10词带你读懂政府工作报告:广义货币

来源:上外培训网   发布时间:2016-09-22   作者:

   我们抓取政府工作报告中所涉及的高频词广义货币(broad money),借由相关双语报道做相应解读,供中级口译拓展复习以及高级口译翻译、口试备考之用。

   【相关报道】

  ...The good news is that the recent tightening efforts may have begun to bite. On a three-month annualized basis, a better guide to recent trends, broad money, or M2, growth slowed to 8.4% in March from as high as 28.5% last October. China published quarterly real GDP growth for the first time last Friday, showing growth slowed to 2.1% in the first quarter of this calendar year from 2.4% in the fourth quarter last year. Lombard Street Research estimates its own quarterly real GDP growth for China, which suggests that the official data could be understating the extent of the slowdown in the first quarter.

  ...好消息是,近来中国政府做出的紧缩努力可能已开始初见成效。广义货币供应(M2)可以帮助我们更好地看清最近的趋势。按每季度的年化统计数据来看,中国的广义货币供应从去年10月高达28.5%的增长率已放慢至今年3月的8.4%。上周五,中国第一次发布了有关GDP季度实际增长率的统计数据。数据显示,中国实际GDP增长率从去年第四季度的2.4%减缓至今年第一季度的2.1%。宏观经济预测顾问公司Lombard Street Research对中国GDP季度实际增长率做了自己的估测,结果表明,官方数据可能对今年第一季度经济增长放缓的程度有所淡化。

  去年财政赤字控制在预算范围内,广义货币M2增长13.6%,符合调控要求。

  All these efforts reassured the market and played a vital role in sustaining steady economic growth. Last year, the deficit was kept within the budgeted range and the broad money supply (M2) increased by 13.6%, well within the target range.

  Three years ago, unhappy with its existing tools for measuring domestic credit, the PBOCrolled out what it called total social financing, or TSF, trumpeted as a more representativemeasure than total bank loans or M2 (broad money supply).

  三年前,由于不满当时衡量国内货币供应量的指标,中国央行推出了被其称为社会融资规模的指标,并称该指标比银行贷款总额或广义货币供应量(M2)更具代表性。

  The PBOC may be looking to add M3 data -- a broader measure of money supply that includesless liquid assets -- to its current mix. But even that wouldn't satisfy all critics.

  中国央行可能正考虑将广义货币供应量M3加入当前组合,这是衡量货币供应量的更广泛指标,囊括了流动性不那么高的资产。不过就算这样,也无法让所有批评者满意。

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