空格,后面应该是越做越得心应手。

  第三格和第十格比较级的记录,我们在课堂上强调过,就在两星期前的模考里还在反复提醒。唯一的数字700亿,只需轻松记下70b即可。需要当心的是,第十五格的off,决不能漏写一个f;第一格的sides中s不能漏,第十六格的effects同理;第十七格的定语American-made中,需要加上“-”;第十九个的前缀en不能写成in。

  Statements原文与评析

  本次Statements题并没有特别的难句,都是新东方课堂上分类详述过的,比如第二句的虚拟语气、第四和第九句的条件句型、第十句的数字计算等。

  最难的莫过于最后一句,考生乍一听可能不知所云,但我们在课堂上提到过数字题的考法无非两种――直接答案型和计算,而计算也不会超出加减乘除的范围。因此只要记下20 gallons和16 miles的关键字,应该能想到将两者相乘。

  牵涉到的话题以商务和经济居多,比如第一句的商务翻译、第二句的求职、第三句的全球经济形势、第五句的企业运营、第九句招揽人才等,参加明年3月考试的同学应该引起重视。

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