2006年3月中级口译真题对话理解及解析(1)

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  2. Talks and Conversations

  Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear Several short talks and conversations. After each of these, you will hear a few questions. Listen carefully because you will hear the talk or conversation and questions Only ONCE. When you hear a question, read the four answer choices and choose the best answer to that question. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

  Questions 11-14

  11.

  (A) She was fired.

  (B) She was given a raise.

  (C) She got a transfer.

  (D) She got married.

  12.

  (A) They bought her a birthday gift.

  (B) They gave her a farewell party.

  (C) They surprised her during the party.

  (D) They saw her off at the airport.

  13.

  (A) She was invited to stay with Nancy in New York.

  (B) She was warned not to give the surprise away.

  (C) She was unable to keep a secret.

  (D) She was a good friend of Nancy's.

  14.

  (A) The man.

  (B) Nancy.

  (C) Mrs Sampson.

  (D) Christina.

  Questions 15-18

  15.

  (A) Sending invitation cards to as many people as possible.

  (B) Reserving a table at least one day in advance.

  (C) Taking your order before you are seated.

  (D) Keeping calm and talking to your clients.

  16.

  (A) A soup.

  (B) Some cold dishes.

  (C) A salad.

  (D) A drink.

  17.

  (A) Consult the waiter about the dish in question.

  (B) Tell everyone that you have certain dietary restrictions.

  (C) Write beforehand to say that you don't care for some dishes.

  (D) Keep quiet and pretend that you enjoy the food.

  18.

  (A) Over your lap.

  (B) On the chair.

  (C) Under the plate.

  (D) Beside the plate.

  Questions 19-22

  19.

  (A) In a holiday camp.

  (B) In a caravan park.

  (C) In a hotel.

  (D) In a restaurant.

  20.

  (A) Because they had driven for a long time.

  (B) Because they had booked for another time.

  (C) Because they had planned to have their supper first.

  (D) Because they had found a better place to stay in.

  21

  (A) She can avoid doing a lot of farm work.

  (B) She wants to stay in some quiet and peaceful place.

  (C) Her husband especially cares for seafood.

  (D) Her children enjoy building sandcastles.

  22.

  (A) In the car.

  (B) In the lounge.

  (C) In a farm.

  (D) In a quiet corner.

 

  【答案】

  Talks and Conversations

  Questions 11-14

  【原文】

  M: By the way, Christina, when is Nancy going to leave for New York?

  W: She is already gone. She left last Friday.

  M: The office won't seem the same without her. But we certainly gave her a great farewell party.

  W: Yes, but was it really a surprise?

  M: Well, I think so. Didn't you ask everyone not to say anything about the party?

  W: Of course I did. But I think somebody gave the surprise away.

  M: Who would do anything like that?

  W: Mrs. Sampson might. You know she can't keep a secret. And she and Nancy are such good friends.

  M: Didn't you warn her to be careful about what she said?

  W: I told her not to say a word.

  M: Well, surprise or not, I'm sure Nancy had a good time. She was smiling and laughing all evening.

  W: And crying a little too. She asked everyone to come and visit her in New York.

  M: And everyone was asking her to write or to call, or best of all, to come back.

  W: We're all going to miss her. Just about everybody in the office working for Nancy in the correspondence section.

  M: Yes, and she is a true friend and always tries to help everyone.

  W: It won't be too long before I see her again. I'm going to New York next month. And she invited me to stay with her.

  M: That'll be wonderful. Anyway, she's still working with the same company. So I'm sure we'll get to talk to each other on the phone pretty often.

  【大意】 这个对话发生在两个同事之间。办公室的一个同事Nancy走了,他们都觉得Nancy是一个很不错的人,在她走之前同事们还给她举行了欢送派对,不过有人事先走漏了风声,把这个"惊喜"事先告诉了她。Nancy将去纽约工作,还在同一家公司,所以他们仍能保持联系。女士还准备了下个月去纽约看她。

  【解析】

  11. What happened to Nancy?

  答案为C)。推理题。对话开头提到:when is Nancy going to leave for New York?说她要走,但没有讲原因。到对话结尾处提到:she's still working with the same company.点出了她其实是transfer(调走)了。

  12. What did her colleagues do for her?

  答案为B)。细节题。对话开头即提到we certainly gave her a great farewell party。

  13. Which of the following is not true about Mrs. Sampson?

  答案为A)。细节题。出处为W: Mrs. Sampson might. You know she can't keep a secret. And she and Nancy are such good friends. M: Didn't you warn her to be careful about what she said? W: I told her not to say a word. 听到这部分对话时可以在B)、C)、D)旁打勾。而听到对话结尾时也不应忽略女士所说的I'm going to New York next month. And she invited me to stay with her,应在A)旁做好相应的笔记,这样才能确保答题时万无一失。

  14. According to the conversation, who is going to New York the following month?

  答案为D)。细节题。女士在结尾说I'm going to New York next month. And she invited me to stay with her.而在对话开头寒暄时,男士称女士为Christina。故选D)。

  Questions 15-18

  【原文】

  American businessmen frequently use social situations to make business deals. One of the best examples of this practice is the business lunch. Therefore, knowing how to conduct yourself at business lunch is often just as important as the business discussion.

