2008年3月中级口译考试真题及参考答案(5)

来源:网络   发布时间:2015-01-30   作者:上外培训网

  真题练习是口译备考必不可少的一个复习方法,上外口译整理了近几年来中高级口译相关真题及参考答案——TRANSLATION TEST部分,助大家备考一臂之力。

 

  SECTION 3: TRANSLATION TEST (1)

  Direction: Translate the following passage into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

  Imagine you have two candidates for a job. Their CVs are equally good, and they both give good interview. You cannot help noticing, though, that one is pug-ugly and the other is handsome. Are you swayed by their appearance?

  If you were swayed by someone’s looks, would that be wrong? In the past, people often equated beauty with virtue and ugliness with vice.

  Even now, the expression “as ugly as sin” has not quite passed from the language. There is, of course, the equally famous expression “beauty is in the eye of the beholder”, to counter it. Most beholders agree what is beautiful-and modern biology suggests there is a good reason for that agreement. Biology also suggests that beauty may, indeed, be a good rule of thumb for assessing someone of either sex. Not an infallible one, and certainly no substitute for an in-depth investigation. But, nevertheless, an instinctive one, and one that is bound to contribute to the advantage of the physically well endowed.

 

  SECTION 4: TRANSLATION TEST (2)

  Direction: Translate the following passage into English and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

  我国首次月球探测工程的成功,实现了中华民族的千年奔月梦想,开启了中国人走向深空探索宇宙奥秘的时代,标志着我国已经进入世界具有深空探测能力的国家行列。这是我国推进自主创新、建设创新型国家取得的又一标志性成果,是中华民族在攀登世界科技高峰征程上实现的又一历史性跨越,是中华民族为人类和平开发利用外层空间作出的又一重大贡献。全体中华儿女都为我们伟大祖国取得的这一辉煌成就感到骄傲和自豪!

 

  TRANSLATION TEST答案与解析

  TRANSLATION TEST(1)

  假设有两位候选人来竞争一份工作。他俩的履历不相上下,而且他们的面试表现也都很好。但是你不会不注意到其中一人其貌不扬,而另一个则长相俊美。你的取舍是否会被他俩的外貌所影响?如果你被一个人的长相所影响,那有错吗?在过去,人们常常把漂亮等同于美德,把丑陋等同于邪恶。

  即使是现在,“如罪过一般丑陋”这一说法也还没有(完全)从语言中消失。当然,与之相反的是句同样有名的说法:“情人眼里出西施。”大多数有情人对于何为 美貌看法一致,而且现代生物学表明这种一致的看法是有道理的。生物学还告诉我们,评价一个人(无论男女),貌美的确可以成为一个有用的法则。这一凭经验而来的法则并非绝对可靠,当然也不能替代深入的调查。但是,无论 怎样没这是人们本能的反应,对于生来容貌俊秀的人来说,肯定是获益匪(非)浅。

 

  TRANSLATION TEST(2)

  The success of the first stage of China’s lunar probe program has not only realized the centuries-old dream of the Chinese nation to fly to the moon, but also ushered in a new era for the Chinese people to explore the mysteries of deep space, indicating that our country has joined the countries with the capability to explore outer space. // As a fresh landmark achievement in our endeavor to promote homegrown innovation to make our country more innovative, this successful lunar probe marks a historical breakthrough on the part of the Chinese nation to scale the world heights of science and technology. By so doing, the Chinese nation has made another great contribution to the peaceful development and use of the outer space for humankind. // All the Chinese people feel proud of such glorious achievements made by our great motherland.

  英译中答案:

  让我们来做个假设:现在一份职位面前有两个候选人。从简历上看他们旗鼓相当不相上下,而且两人都举止得体、大方端庄。那么,你的判断会受到两人相貌的左右吗?

  就算你的决定的确受到了他们外貌的影响,那又算不算错呢?在过去,我们总是把美貌等同于真善美,而把丑陋视作假恶丑。

  即使时至今日,"丑如罪恶"这种表达也没有被人遗忘。当然了,对美丽也有类似的说法,比如"情人眼里出西施"就能与之相对。的确,大多数人的审美观都相似,而且现代生物学研究也证明了人在评定异性的美丑时标准都很一致。这并不是绝对真理,也没有其它的深入研究能够辅助证明。但无论如何,这都是种本能,基本上应归结于人类的进化优势。

  中译英答案:

  With the successful launch of its first lunar probe, China has realized its millennial dream of flying to the moon, ushered in the new era of entering the space and exploring the mystery of universe, which marks China's access to the ranking of the world's advanced countries capable of probing the moon. It constitutes the milestone of China to promote independence and innovation and to build a country of innovation, the historic advance of China in the conquest of the world's scientific and technological peak, the momentous contribution of China to world peace and human utilization of outer space. All the Chinese people are overwhelmed with pride in the glorious achievement of our great country!

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