  For formal business lunches, it is wise to phone at least 1 day ahead to reserve a table. After you have been seated and given a menu, your waiter will come and ask if you would like to order anything to drink. Nowadays, it is quite acceptable to order a mineral water, a soda, or fruit juice, apart from wine or a mixed drink. After he has taken your beverage order, your waiter will leave you to make your food selection from the menu you have been given. It is the host's responsibility to discover whether or not his guests have any special dietary restrictions. If, however, a host does not do that, a guest should not announce his dietary practices to everyone at the table. Instead, he should discreetly ask the waiter about the ingredients of any dish in question. He should also have in mind a second dish he might order, just in case. Usually, the host will allow his guests to order first. Occasionally, a host may collect orders ahead of time and place them himself.

  Napkins should be placed on your lap, and used periodically to wipe the corners of your mouth, especially when you are eating soup, salad with dressing, or an entrée in a sauce. When you finish the meal, the napkin is then placed on the table beside the plate.

  【大意】商业午餐是美国商人用来谈生意的重要手段之一。本文介绍了美国商业午餐的习俗,比如该如何点饮料,如何点主菜,作为主人和客人分别应怎样做才算礼貌。文末还具体的讲述了餐巾的使用方法。

  【解析】

  15. Which of the following is recommended for a formal business lunch?

  答案为B)。细节题。出处为For formal business lunches, it is wise to phone at least 1 day ahead to reserve a table。

  16. After being seated and given a menu, what are you supposed to order first?

  答案为D)。细节题。出处为After you have been seated and given a menu, your waiter will come and ask if you would like to order anything to drink。

  17. What should you do if you've got any dietary restrictions?

  答案为A)。细节题。对于下述这句话It is the host's responsibility to discover whether or not his guests have any special dietary restrictions(饮食禁忌). If, however, a host does not do that, a guest should not announce his dietary practices to everyone at the table. Instead, he should discreetly(慎重地) ask the waiter about the ingredients(成分) of any dish in question. He should also have in mind a second dish he might order, just in case正确理解,可以排除错误选项。

  18. According to the talk, where should you put the napkin when you finish the meal?

  答案为D)。细节题。文章的最后一句话When you finish the meal, the napkin is then placed on the table beside the plate正是答案所在。

  Questions 19-22

  【原文】

  M: Good evening, Madam. What can I do for you?

  W: The name is McDonald. We've booked two double rooms for a week.

  M: Let me see. I'm afraid there's been a mistake, Madam. Look, you've booked for next week.

  W: Oh, lord. I shouldn't have let my mom do the booking for us. Haven't you any room free at all?

  M: At this time of the year? In August, Madam? I'm terribly sorry, but the whole town's booked out. I'm afraid you won't find a room anywhere.

  W: Not even a bed and breakfast place?

  M: You might possibly find a farm if you went inland.

  W: We want to be by the sea because of the children. They especially like to build sand castles.

  M: Then I don't know what to suggest. There's a caravan park two miles along the coast. But I'm sure it's full. Or there's a Butlan's holiday camp.

  W: No, thank you. We want some peace and quiet. Is there anywhere we can get a meal? We want to have our supper.

  M: At this hour, it's already night o'clock. You could try the next town. The restaurants will be closed, but there are one or two snack bars.

  W: We've been twelve hours on the road. There were queues five miles long in places. The children are dead tired.

  M: Well, I'm sure we can do something for the children. They can sleep on the sofas in the lounge. But I'm afraid, I can't help you and your husband.

  W: Oh, don't worry about us. We can sleep in the car. Cheer up dear. The drive home won't be so bad. There won't be nearly so much traffic going back to London.

  【大意】这个对话发生在宾馆的前台接待和一名女旅客之间。一对夫妇带着孩子经过长途跋涉从伦敦赶到了这个宾馆所在的海边小镇,却发现房间预订错了时间,而在度假旺季整个小镇根本已无可供食宿之处。最终的决定是:让孩子们在宾馆休息室沙发过夜,夫妇俩回车上睡觉,第二天打道回府。

  【解析】

  19. Where's the conversation most probably taking place?

  答案为C)。推理题。从对话开头的一问一答就可以推理出双方的关系:M: Good evening, Madam. What can I do for you? W: The name is McDonald. We've booked two double rooms for a week。显然是在宾馆前台的一个对话。

  20. Why didn't the women and children check in?

  答案为B)。细节题。出处是男士说的一句话Let me see. I'm afraid there's been a mistake, Madam. Look, you've booked for next week。

  21. What's the reason that makes the woman choose to spend holiday by the sea?

  答案为D)。细节题。出处为We want to be by the sea because of the children. They especially like to build sand castles(孩子们爱搭沙堡)。

  22. Where would children sleep according to the conversation?

  答案为B)。细节题。对话快要结束时男士提出了这个解决方案:Well, I'm sure we can do something for the children. They can sleep on the sofas in the lounge。

 

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